52. Regulation of Business 1880-1920

  • Civil Service Act

    The Civil Service Act created a good system for federal employees, by basing hiring on experience and not political influence.
  • Haymarket Affair

    The Haymarket Affair was a rally in support of workers on strike in Haymarket Square, Chicago. A bomb was thrown, and gunfire began that killed few people. It is the origin of May Day.
  • Dawes Act

    The Dawes Act broke up the land of most of the tribes into small parcels to be distributed to Indian families while the rest was auctioned off to white families. Indians that accepted the farms and "adopted the habits of civilized life" would become full American citizns.
  • Pullman strike

    t he Pullman's strike was a nationwide conflict between labor unions and railroads that occurred in the United States. It took place in Pullman, Illinois. Employees of the Pullman Palace Car Company started a strike in response to lower wages, bringing traffic west of Chicago to a halt.
  • Dingley tariff

    The Dingley Tariff Act, passed by congress, "increased duties by an average of 57 percent. Tariff rates were hiked on sugar, salt, tin cans, glassware, and tobacco, as well as on iron and steel, steel rails, petroleum, lead, copper, locomotives, matches, whisky, and leather goods."
  • Gold Standard Act

    The Gold Standard Act was established gold as the only standard for redeeming paper money
  • Industrial Workers of the World (Wobblies) established

    The Wobblies is an international union. "The Wobblies contends that all workers should be united as a class and that the wage system should be abolished."
  • Pure Food and Drug Act

    The Pure Food and Drug Act was for preventing the manufacturing, selling, or transporting "of adulterated or misbranded or poisonous or deleterious foods, drugs, medicines, and liquors, and for regulating traffic therein, and for other purposes."
  • Federal Trade Commission established

    "The Federal Trade Commission was to promote consumer protection and to eliminate and prevent regulators perceived to be harmfully anti-competitive business practices, such as threatening monopoly."
  • Treaty of Versailles signed

    The Treaty of Versailles was one of the peace treaties at the end of World War I. It ended the war between Germany and the Allied Powers.