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Roots of American Democracy

  • Period: Jan 1, 1215 to

    Roots of American Democracy

    Timespan for the making of our democracy
  • Jun 15, 1215

    Magna Carta

    Magna Carta
    Following a revolt by the English nobility against his rule, King John puts his royal seal on the Magna Carta, which states he would respect fuedal rights and priveledges.
  • Mercantilism

    Mercantilism
    *Real Date 1500 to 1800*
    A theory that says that the nation should export more than it imported. This was a reaction to economic problems, it was first practiced in the English colonies.
  • Jamestown Colony (established)

    Jamestown Colony (established)
    It was the first English seattlement in the New World. It is now called Jamestown Virginia. It was named after King James in England.
  • House of Burgess (est)

    House of Burgess (est)
    It was the first assembly of elected representatives of English colonists in North America
  • Mayflower Compact

    Mayflower Compact
    First governing document of the Plymouth Colony. It was written by colonists later known as the Pilgrims.
  • Plymouth Colony (established)

    Plymouth Colony (established)
    It was the second English settlement after Jamestown, it was founded by Anglicans and took most of the southeastern portion of the modern state of Massachusetts.
  • Fundamental Orders of Connecticut

    Fundamental Orders of Connecticut
    It was the first written Constritution in the Western world. It gave structure and power to the government in Connecticut.
  • Culpeper's Rebellion

    Culpeper's Rebellion
    *Day and Month Not found*
    Protest of British Navigation Acts, which denied the colonists free markets. Led by John Culpeper,the rebels imprisoned the deputy governor and other officials. They convened a legislature, chose Culpeper as governor, and ran the colony for two years. Culpeper was removed by the colony's proprietors and tried for treason but never punished.
  • Glorious Revolution

    Glorious Revolution
    *The day of the date (1) is inaccurate*
    The Glorious Revolution is the overthrowing of King James II of England by a union of English Parliamentarians. It is called the Glorious Revolution because there was no need for a violent Civil War.
  • English Bill of Rights

    English Bill of Rights
    Bills written by John Locke and passed by the Parliament after William and Mary became king and queen after the glorious Revolution. It lays out basic rights for the Englishmen
  • Salem Witch Trials

    Salem Witch Trials
    19 men and women were sent to trial and oncvicted for witchcrtafting and were sentenced to death.
  • First Great Awakening

    First Great Awakening
    *day and month not exact only year*
    It was a Christian movement that grew large all around Europe and especially in British America. It resulted from power preaching that gave listeners a sense of personal revelation.
  • French and Indian War

    French and Indian War
    *Day and Month not exact*
    A war where the British colonists wanted to take over French land in North America. The British fought against the allied French and Native Americans.
  • Albany Plan Of Union

    Albany Plan Of Union
    It was proposed by Benjamin Franklin at the Albany Congress in 1754. It was an early attempt to unite the colonies.
  • Pontiac's Rebellion

    Pontiac's Rebellion
    An Ottwa Indian chief along with other chiefs started a rebellion because British fur traders were on French and indian land, and moved the French of their land, which made the indians angry because they weren't receiving presents from the French.
  • Proclomation Line of 1763

    Proclomation Line of 1763
    The purpose of this proclamation was to organize Great Britains new North American Empire and their relationship with the French and Indians after the French and Indian War.
  • Sugar Act of 1764

    Sugar Act of 1764
    A 3 cent tax on foreign refined sugar and increased tax on coffee, indigo, and certain kinds of wine. This was passed by the British Parliament in 1764.
  • Stamp Act

    Stamp Act
    A Tax imposed by the British Parliament on the colonies of British America. It required that all printed materials to be produced on paper made in london.
  • Virginia Resolves

    Virginia Resolves
    The Virginia Resolves were a series of resolutions passed by the Virginia General Assembly in responce to the Stamp Act of 1765, which was passed by Parliament.
  • Sons Of Liberty

    Sons Of Liberty
    A Political group made of American patriots. This group is famous for its participation in the Boston Tea Party.
  • Townsend Act

    Townsend Act
    A Tax written by Charles Townsend, a British treasurer. This law on British America made colonists pay taxes on glass, lead, paints, paper, and tea.
  • Boston Massacre

    Boston Massacre
    An incident where British soldiers killed five civilian men for protesting in Boston. This lead to riots against British Parliament.
  • Gaspee Incident

    Gaspee Incident
    One night a group of men led by John Brown boarded the Gaspee, a British ship patroling the borders, and wounded the captain and burned down the ship.
  • Committee of correspondence

    Committee of correspondence
    *Day and Month not exact"
    The Committees of Correspondence were shadow governments organized by the Patriot leaders of the Thirteen Colonies on the eve of the American Revolution.
  • Tea Act

    Tea Act
    An act that no one can buy tea from anyone else but the East indioan company which leowered prices on tea, leading to the Boston Tea Party
  • Boston Tea Party

    Boston Tea Party
    A group of colonists boarded a ship and destoyed it, throwing the tea in the harbor, this was a resistance movement against the tea Act passed by the British Parliament.
  • Intolerable Acts

    Intolerable Acts
    Series of laws that weren't tolerable to the people, such as Impartial Administration of Justice Act, Boston Port Act, and the Quebect Act, etc.
  • First Continental Congress

    First Continental Congress
    The First Continental Congress convened in Philedelphia, where 12 out of 13 colonies sent delagates. There they sought rather to right the wrongs that had been inflicted on the colonies from British government.
  • Edenton Tea Party

    Edenton Tea Party
    The Edenton Tea Party was a political protest in Edenton, North Carolina, in response to the Tea Act, which was passed by the British Parliament in 1773. Inspired by the Boston Tea Party.
  • Second Continental Congress

    Second Continental Congress
    All 13 colonies sent delagates to conven in Philedelphia, after the revolutionary war had begun. The Congress strived for independece. They even adopted the Declaration of independence.
  • Mecklenburg Resolves

    Mecklenburg Resolves
    Was alist of statements reputed to have been introduced in Mecklenburg County, North Carolina to the Mecklenburg Committee of Safety
  • Halifax Resolves

    Halifax Resolves
    The Halifax Resolves is the name later given to a resolution adopted by the Fourth Provincial Congress of the Province of North Carolina on April 12, 1776, during the American Revolution. The resolution helped pave the way for the United States Declaration of Independence.
  • Declaration of Idependence

    Declaration of Idependence
    soon after the American Revolutionary War had begun, leaders of the war got together to write a letter to the Kind of England. They wanted to explain why they were fighting for their independence.
  • Articles of Conferderation

    Articles of Conferderation
    This document maintained the aspect of voting done by the states and taxes were based upon the value of buildings. It became the ruling document after it was ratified by the 13 colonies.
  • Treaty of Paris 1783

    Treaty of Paris 1783
    Ended the American Revolutionary War between Great Britain and the 13 colonies and its allies.
  • Land Ordinance of 1785

    Land Ordinance of 1785
    The Ordinance of 1784 was a resolution written by Thomas Jefferson. The land west of the Appalachian Mountains, north of the Ohio River and east of the Mississippi River was to be divided into ten separate states.
  • Shay's Rebellion

    Shay's Rebellion
    A rebellion started by Daniel Shay over financial difficulties. Shaysites were the rebels that rose up and became a private army. Over 1 thousand were arrested and only 5 killed.
  • Federalist / Anti-Federalist Papers

    Federalist / Anti-Federalist Papers
    *Day and Month not found*
    The Anti-Federalist Papers are a collection of articles, written in opposition to the ratification of the 1787 United States Constitution. Unlike the Federalist Papers written in support of the Constitution, the authors of these articles, mostly operating under pen names, were not engaged in a strictly organized project.
  • Cnstitutional Convention

    Cnstitutional Convention
    55 delagates convened at the state house in Philedelphia, where the Declaration of Independence had been sign 11 years earlier. They met for the making of our Constitution.
  • Northwest Ordinance

    Northwest Ordinance
    Formally North-West of the River Ohio, and also known as "The Ordinance of 1787" was an act of the Congress.The primary effect of the ordinance was the creation of the Northwest Territory as the first organized territory of the United States
  • Whiskey Rebellion

    Whiskey Rebellion
    *Day and Month Not Found*
    Was a tax protest in 1789, during the presidency of George Washington. Farmers who sold their grain in the form of whiskey had to pay a new tax which they strongly resented. The tax was a part of treasury secretary Alexander Hamilton's program to pay off the national debt.