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NU 200 Nursing History timeline

  • Dorothea Lynde Dix

    Dorothea Lynde Dix
    Dorothea Lynde Dix was firstly a teacher and then a social reformer for the treatment of the mentally ill.Dorothea's views about the treatment of the mentally ill were radical at the time. The popular belief was that the insane would never be cured.Dorothea worked to prove that people with mental illness we not all incurable. She believed that by bettering the patients condition, she could heal some of the illness.
  • Mary Ann Bickerdyke

    Mary Ann Bickerdyke
    Mary Bickerdyke herd of the filth in the hospitals after the outbreak of the Civil War. Without any official sanction, and in violation of regulations forbidding her presence within the fort. She assembled a small staff of local lady volunteers, improving standards of cleanliness along with patients' spirits and recovery rates. Mother Bickerdyke continued built 300 hospitals and aided the wounded on 19 battlefields including the Battle of Shiloh and Sherman's March to the Sea.
  • Linda Richards

    Linda Richards
    Linda Richards, the first student to enroll and the first to graduate from the nursing program which was offered at the New England Hospital for Women and Children In 1872. Linda created a system for charting and maintaining individual medical records for each patient. This was the first written reporting system for nurses which even the famous Nightingale System adopted.
  • Mary Eliza Mahoney

    Mary Eliza Mahoney
    Mary Eliza Mahoney was the first black to study and work as a professionally trained nurse in the United States, graduating in 1879. She enrolled with o a class of 40 students, only she, at age 34, and two other white students, graduated.
  • Clara Barton

    Clara  Barton
    In April 1862, after the First Battle of Bull Run,(American Civil War) Barton established an agency to obtain and distribute supplies to wounded soldiers.In 1864 she was appointed by Union General Benjamin Butler as the "lady in charge" of the hospitals at the front of the Army. 1881 The American Red Cross was founded by Clara Barton. Her original concept included assisting in any great national disaster as well as during war.
  • Isabel Hampton Robb

    Isabel Hampton Robb
    Isabel Hampton Robb implemented an array of reforms that set standards for nursing education. One of her most notable contributions to the system was the implementation of a grading policy for nursing students. Students would need to prove their competency in order to receive qualifications.She also set up the first graduate program in nursing administration at Columbia Teachers College and helped to found the American Journal of Nursing.
  • Lavinia Dock

    Lavinia Dock
    As early as her years as a studentat Bellevue Training School for Nurses in 1886 , Lavinia Dock became aware of the problems students faced in studying drugs and solutions. Lavinia Dock compiled the first, manual of drugs for nurses, Materia Medica for Nurses (1890).
  • Lillian Wald

    Lillian Wald
    Lillian D. Wald was the founder of the Henry Street Visiting Nurse Service and of the Henry Street Settlement. These were created after Wald took postgraduate courses where her assignment was to organize a plan for home nursing to meet the needs of the poor immigrant families on the Lower East Side of New York. After her study she decided to move to that neighborhood so that she could be a visiting nurse there. Wald's staff dispensed help to all who needed it regardless of race or religion.
  • Mary Adelaide Nutting

    Mary Adelaide Nutting
    Mary Adelaide Nutting, American nurse and educator, remembered for her influential role in raising the quality of higher education in nursing, hospital administration, and related fields. In 1907 she joined the Teachers College at Columbia University in New York City and became the world's first professor of nursing.
  • Margaret Sanger

    Margaret Sanger
    In 1912, Sanger gave up nursing work to dedicate herself to the distribution of birth control information. In 1916 Sanger set up the first birth control clinic in the United States, Her efforts were "creating a public nuisance." Her many arrests and prosecutions, and the resulting outcries, helped lead to changes in laws giving doctors the right to give birth control advice (and later, birth control devices) to patients.
  • Annie Warburton Goodrich (1866-1954) 1976

    Annie Warburton Goodrich (1866-1954) 1976
    She served as president of the American Nurses Association from 1915 to 1918Goodrich was also president of the Association of Collegiate Schools of Nursing, New York State Inspector for Training Schools, director of nursing service at Henry Street Settlement, professor of nursing at Teacher's College, Columbia University, and dean of the Army School of Nursing. She developed, and in 1924 became dean of, the first nursing program at Yale University.
  • Mary Brekinridge

    Mary Brekinridge
    The death of her first husband and later two children motivated Mary Breckinridge to devote her life to improving the health of others. In 1924 she obtained her certificate in midwifery while in England. Perhaps now she could meet the problem of medical care for mothers and babies in rural America. Mary Breckinridge began the Frontier Nursing Service (FNS)in 1928,
  • Lillian Holland Harvey

    Lillian Holland Harvey
    Lillian Holland Harvey used her expertise and talents to work in and through professional organizations to advance the cause of black nurses and the nursing profession. In 1948 the first baccalaureate of nursing program in the state of Alabama, was started under her leadership.
  • Madeleine Leininger

    Madeleine Leininger
    Madeleine Leininger is a pioneering nursing theorist, first published in 1961. She developed the concept of transcultural nursing in the 1950's, This idea brings the role of cultural factors into nursing practice .She addresses the differences of treatment used, to best attend to those in need of nursing care, whom are of a different cultural background. She states that the need for nurses to understand their patients’ culture and background
    is a wold wide issue.
  • Hildegard E. Peplau

    Hildegard E. Peplau
    "mother of psychiatric nursing" Hildegard Peplau's fifty-year career in nursing left a stamp on the profession of nursing, Her research and emphasis on the give-and-take of nurse-client relationships was seen by many as revolutionary.Emphasizing the need for a partnership between nurse and client as opposed to the client passively receiving treatment (and the nurse passively acting out doctor's orders). Her book work Interpersonal Relations in Nursing was published in 1952
  • Virginia Henderson

    Virginia Henderson
    Henderson is famous for a definition of nursing: "The unique function of the nurse is to assist the individual, sick or well, in the performance of those activities contributing to health or its recovery (or to peaceful death) that he would perform unaided if he had the necessary strength, will or knowledge"
  • Martha Rogers

    Martha Rogers
    Martha Rogers is best known for developing the Science of Unitary Human Beings and her landmark book in 1970, An Introduction to the Theoretical Basis of Nursing. Rogers strong background in sciences guided NYU to develop the nursing program as a distinct body of scientific knowledge. Martha Rogers, was then known as the first nursing scientist.
  • Ida V. Moffett

    Ida V. Moffett
    Ida dedicated her life to providing quality care and creating standardized nursing education. A pioneer in setting standards for healthcare, she became the first woman involved in achieving school accreditation, and in forming university- level degree programs. She presided over the graduation and licensing of more than 4,000 nurses. The Ida V. Moffett School of Nursing at Samford University stands as a lasting symbol of her dedication to the field.
  • Dorothea Orem

    Dorothea Orem
    Self Care Deficit Nursing Theory. In simplest terms, this theory states that nurses have to supply care when the patients cannot provide care to themselves
  • Jean Watson

    Jean Watson
    Jean Watson is a widely published author and recipient of several awards and honors,Clinical nurses and academic programs throughout the world use her published works on the philosophy and theory of human caring and the art and science of caring in nursing. In 2008 Dr. Watson created a non-profit foundation: Watson Caring Science Institute, to further the work of Caring Science in the world.