Required King John to proclaim liberties that included rights to landholders, trial by one's peers, and creation of parliment.
This was the first permanent English settlement in America. Within a year of its founding Polish and Dutch were brought to help improve the settlement and expand the colony.
House of Burgesses
In James town the first assembly of elected representives was written out before english colonists. This was created in an effort to have equal power and peace among the colony.
This colony was the second permanent english colony in the new world. The colony is now known as Plymouth, Mass.
This was the first governing document of the Plymouth colony. It was established to ensure that no one would miss use their liberties in the new world.
Fundemental Orders of Connecticut
This order was consdered by some as the first constitution in the western tradition. It gave men more voting rights and made men more eligible to vote.
A revolt that triggered by a series of disputs over taxes. The colonists revolted agaisn't the English government by boycotting the taxed items presented by the English government.
Economic doctrine that states that the control of foregin trade is important for ensuring the properity of and security of the state. This was very common amoung the first early colonies.
William lll's invasion of England led to the overthrowing of King James ll. This ultimately led up to the drafting of the English Bill of Rights.
English Bill of Rights
Lays out of the limit of powers on soverign and sets out the rights of Parliment and th euse of speech in Parliment. Restated liberties of Protestants to have arms in defense of the law.
Salem Witch Trials
Series of hearings before county court to prosecute people accused of witchcraft in the counties of Essex, Suffolk, and Middlesex. The court convicted 29 and had them all hung.
First Great Awakening
This awakening made Christianity intensively personal since the church was able to adopt spiritual conviction and redemption. This focused mainly on church members and changed the way they went to church.
An early attempt at forming a union of the colonies during the french and indian war. The plan was rejected.
French and Indian War
War between Great Britian and France in America and fought primarly over the Allegany and Monongahela rivers.
Native americans from the Great Lakes, Illinous, and Ohio country come together to drive off British soliders and settlers. Their leader was Pontiac.
Proclomation Line of 1763
This proclamation line was used to organize Great Britian's american empire and to stabilize relations with the natives.
This act taxed six pence per gallon of molasses and was used as a source of revenue.
Sons of Liberty
Political group made up of American patriots that wanted to protect the rights of american colonists from the British government after 1766.
New tax put on American colonists by the British which required them to pay taxes on every piece of paper they used.
These were a series of resolutions passed by the Viriginia General Assembly in response to the stamp act.
Series of acts passed to ultimately increase revenue for the British parliment.
Committee of Correspondence
These committees were made up of patriots in each of the 13 colonies. They help protect colonists from British rule and influenced the First Continental Congress.
Britian taxed the exportation of tea from America.
Boston Tea Party
Group of colonists in Boston bordered a ship with a shipment of taxed tea and showed their revolt by dumping it into the harbor.
Series of acts that were triggered directly in response to the Boston Tea Party in December of 1773. These acts caused revolt in America and grew to the american revolution.
First Continential Congress
The congress met in Phildelphia, Penn. and 12 of the 13 colonies elected a total of 55 members. Georgia was the exception since it was a convict state.
Edenton Tea Party
This was a political protest in response to the Tea Act. Inspired by the Boston Tea Party, 51 women met to sign a statement vowing to boycott tea.
This document stated that all laws coming from the English government was null and that the only legitimate laws were those made from the continental congress.
Second Continental Congress
This was the second convention of delegates from the 13 colonies and they met again to manage the colonial effort and move more toward independence.
This resolution enabled North Carolina delegates to team up with other colonies in order to declare independence from Britian.
Declaration of Independence
Announced that the 13 colonies of the U.S. were no longer a part of the British empire and instead independent states. It was written by Thomas Jefferson and stills plays a major role in the governing of the U.S.
Articles of Confederation
Agreement amoung the 13 colonies that legeally recognized the U.S. as a confederation of independent states. This served as a constitution at first and later was replaced by the U.S. constitution.
Federalist vs Anti-Federalist Papers
Federalists organized their thoughts together more clearly while the Anti-Federalists made radical points for their reasoning and had no affect on ratifing the constition.
Treaty of Paris
This treaty ended the revolutinoary war between America and Britian. The treaty stated that America was an independent state that there were now boundaries between America and Britian.
Land Ordinance of 1785
Adopted under the Articles of Confederation, the government was trying to raise money by selling large portions of land in the western part of North America.
This was an armed uprising that took place over finacial difficulties. This revolt made way to revisions in the articles of confederation and gave strong impossision to the Phildelphia Convetion.
Took place in Phildelphia, Penn. and it was going to be used to address problems dealing with the governing of the U.S. The orginial intention was to revise the Articles of Confederation but the final result was the Constitution.
Land Ordinance of 1787
Purpose was to establish the northwest territory and made a separation of slavery to west of the Appalachains and east of the Mississippi.
A tax passed by Alexander Hamilton that made farmers who sold their corn in the form of whiskey pay taxes. This created a rebellion and by 1794 no one was buying taxed whiskey.