Roots of American Democracy

  • Jun 15, 1215

    Magna Carta/Great Charter

    Magna Carta/Great Charter
    -required King John of England to proclaim certain liberties
    -led to the rule of the Constitutional Law
  • Jan 1, 1500

    Mercantilism

    Mercantilism
    -theory of trade espoused by major European powers
    -reaction against economic problems of earlier times
    -put into practice under Navigation acts
  • Jamestown Colony (est.)

    Jamestown Colony (est.)
    -1st successful English settlement
    -named for King James I of England
    -founded in Colony of VA
  • House of Burgess (est.)

    House of Burgess (est.)
    -1st assmebly of elected representatives
    -1st meeting was in Jamestown, VA
    -moved from Jamestown to Williamsburg
  • Mayflower Compact

    Mayflower Compact
    -first governing document of Plymouth County
    -written by Pilgrims
    -social contract in which settlers agreed to follow compacts rules and regulations for survival
  • Plymouth Colony (est.)

    Plymouth Colony (est.)
    -English colonial venture
    -1st settlement was at New Plymouth
    -founded by Anglicans and Separatists
    -started Thanksgiving
  • Fundamental Orders of Connecticut

    Fundamental Orders of Connecticut
    -describe fovernment set up by Connecticut River towns
    -features of a costitution
    -gave men more voting rights
  • Culpeper's rebellion

    Culpeper's rebellion
    -popular uprising in Albemarle, Carolina
    -protested British Naviation Acts
  • Glorius Revolution

    Glorius Revolution
    -overthrow of King James II
    -William invaded England
    -also termed "Blooded REvolution"
    -ended all attempts of the Duch Wars
  • English Bill of Rights

    English Bill of Rights
    -first 10 ammendments to the Constitution
    -rights were so important that the states insisted on a promise
    -1st ammendment is most important
  • Salem Witch Trials

    Salem Witch Trials
    -series of hearings before trials to prosecute people of witchcraft
    -conducted in Salem Village, Ipswich, and Andover
  • First Great Awakening

    First Great Awakening
    -Christian movement that swept out Protestant Europe and British American
    -brought Christianity to African slaves
    -made Christianity personal
  • Albany Plan of Union

    Albany Plan of Union
    -early attempt at forming a union of colonies
    -inspired the Articles of Confederation
  • Period: to

    French and Indian War

    -war between Great Britian and France
    -often called 7 years war
    -British government fell and William Pitt came to power
    -confirmed Britian's position as the dominant colonial power
  • Pontiac's Rebellion

    Pontiac's Rebellion
    -began when Native Americans were offended by politics
    -attacked forst and settlements of British
    -led to American Revolution
  • Proclamation Line of 1763

    Proclamation Line of 1763
    -attempt to prevent colonists from going west and past the App Mountains
    -British did this to prevent future issues between Native Americans and colonists
  • Sugar/Revenus Act of 1764

    Sugar/Revenus Act of 1764
    -merchants were required to pay tax of 6 pence per gallon of mollasses
    -first tax imposed on American colonies by British parliament
  • Sons of Liberty

    Sons of Liberty
    -political group made of American patriots
    -formed to protect rights of colonists from usurpations by British government
  • Stamp Act

    Stamp Act
    -passed by Biritish Parliament
    -new tax was imposed on all American colonists and required them to pay tax on every piece of printed paper they used
    -money collected was used to help pay costs of defnding and protecting American frontier near the App Mountains
  • Virginia Resolves

    Virginia Resolves
    -series of resolutions passed by VA General Assembly in response to Stamp Act
    -claimed that VA was subject to taxation
  • Townsend Act

    Townsend Act
    -placed new taxes on glass, lead, paints, paper, and tea
    -Britian eventually repealed all the taxes except the one on tea
  • Boston Massacre

    Boston Massacre
    -the killing of 5 colonists by British regulars
    -50 citizens attacked a British sentinel
    -town meeting demanded the removal of the British
    -signal event that led to the Revolutionary War
  • Gaspee Incident

    Gaspee Incident
    -British navy ship chased a ship who was smuggling goods
    -people from that ship set the Gaspee on fire
    -outbreak of war between American colognies and the mother country
  • Committees of Correspondance

    Committees of Correspondance
    -shadow governments
    -coordinated responses to Britian and shared their plans
  • Tea Act

    Tea Act
    -designed to prop up East India Com. which was burdened with eight million pounds of unsold tea
    -cargoes of tea filled the harbor, and the ships were stalled in Boston looking for work
    -led to the Boston Tea Party
  • Boston Tea Party

    Boston Tea Party
    -tea arrived in harbor
    -when tea went overboard, the War for Independence was beginning
  • Intolerable Acts

    Intolerable Acts
    -Boston Port Bill: king closed Boston Harbor
    -Quartering Act: king sent troops to Boston
    -Administration of Justice Act: British officials could not be tried in courts for crimes
    -Massacheusetts Government Act: British government was in charge for all town meetings
    -Quebec Act: bill that cut off western colonies of Connecticut, Massacheusetts, and Virginia.
  • First Continental Congress

    First Continental Congress
    -when representatives debated issuses of rights of colonists as a group
    -British Parliament didn't have the right to pass laws
    -British only had rights to regulate trade
  • Edenton Tea Party

    Edenton Tea Party
    -political protest
    -51 women vowed to give up tea
  • Mecklenburg Resolves

    Mecklenburg Resolves
    -list of statements saying Parliament laws were void
    -royal authority in America was suspended
  • Second Continental Congress

    Second Continental Congress
    -13 colonies met (delegates) after Revolutionary war
    -moved towards independence
  • Halifax Resolves

    Halifax Resolves
    -movement in colonies for declaring independence
    -led to the issue of the Declaration of Independence
  • Declaration of Independence

    Declaration of Independence
    -statement that announced 13 colonies at war with Great Britian
    -stated that they were no longer part of the British Empire
    -inspired work for the rights of marginalized people
  • Federalist/anti-Federalist Papers

    Federalist/anti-Federalist Papers
    -FED: purpose was to gain popular support for the Constitution
    -ANTI-FED: concerns were mentioned in Bill of Rights and brough individual rights
  • Articles of Confederation

    Articles of Confederation
    -voting done by states
    -taxes were based upon value of buildings and land, not by population
  • Treaty of Paris 1783

    Treaty of Paris 1783
    -ended Revolutionary War
    -most famous for being exceedingly generous to US
  • Land Ordinance of 1785

    Land Ordinance of 1785
    -law that allowed for sales of land in NW territory
    -set up standards for land sale
  • Shay's Rebellion

    Shay's Rebellion
    -armed insurrection by farmers against government
    -farmers petitioned state senate to paper money after depression
    -Massacheusetts ratified US Constitution
  • Constitutional Convention

    Constitutional Convention
    -addressed problems in governing in USA
    -intended to revise the Articles of confederation
    -wanted to create a new government
  • Land Ordinance of 1787

    Land Ordinance of 1787
    -act of Congress
    -purpose was the creation of NW territory as the first organized territory of the US
  • Whiskey Rebellion

    Whiskey Rebellion
    -tax protest
    -farmers who sold corn in whiskey from had to pay new tax
    -demonstrated government had the ability to supress violent resistance to its laws