The Straits Settlements, made up of Melaka, Singapore, Penang, and a few other places, became directly under British rule as an official Crown Colony. The colonies no longer had to listen to the regional office in Calcutta, India. But rather to the Colonial Office based in London. As a Crown Colony, the Straits Settlements was then ruled by a governor, based in Singapore, with the assistance of executive and legislative councils. This was the first step to statehood for the Straits Settlements.