Jun 15, 1215
Magna Carta-King John placed himself and England's future sovreigns and majestries within the rule of law
-protected noble authority
-equal treatment under the law
-trial by one's peers
Jan 1, 1500
Merchantilism-A nation should export more than it imported and accumulate gold to make up the difference.
-Reaction to economic problems
-Ended near 1800s
Jamestown Colony (established)-Company explores established colony on the bank of the James river
-landed there because the deep channel let ships ride close to shore.
House of Burgess-Made up of 22 men
-Goal was to change the Thomas Dale laws.
-First form of a democracy in the New World.
Mayflower Compact-Was a response to speeches given becasue the pilgrims were goiong to settle in Northern Virginia.
-established a government for those to supply their labor.
Plymouth Colony (established)-Economy developed around made in fish and furs
-Origanally bound for Virginia to live near Jamestown
-Feared going further south for the winter.
Fundamental Orders of Connecticut-Was the first written constitution in North America
-composed of a preamble and 11 orders
-included guidlines for representation and paying taxes
Culpeper's Rebellion-In pasquotank county
-prerogative party against popular party
-Arguments made over the governor's salary, taxes, and money
-A colony with a poor government
Glorious Revolution-Lasted until 1689
-Imported a new Protestant king and queen, William III and Mary II.
-Parliament had made a change of government by proving superiority to the king.
Enlish Bill of Rights-Was signed into law by King William III.
-It limited the right to raise money through the taxation of Parliament.
Salem Witch Trials-Where someone was accused of being a witch or of doing witchcraft
-Began when a group of girls began confulsing and the doctor could find no natural cause.
-Many were charged, examined, tried, and even condemned to death
First Great Awakening-"spiritual awakening"
-allowed for the expression of emotions in prayer in order to become more intimate with God.
-caused by the halt in spiritual arguments which caused religion to become "dry"
French and Indian War-British fought against the French and Native Americans
-A result was the taxing that began to pay for the war.
French and Indian WarThe British fought against the French and Native Americans.
-The French lost, and the British gained land
-A result of the war was to begin paying taxes for the debt they were now in.
Albany Plan of Union-Plan to place the British North American colonies under a more centralized government
-Never carried out
-First important plan conceived as a whole under one government
Proclamation line of 1763-Gave the land betweent he Mississippi River and the Appalachian moutains to native Americans
-Colonists weren't to go past the Appalachian Mountains
Sugar/Revenue Act of 1764-The first tax on American colonies imposed by the British
-Colonial leaders in Boston argued that the taxation was a violation of their British privilages
-Also established new trail procedures.
Stamp ActAmerican coloists were required to pay a tax on every printed paper. They worried that this would lead to worse taxation later on.
Virginia Resolves-First settlers got the liberties, privilages, franchises, and immunity possessed by the British
-The taxation of the poeple must be affected by every tax laid on the people
-It was the only security against burdensome taxation.
Sons of Liberty-made up of workers and tradesmen in Boston
-Prepared for agitation against stamp act
-Boston Tea Party
Townshend ActBritish government tried to put taxes on imported goods. Taxes were used to fund the pay of judges and governors.
Boston MassacreBritish soldiers tried to protect a sentry from a crowd. They ended up killing five people.
Gaspee IncidentAfter the night the Gaspee chased a merchant ship believed to be smuggling goods, a group of men boarded the ship. They set the ship on fire and injured the captain.
Committees of Correspondence-Formed in order to coordinate action against the British
-Orgnizations represent the leading men of each colony.
-Formed to address specifc problems
Tea ActThe Tea Act was designed to prop up the East India Company. The tea was to be shipped directly to the colonies and sold at bargain price.
Intolerable ActsBoston Port Act: March 30, 1774
Massachussetts Government Act: May 20, 1774
Administration of Justice Act: May 20, 1774
Quartering Act: March 24, 1765
Quebec Act: October 7, 1774
Boston Tea Party-Closed the city port
-342 crates of tea were dumped into the ocean
- Caused by the restricton of buying tea.
First Continental Congress-Colonists were upset because of the Intolerabe Acts and taxes.
-Held in Philadelphia
-Each state sent a representative
Edenton Tea Party-one of the earliest organized women's political actions
-51 women formed an alliance supporting the cause against taxation without representation
-ridiculed in England, but praised in the colonies
Second Continental Congress-Established the militia as the continental army to represent the states
-Elected George Washington as the commander in chief.
Mecklenburg Resolves-these are a series of resolutions.
-all laws originating from the king or parliament were voided.
-the actions of royal military and civil officials were suspended
Halifax Resolves-first instructions that authorized its delegates to seperate from Great Britain
-didn't authorize delegates to make a resolution, just to vote for independence if a resolution were made.
Declaration of Independence-Thomas Jefferson was the author of the Declaration of Independence.
-A five man comittee drafted the statement of colonies intentions.
-Most cherished symbol of liberty
Articles of Confederation-Written during the early part of the Amercian Revolution
-Congress had power to regulate foreign affairs, war, and the postal service.
Treaty of Paris 1783-Ended the revolution and recognized the U.S. as an independent nation.
-Named for the city in which it was negotiated and signed.
land ordinace of 1785-Laid the foundations of American land policy
-sections of 640 acre land was given to each township
-the 16th section was reserved for maintenence of public schools
Shays' Rebellion-Shay's rebellion was named after Daniel Shays
-Post-revolutionary clash between New England farmers and merchants
-Had a great influence on public opinion
-Took a group of men to the courthouses to get their farms and money back.
Northwest Ordinance of 1787-No fewer than three or more than 5 states would be formed
-Admission to the union would be available when the number of free inhabitants reached 60,000
-Education be encouraged
Federalist/Antifederalist papers-Federalist: arguments in favor of ratification
- used to persuade New Yorkers to ratify the constitution
-Anti-federalist: arguments against ratification.
Constitutional Convention-Lasted four months with 55 delegates
-Men who showed up were characterized as "demi-gods"
-Only 39 out of 55 delegates signed the Constitution
Whiskey Rebellion-Rebellion against the payment of the excise tax.
-a large military force was called to suppress the rebellion.
-at first the efforts to enforce the laws were to be peaceful but had to turn violent
Pontiac's Rebellion-Ottawas attacked fort Detroit in May of 1763
-Native Americans killed/captured more than 600 people by late fall
-Fort Sandusky fell to them also killing 13 soldiers that were inside.