Early American Government

  • Jan 1, 1215

    Magna Carta

    Magna Carta
    A group of barons forced King John to sign the Magna Carta to seek protection against heavy-handed and arbitrary acts by the king.
  • Jamestown settled

    Jamestown settled
    Jamestown was the first permanent English settlement in North America.
  • Mayflower Compact written

    Mayflower Compact written
    The Mayflower Compact was the first governing document of Plymouth Colony.
  • Petition of Right

    Petition of Right
    The Petition of Right challenged the idea of the divine right of kings, declaring that even a monarch must obey the law of the land.
  • English Bill of Rights

    English Bill of Rights
    The English Bill of Rights guaranteed the right toa fair trial, as well as freedom from excessive bail and from cruel and unusual punishment.
  • Albany Plan of Union

    Albany Plan of Union
    Benjamin Franklin proposed the creation of an annual congress of delegates from each of the 13 colonies that would have the power to raise military and naval forces.
  • Stamp Act

    Stamp Act
    The Stamp Act required the use of tax stamps on all legal documents.
  • Boston Massacre

    Boston Massacre
    British troops in Boston fired on a jeering crowd killing five colonists.
  • Boston Tea Party

    Boston Tea Party
    A group of men disguised themselves as Native Americans, boarded three tea ships in the Boston Harbor, and dumped the ship's cargo into the sea in protest of Britain's control of the tea trade.
  • Intolerable Acts

    Parliament passed a set of laws, the Intolerable Acts, to punish the colonists for the troubles of the Boston Tea Party.
  • First Continental Congress

    First Continental Congress
    The members of the FCC debated plans for action and sent a Declaration of Rights to King George III protesting Britain's colonial policies.
  • American Revolution begins

    American Revolution begins
    The "shot heard 'round the world" was what started the American Revolution.
  • Second Continental Congress

    Second Continental Congress
    The Second Continental Congress became the nation's first national government.
  • Declaration of Independence

    Declaration of Independence
    The Declaration of Independence was founded on theconcept of "the consent of the governed".
  • Articles of Confederation

    Articles of Confederation
    The Articles of Confederation established a "firm league of friendship" among the States.
  • Shays' Rebellion

    Shays' Rebellion
    Daniel Shays led an armed uprising that forced several State judges to close their courts.
  • Connecticut Compromise

    Connecticut Compromise
    The Congress should be composed of two houses.
  • Constitutional Convention

    Constitutional Convention
    Also known as the Philadelphia Convention.
  • Philadelphia Convention

    Philadelphia Convention
    Addressed problems governing the United States of America that had been operating under the Articles of Confederation since it had become independent from Britain.