Roots of American Democracy

  • Jan 1, 1215

    Magna Carta/ Great Charter

    Magna Carta/ Great Charter
    Document that listed rights that even the Englsh nobles wouldn't have the right to take away; English nobles forced King John to sign this.
  • Jan 1, 1500

    Mercantilism

    Mercantilism
    Belief in the benefits of profitable trading.
  • Jamestown colony

    Jamestown colony
    First permanent English settlement.
  • House of Burgess (est.)

    House of Burgess (est.)
    The lower house of legislature in colonial Virginia.
  • Plymouth Colony

    Plymouth Colony
    Formed by the Pilgrims when they arrived at Plymouth Rock.
  • Mayflower Compact

    Mayflower Compact
    The Agreement to establish a government by the pilgrims in the cabin of the Mayflower.
  • Fundamental Orders of Connecticut

    Fundamental Orders of Connecticut
    The first written constitution.
  • Culpeper's Rebellion

    Culpeper's Rebellion
    When the rebels of John Culpeper and George Durant, imprisoned the deputy governor and other officials, and assembled a legislature governed bu Culpeper for two years.
  • Glorious Revolution

    Glorious Revolution
    The overthrow og King James II by a union of English Parlementarians; this conferred the sovereignty on William III and his wife, Mary II.
  • English Bill or Rights

    English Bill or Rights
    Declared the rights and liberties of the subjects and giving William III and Mary II the succession.
  • Salem Witch Trails

    Salem Witch Trails
    Held in Salem, Massachusetts which lead to the execution of twenty people for allegedly practicing witchcraft.
  • First Great Awakening

    First Great Awakening
    A period of religious awakening and reform in New England; this movement swept the Atlantic world and the American colonies.
  • French and Indian War

    French and Indian War
    The North American War between France and Great Britian. (1754-1763)
  • Albany Plan of Union

    Albany Plan of Union
    A meeting of delegates from seven colonies held at Albany, New York where Benjamin Franklin proposed a plan for unifying colonies.
  • Proclamation Line of 1763

    Proclamation Line of 1763
    The British crown's attempt to separate white settlement from Indian country after the French and Indian War. (1754-1763)
  • Pontiac's Rebellion

    Pontiac's Rebellion
    Indian uprising against the British after the French and Indian war; lead to the Proclamation Line of 1763.
  • Sugar/ Revenue Act of 1764

    Sugar/ Revenue Act of 1764
    Revenue-raising act passed by the Parliament.
  • Sons of Liberty

    Sons of Liberty
    Organization of American colonials who opposed British measures against the colonists; initially formed to protest the Stamp Act.
  • Stamp Act

    Stamp Act
    The new tax being imposed on all American colonists and it required them to pay a tax on evry piece of printed paper that they used.
  • Virginia Resolves

    Virginia Resolves
    Virginia's response to the British Parliament's Stamp Act of 1765.
  • Townsend Act

    Townsend Act
    Laws passed by Parliment placing duties on certain items imported by the American colonists.
  • Boston Massacre

    Boston Massacre
    British soldiers fired on a crowd of civilians, killing five men; this sparked the rebellion of the American colonies. (The Revolutionary War).
  • Committees of Correspondence

    Committees of Correspondence
    Organized by Samuel Adams in Massachusetts to keep colonists informed on the ant-colonial actions of the British and to plan resistance by the colonies.
  • Gaspee Incident

    Gaspee Incident
    The chase of a ship believed to be smuggling goods; a group of men boarded the Gaspee (lead by John Brown) they wounded the lieutenant of the ship and set it on fire; the British ordered a full investigation and offered a reward; no one confessed.
  • Tea Act

    Tea Act
    British Parliment created a monopoly unfair to American tea merchants; caused the Boston Tea Party.
  • Boston Tea Party

    Boston Tea Party
    Raid of three British ships in the Boston Harbor; colonists dressed as Indians, threw tea into the harbor in order to protest against the British taxes on tea.
  • Intolerable Acts

    Intolerable Acts
    A series of laws passed by the British to punish Massachusetts for the Boston Tea Party.
  • First Continental Congress

    First Continental Congress
    Lasted until October 26, 1774; held because colonists were upset by the Intolerable Acts and taxes; 12 colonies represented.
  • Edenton Tea Party

    Edenton Tea Party
    When fifty-one ladies from Edenton met and publicly resisted not to drink tea or wear any cloth made from England until th tax acts were repealed.
  • Mecklenburg Resolves

    Mecklenburg Resolves
    When Mecklenburg County gathered and signed a declaration of independence from Britain; Mecklenburg Resolves were a series of radical resolutions; this document was supposedly burned in a fire in 1800.
  • Halifax Resolves

    Halifax Resolves
    A resolution adopted by the Fourth Provincial Congress of the Province of North Carolina during the American Revolution; this helped pave the way for the U.S. Declaration of Independence.
  • Second Continental Congress

    Second Continental Congress
    After the Battles of Lexington and Concord; they decided to break away from the British; met in the State House in Philadelphia (Independence Hall).
  • Declaration of Independence

    Declaration of Independence
    Established by the Second Continental Congress, which declared the American colonies to be free and independent of England.
  • Articles of Conferderation

    Articles of Conferderation
    The orginal constitution; replaced by the U.S. Constitution in 1789.
  • Treaty of Paris

    Treaty of Paris
    Ended the United states War for Independence.
  • Land Ordinance of 1785

    Land Ordinance of 1785
    Adopted by the U.S. Congress; this divided much of the country into townships and ranges to facilitate the sale of land to settlers.
  • Shay's Rebellion

    Shay's Rebellion
    The armed uprising in central and western massachusetts- Springfield- 1786-1787.
  • Land Ordinance of 1787

    Land Ordinance of 1787
    The Congress of Confederation adopted this for the government of the Western territories ceded to the U.S. by the states.
  • Constitutional Convention

    Constitutional Convention
    The convention of United States statesmen who drafted the U.S. Constitution in 1787.
  • Federalist/ Anti-Federalist Papers

    Federalist/ Anti-Federalist Papers
    A collection of essays written by Alexander Hamilton, John Jay, and James Madison, by the name of "Publius." Its puropse was to persuade New Yorkers to ratify the Constitution.
  • Whiskey Rebellion

    Whiskey Rebellion
    Western Pennsylvanian settlers revolted against the tax on whiskey.