• Lincoln Wins the Republican Nomination

    Lincoln Wins the Republican Nomination
  • South Creates a Government

    At a convention in Montgomery, Alabama, the seven seceding states created the Confederate Constitution, a document similar to the United States Constitution, but with greater stress on the autonomy of each state. Jefferson Davis was named provisional president of the Confederacy until elections could be held.
  • First Battle of Fort Sumter

    First Battle of Fort Sumter
    When President Lincoln planned to send supplies to Fort Sumter, he alerted the state in advance, in an attempt to avoid hostilities. South Carolina, however, feared a trick; the commander of the fort, Robert Anderson, was asked to surrender immediately. Anderson offered to surrender, but only after he had exhausted his supplies. His offer was rejected, and on April 12, the Civil War began with shots fired on the fort. Fort Sumt Fort Sumter
  • Battle of Rich Mountain

    Battle of Rich Mountain
  • First Battle of Bull Run

    First Battle of Bull Run
    Public demand pushed General-in-Chief Winfield Scott to advance on the South before adequately training his untried troops. Scott ordered General Irvin McDowell to advance on Confederate troops stationed at Manassas Junction, Virginia. McDowell attacked on July 21, and was initially successful, but the introduction of Confederate reinforcements resulted in a Southern victory and a chaotic retreat towar First Battle of Bull Run
  • Battle of the Monitor and Merrimack

    Battle of the Monitor and Merrimack
    In an attempt to reduce the North's great naval advantage, Confederate engineers converted a scuttled Union frigate, the U.S.S. Merrimac, into an iron-sided vessel rechristened the C.S.S. Virginia. On March 9, in the first naval engagement between ironclad ships, the Monitor fought the Virginia to a draw, but not before the Virginia had sunk two wooden Union warships off Norfolk, Virginia. Monitor and Merrimack
  • Battle of Shiloh

    Battle of Shiloh
    On April 6, Confederate forces attacked Union forces under General Ulysses S. Grant at Shiloh, Tennessee. By the end of the day, the federal troops were almost defeated. Yet, during the night, reinforcements arrived, and by the next morning the Union commanded the field. When Confederate forces retreated, the exhausted federal forces did not follow. Casualties were heavy -- 13,000 out of 63,000 Union soldiers died, an Battle of Shiloh
  • The Battle of Seven Pines

    The Battle of Seven Pines
    On May 31, the Confederate army attacked federal forces at Seven Pines, almost defeating them; last-minute reinforcements saved the Union from a serious defeat. Confederate commander Joseph E. Johnston was severely wounded, and command of the Army of Northern Virginia fell to Robert E. Lee. The Battle of Seven Pines
  • Second Battle of Bull Run

    Second Battle of Bull Run
  • Battle of Harpers Ferry

    Battle of Harpers Ferry
    Union General McClellan defeated Confederate General Lee at South Mountain and Crampton's Gap in September, but did not move quickly enough to save Harper's Ferry, which fell to Confederate General Jackson on September 15, along with a great number of men and a large body of supplies. Battle of Harpers Ferry
  • Battle of Antietam

    Battle of Antietam
    The Army of the Potomac remained in possession of the field, and the photographers were able to work over it thoroughly immediately after the battle of September 17. One can witness President Lincoln's visit to McClellan's headquarters, and follow the army across the Potomac at Berlin (present day Brunswick, Maryland) and into re-occupied Harper's Ferry. Battle of Antietam
  • Battle of Fredericksburg

    Battle of Fredericksburg
    eneral McClellan's slow movements, combined with General Lee's escape, and continued raiding by Confederate cavalry, dismayed many in the North. On November 7, Lincoln replaced McClellan with Major-General Ambrose E. Burnside. Burnside's forces were defeated in a series of attacks against entrenched Confederate forces at Fredericksburg, Virginia, and Burnside was replaced with General Joseph Hooker. Battle of Fredericksburg
  • Birth of West Virginia

    Birth of West Virginia
    Residents of the western counties of Virginia did not wish to secede along with the rest of the state. This section of Virginia was admitted into the Union as the state of West Virginia on June 20, 1863. West Virginia
  • Emancipation Proclamation Signed

    Emancipation Proclamation Signed
    n an effort to placate the slave-holding border states, Lincoln resisted the demands of radical Republicans for complete abolition. Yet some Union generals, such as General B. F. Butler, declared slaves escaping to their lines "contraband of war," not to be returned to their masters. Emancipation Proclamation
  • Lincoln's re-election

    Lincoln's re-election
  • Appomattox Campaign

    Appomattox Campaign
  • Confederate Army Surrenders

    Confederate Army Surrenders
    Transportation problems and successful blockades caused severe shortages of food and supplies in the South. Starving soldiers began to desert Lee's forces, and although President Jefferson Davis approved the arming of slaves as a means of augmenting the shrinking army, the measure was never put into effect. http://www.civilwarhome.com/confederatesurrender.htm
  • Assassination of Lincoln

    Assassination of Lincoln
    Linoln assassinated at Ford Theatre in Washington D.C. by John Wilkes Booth. Assassination of Lincoln
  • Capture of Jefferson Davis

    Capture of Jefferson Davis
  • Election of President Grant

    Election of President Grant