Jun 15, 1215
Magna CartaKing John signed it, in a field at Runnymede. The Magna Carta prevented the king from taking property, and taxing people unless a council of men agreed upon it.
King John affixed his seal to Magna Carta, confronted by 40 rebllious barons, he consented to their demands in order to avert civil war. 10 weeks later, Pope Innocent III nullified the agreement and england plunged into internal war.
Mayflower Compactsigned on the Mayflower. pilgrims got English permission to settle in Virginia. original document has been lost, but a copy of it was found in William Bradfords handwritten history "Of Plymouth Plantation" made in 1630.
Petition of RightsThe Petiton of Rights granted the people rights, these were; that no freeman should be forced to pay any tax, loan or benvolence, unless in accordance with an act of parliment; no freeman should be imprisoned contrary to the laws of land; that soldiers and sailors should not be billeted on private persons; commission to punish soldiers and sailors by martial law should be abolished. The Petition of Rights was singed by King Charles.
Albany Plan of UnionEnglish officials suggested a union between the royal, proprietary and charter governments. In June 1754, delegates from most of the northern colonies and representatives from the 6 Iroquois nations met in Albany, New York, there they adopted a "plan of union" drafted by Ben Franklin. Under this plan, each colonial legislature would elect delagates to an american continental assembly presided over by a royal governor. this plan never happened because British officials realized that if adopted,
Albany Plan of Union part 2the plan could create a very powerful entity that the government could not control.
French and Indian WarNicknamed the seven year war (1756- 1763)
War between England and France over domination in North America
England won the war
French take FORT NESECITY
Battle of the wilderness- british are defeated at fort duquesne
Battle of Oswega- 1500 english men surrender to french, French capture fort oswega
Battle of Louisburg- 5000 French men are captured British capture main fort in Montreal Canada
Battle of Fort Ticonderoga- French take fort Ticonderoga
French and Indian War pt. 2Battles continued
British recapture Fort Duquense
British take Fort Ticonderoga
Battle of Quebec- British defeat French
Treaty of Paris-All French possessions east of the Mississippi, except New Orleans, are given to the British. All French possessions west of the Mississippi are given to the Spanish. France regains Martinique, Guadeloupe and St. Lucia.
King George III Takes PowerAfter his fathers death in 1751, he had been educated in seculsion from the fashionable world under the care of his mother. the power had already been gravely shaken. whigs were obliged when the 7 years war broke out. the nation learned to applaud the great war minister who succeeed where others hadfailed, and whose immaculate purity put to shame the ruck of barterers of voters for places and pensions. in some sort the work of the new kng was the continuation of the work of William Pitt.
king george III takes power continuedthe colonies wanted mroe freedom than the englishmen, america broke free of britains rule.king geroge III and parliment decided that the colonies should pay for part of the war. colonists were angry with the new taxes. proclimation of 1763- he reserved the land won from the french and native americans to use as hunting grounds
Stamp ActBritish Parliment imposed tax on all paper documents for American colonists.
Ex. legal documents, licenses, newspapers, and playing cards were taxed
The money collected from these taxes were used to protect the American frontier
Colonialists weren't as upset at the tax as they were at the standard the stamp set. (Colonialists felt England was taking advantage of them.)
Boston Massacrethe boston massacre was the killing of 5 colonists by british regulars. it was the culmination of the tensions in the american colonies that had been growing since Royal troops first appeared in Massachusetts in October of 1768, to enfore the heavy tax burden imposed by the Townsend Acts.
Boston Tea PartyTea started to get taxed because the East India Cpmpany was not having sucess with selling tea in England.
Government passed the Tea Act of 1773 to save tea industry
This angered many colonial merchants
Boycott of all tea
One night 3 companies of 50 men masqueraded as mohawk indians set sail
Broke and threw tea over board
1774 Parliment closed port of Boston
Boston Tea Party Interactive WebsiteBoston Tea Party Interactive Website This website uses a visual representation as well as a short narrative to show the event of the Boston Tea party from the perspective of one of the Sons of Liberty.
Intolerable ActsKing George III punnishes the colonies for dumping tea into the harbor (Boston Tea Party)
Closed Boston Harbor to all but British ships
Sent British troops to Boston
British Officials could not be tried in colonial courts
No more self-government in Boston
Extended Canadian borders into Connecticut, Massachusettes and Virginia.
First Continental CongressSep 5, 1774 through October 26, 1774
Carpender's Hall in Philedelphia
All states except Georgia sent delegates elected by the people (56 delegates)
Patrick Henry, George Washington, John Adams, and John Jay, Sam and John Adams
This meeting established that Britian needed to give America more freedom
"A declaration of colonial rights was drafted and sent to London. Much of the debate revolved around defining the colonies' relationship with mother England. " (ushistory.org)
Lexington and ConcordBritian (General Gage) had plans to capture colonial leaders at lexington (Samuel Adams and John Hancock) then to Concord to seize gunpowder
Spies got word and spoiled their plans
Paul Revere and his men rode horseback around the countryside to warn everyone
MINUTEMEN were ready to fight in a minute's time
The "Shot heard round the world" killed the first British Soldiers
This leads to the American Revolution
Second Continental CongressTook place in Philidelpiha, Pennsylvania during the summer of 1775. Some ideas that came about this meeting were to manage colonial war effort and move towards independance. The leaders involved were Peyton Randolp and Charles Thomson. Nottable arrivals included Benjamin Franklin of Pennsylviana and Jonh Hancock of Massachusetts.
VideoThe Road to Constitution Video This video explains in depth a few of the events leading up to the US Constitution. The video goes in depth with the Magna Carta, English Bill of Rights, Mayflower Compact, Declaration of Independence, Articles of Confederation, and Petition of Rights.
Delcaration Of IndependenceThe Delcaration Of Independence was written by Thomas Jefferson, on July 4th 1776. The three major parts of the Delcaration are the preamble (the introduction), the acutal declaration (Indictment) and finally the part that was addressed to the king. (conclusion) "All men are created free and equal and possess the same inherent, natural rights."
Articles of ConfederationThe first president under the Articles of Confederation was John Hanson. Three successes of the article were, establishment of federal government, to wage war and make peace and set up how the new territories would be divided.The Articles of Confederation had failures also which were, raising and maintaning the military, foreign relations and raising taxes.
The Treaty of ParisThe Treaty of Paris was signed on September 3rd, 1783. John Adams, Benjamin Franklin and John Jay represented the United States in this signing. The United States gain significant western territory, including the right for fisherman to fish in the Grand Bank, off the coast of Newfoundland and the Gulf of Saint Lawerence. Also perpetual access to the Mississippi River. The British formally recognized the United States of America as an independent nation. Also, acknowledging the US Constitution.
ConstitutionInteractive US Constitution This website includes the articles of the Constitution and the amendments.
Start of Constitutional ConventionAt the Annapolis Convention, delegates from five states called for a constitutional convention in order to discuss possible improments of the Articles of Conferation. The original purpose of the Convention was to address the problems in governing the United States. The delegates immediately set aside the idea of amending the Articles of Confederation and instead began to draw a new scheme of government. The assembly elected George Washington as President of the convention. At the conclusion of
Start of the Constitutional Convention pt. 2the convention, the 41 delegates had devised a government system of checks and balances. The Connecticut Compromise allowed for proportional representation in the House of Representatives and equal representation in the Senate. ON September 17, 1787, 38 of the 41 delegates signed the US Constitution. The document would not go into effect until 9 of the 13 states ratified it.
English Bill of RightsPeople can speak, and worship freely. the natural right to be free from unreasonable government intrusion in ones home. madison went through the consitiution itself, making changes where he thought most appropriate. William Samuel Johnson, Roger Sherman, Ricard Basseett, Jacob Broom were involved in the signing.