LaoziSome modern scholars believe that Laozi lived in the late 500's B.C.E., while others think he is just a lengend. Laozi was said to be the author of Dao De Jing. The Dao De Jing is a manuscript of 5,000 characters that speaks of a simple and natural way of living.
ConfuciusConfucius lived from 551 to 479 B.C.E.. He was born in the small state of Lu in eastern China. He had seen first hand disortor that erupted when lords fought for power. He deeply respected Chinese traditions but he thought that society and goverment had to change. He wished for peace and order so he thought rulers needed to govern wisely.
HanfeiziHe lived from 280-233 B.C.E. He was a prince of a royal family in the state of Han. He was very concerned with making peace and order in society. Many of his ideas are in a book named aftered him, Hanfeizi.