War For Independence (1778-1781)

  • Battle of Vincennes

    Battle of Vincennes
    The British, under Henry Hamilton, arrived at Vincennes with a force of 500, including Native Americans. The Natice Americans didn't like the colonists because they were expanding into Native Amiericans' hunting grounds. Henry Hamilton was able to take Vincennes easily because it wasn't heavily guarded, with the french militia who was helping to protect it having drifted away.
  • Savannah

    The British took Savannah to use as a base during the war. They were able to take Savannah because the Patriots had a weak defense and less men. The British were able to use the Royal Navy to aid their troops from New York in capturing Savannah.
  • Battle of Vincennes

    Battle of Vincennes
    Goerge Rogers Clark did not want Vincennes to remain in British control so he gathered men to retake Vincennes. Clark moved quickly so that Hamilton wouldn't have time to get reinforcements. He warned the people of Vincennes that he was coming and when he arrived at Vincennes he marched his men back and forth to make Hamilton think he had a larger force than he did. Hamilton surrendered after a brief fight.
  • Siege of Charleston

    Siege of Charleston
    The British thought if they controlled the south, Loyalists would have somewhere to go and support the Brisitsh and the British would have a better chance of winning the war. The British had control of Goergia so they looked at the port city of Charleston next. The Americans had a difficult time defending Charleston Harbor and worked on securing the city for a seige. The British were able to force the Patriots to surrender on May 12.
  • Camden

    Around 2,400 British troops fought and defeated Patriot militias and the Continental Army in Camden, South Carolina. It was fought in a swampy area and the Patriots had to retreat. The Americans were led by Horatio Gates, who retreated early, and was helped by Baron Von Kalb, and the British were led by Cornwallis.
  • Battle of Kings Mountain

    Battle of Kings Mountain
    The Battle of King's Mountain took place on the border between North and South Carolina. The battle was between Patriot forces and Loyalist militias. The Patriots were able to push the Loyalists back up the mountain and use the trees as cover. The Patriots won the battle when the Loyalist commander, Patrick Ferguson, was killed and the loyalists surrendered.
  • Battle of Cowpens

    Battle of Cowpens
    This was a small battle near the northern border of South Carolina, but since it was an American victory, it had a big impact because it gave the Patriots confidence and boosted their morale. The two sides had almost even numbers, with about 1,000 Patriots. The Patriots had a more strategic position, on a hill surrounded by woods while the British just rushed into battle. The American's stopped stop Cornwallis' men.
  • The Battle of Guilford Court House

    The Battle of Guilford Court House
    About 4,400 Patriots, made up of the Continental Army and militiamen, led by General Greene, fought around 1,900 British, led by Cornwallis. The battle took place around the Guilford Courthouse, with some parts in cleared fields and some parts of the battle in the woods. Cornwallis defeated the Patriots, but took heavy casualties and wouldn't have won except the Americans retreated.
  • Battle of Yorktown

    Battle of Yorktown
    After the French had joined the Continental Army, they headed south together and the French fleet set up a blockade off the Virginia Coast. The combined forces began to go against the British at Yorktown in late September. Cornwallis, the British commander, has no way to win. He was dealing with an army twice his size and the French fleet blocked his escape by sea. Cornwallis surrendered to Washington on October 19, 1781.
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    Seige of Yorktown

    The Seige of Yorktown went from when Washington and the French started the seige to when Cornwallis surrendered.