Blamires  20c literature

20th Century British Literature

By sillu
  • The Beginning

    The Beginning
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    by the end of the nineteenth century, activism focused primarily on gaining political power, particularly the right of women's suffrage.In Britain the Suffragettes and, possibly more effectively, the Suffragists campaigned for the women's vote. This movement had a great influence on literature, more female writers started emerging.
    Wheeler, Thompson, Reid, Taylor, Anne Knight
  • Rudyard Kipling receives the Nobel Prize

    Rudyard Kipling receives the Nobel Prize
    Kipling turned down many honours offered to him including a knighthood, Poet Laureate and the Order of Merit, but in 1907 he accepted the Nobel Prize for Literature. His best known works areThe Jungle Book , the novel Kim, and Just So Stories . He was the first English author and the joungest up to date to receive the Nobel Prize.
    "In consideration of the power of observation, originality of imagination, virility of ideas and remarkable talent for narration which characterize his creations.''
  • Kenneth Grahame - ''The Wind In the Willows''

    Kenneth Grahame  - ''The Wind In the Willows''
    ''The Wind In the Willows'' is Grahame's most famous works - it has now been adapted into a
    Disney film and has become a ''classic'' in children's literature. The main characters are animals,
    anthropomorphised.ts animal characters—principally Mole, Rat, Badger,
    and Toad—combine captivating human traits with authentic animal habits.
  • Gilbert K. Chesterton - ''The Man Who Was Thursday''

    Gilbert K. Chesterton - ''The Man Who Was Thursday''
    Chesterton's (29 May 1874 – 14 June 1936) prolific and diverse output included philosophy, ontology, poetry, journalism, biography, Christian apologetics, fantasy and detective fiction. Chesterton has also been called the "prince of paradox".
    The novel deals with anarchists, yet the it is not an exploration or rebuttal of anarchist thought; Chesterton's ad hoc construction of "Philosophical Anarchism" is distinguished from ordinary anarchism and is referred to as rebellion against God.
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    The Modernist Movement

    Modernistic art and literature normally revolved around the idea of individualism, mistrust of institutions (government, religion), and the disbelief of any absolute truths. British authors were highly influenced and started writing more intellectually challenging works or by pushing the boundaries of acceptable content.
  • Rudyard Kipling - ''If'' is first published

    Rudyard Kipling - ''If'' is first published
    Rudyard Kipling's (1865-1936) inspirational poem 'If' first appeared in his collection 'Rewards and Fairies' in 1909. The poem 'If' is inspirational, motivational, and a set of rules for 'grown-up' living. Kipling's 'If' contains mottos and maxims for life, and the poem is also a blueprint for personal integrity, behaviour and self-development.
    'If' is perhaps even more relevant today than when Kipling wrote it, as an ethos and a personal philosophy.'
  • Frances H. Burnett - ''The Secret Garden''

    Frances H. Burnett - ''The Secret Garden''
    It is a famous and loved novel, worldwide.
    It focuses on the healing powers of the mind through the main cahracter, a little ill girl.
    This is the novel that has made Burnett famous.
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    War Poets

    They reflected the experiences of WW I, often in a disapproving manner. The most known war poets are: Wilfred Owen, Rupert Brooke, Isaac Rosenberg, Edmund Blunden and Siegfried Sassoon.
  • World War I Begins

    World War I Begins
    The World War borught about the emerge of the war poets, also war and moral dilemmas became major themes in prose.
  • John Buchan - ''The Thirty-Nine Steps''

    John Buchan -  ''The Thirty-Nine Steps''
    There have been several famous adaptions of this novel, the story combinates personal and political dramas in a skillful way. The main character is an all-action hero with a stiff upper lip and a miraculous habit of getting himself out of sticky situations.
  • Thomas S. Eliot - ''The love Song of J.A. Prufrock

    Thomas S. Eliot - ''The love Song of J.A. Prufrock
    (September 26, 1888–January 4, 1965) was an American-born English poet, playwright, and literary critic, arguably the most important English-language poet of the 20th century.[3] His first notable publication, The Love Song of J. Alfred Prufrocks regarded as a masterpiece of the modernist movement
  • Wilfred Owen writes ''Anthem for Doomed Youth''

    Wilfred Owen writes ''Anthem for Doomed Youth''
    Owen in considered to be one of the leading war poets.
    His works include shocking, realistic war poetry on the horrors of trenches and gas warfare, often sat in stark contrast to both the public perception of war at the time.He incorporates the themes of the horror of war into all of his works, but most vividly into ''Anthem for Doomed Youth''.
  • World War I Ends

    World War I Ends
  • W. Somerset Maugham - ''The Moon and the Sixpence''

    W. Somerset Maugham - ''The Moon and the Sixpence''
  • Hugh Lofting - ''Doctor Dolittle''

    Hugh Lofting - ''Doctor Dolittle''
    (January 14, 1886 – September 26, 1947) - Having seen the horrors of war, he did not wish to write to his children of the brutality, so he decided he would fill their lives with merry little stories. He has written many famous children's stories and one epic poem, which is also his only work for adults
  • James Joyce - ''Ulysses''

    James Joyce - ''Ulysses''
    Joyce (2 February 1882 – 13 January 1941) was an Irish writer and poet, widely considered to be one of the most influential writers of the 20th century. Along with Marcel Proust, Virginia Woolf, and William Faulkner, Joyce is a key figure in the development of the modernist novel. He is best known for his landmark novel Ulysses
  • Isaac Rosenberg's poems collected and published posthumously

    Isaac Rosenberg's poems collected and published posthumously
    Isaac Rosenberg (25 November 1890 – 1 April 1918) was an English poet of the First World War who was considered to be one of the greatest of all English war poets. His "Poems from the Trenches" are recognised as some of the most outstanding written during the First World War.
    Rosenberg's works are also often drawn upon by historians and his poems have been recently elected as poems of the day in The Guardian
  • William B. Yeats is awarded the Nobel Prize

    William B. Yeats is awarded the Nobel Prize
    William Butler Yeats (13 June 1865 – 28 January 1939) was an Irish poet, dramatist, and one of the foremost figures of 20th century literature. A pillar of both the Irish and British literary establishments, in his later years Yeats served as an Irish Senator for two terms. He was a driving force behind the Irish Literary Revival, and along with Lady Gregory and Edward Martyn founded the Abbey Theatre, serving as its chief during its early years.
  • Virginia Woolf - ''Mrs Dalloway''

    Virginia Woolf - ''Mrs Dalloway''
    Adeline Virginia Woolf (25 January 1882 – 28 March 1941) was an English novelist, essayist, diarist, epistler, publisher, feminist, and writer of short stories, regarded as one of the foremost modernist literary figures of the twentieth century.
    Her most famous works include the novel Mrs Dalloway, which pictures details of a day in the life of Clarissa Dalloway in post-World War I England.The story travels forwards and back in time, and in and out of the characters' minds.
  • A. A Milne - ''Winnie the Pooh''

    A. A Milne - ''Winnie the Pooh''
    Pooh - needs no introduction. Milne(18 January 1882 – 31 January 1956) was a noted writer, primarily as a playwright, before the huge success of Pooh overshadowed all his previous work.
    He wrote over 25 plays, amongst them the famous adaption of Kenneth Grahame's The Wind In the Willows'', ''Toad of Toad Hall''
  • William B. Yeats - ''The Tower''

    William B. Yeats - ''The Tower''
    The title, which the book shares with the second poem, refers to the Thoor Ballylee castle which Yeats purchased and lived in for some time with his family.
    The book includes several of Yeats' most famous poemsYeats' concerns with confronting his old age
  • David H. Lawrence - ''Lady Chatterley's Lover''

    David H. Lawrence - ''Lady Chatterley's Lover''
    Lawrence(11 September 1885 – 2 March 1930)
    His collected works represent an extended reflection upon the dehumanising effects of modernity and industrialisation. In them, Lawrence confronts issues relating to emotional health and vitality, spontaneity, human sexuality and instinct.
    The book became notorious for its story of the physical relationship between a working-class man and an aristocratic woman, its explicit descriptions of sex, and its use of (at the time) unprintable words.
  • Agathe Christie - Hercule Poirot

    Agathe Christie - Hercule Poirot
    Also Miss Marple 1927 and Murder on the Orient Express 1934.
    Today know as TV shows.
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    The Auden Group

    ...sometimes called simply the Thirties poets, was a group of writers active in the 1930s
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    The Inklings

    was an informal literary discussion group associated with the University of Oxford, England,Its more regular members (many of them academics at the University) included J. R. R. "Tollers" Tolkien, C. S. "Jack" Lewis, Owen Barfield and others.The Inklings were literary enthusiasts who praised the value of narrative in fiction, and encouraged the writing of fantasy.
  • Aldous Huxley - ''Brave New World''

    Aldous Huxley - ''Brave New World''
    Huxley (26 July 1894 – 22 November 1963) was a humanist and pacifist, and he was latterly interested in spiritual subjects such as parapsychology and philosophical mysticism. He is also well known for advocating and taking psychedelics.
    the novel anticipates developmin reproductive technology and sleep-learning that combine to change society. The future society is an embodiment of the ideals that form the basis of futurism.Brave New World had its share of controversy, being banned and challenged
  • World War II Begins

    World War II Begins
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  • George Orwell - ''Animal Farm''

    George Orwell  - ''Animal Farm''
    Animal Farm the book reflects events leading up to and during the Stalin era before World War II. Orwell, a democratic socialist ,was a critic of Joseph Stalin and was suspicious of Moscow-directed Stalinism.
    The novel addresses not only the corruption of the revolution by its leaders but also how wickedness, indifference, ignorance, greed and myopia destroy any possipossibility of a Utopia. It also shows the influence of brainwash and ignorance.
  • World War II Ends

    World War II Ends
    The Second World War did not have as big of an influence on literature as WWI, yet it brought up the subject of war and human capability of destruction up again, for a short period of time.
  • Clive S. Lewis - ''The Chronicles of Narnia(Ist Part) ''

    Clive S. Lewis - ''The Chronicles of Narnia(Ist Part) ''
    The Chronicle of Narnia is a series of seven fantasy novels for children written by C. S. Lewis. It is considered a classic of children's literature and is the author's best-known workThe Chronicles of Narnia present the adventures of children who play central roles in the unfolding history of the fictional realm of Narnia, a place where animals talk, magic is common, and good battles evil.
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    Angry Young Men

    were a group of mostly working and middle class British playwrights and novelists who became prominent in the 1950sthe label was applied to describe young British writers who were characterized by a disillusionment with traditional English society.
    Prime example is John Osbourne's ''Look Back In Anger''
  • Ian Fleming - Character of James Bond, "Casino Royale"

    Ian Fleming - Character of James Bond, "Casino Royale"
    Starting with Casino Royale
  • Samuel Beckett - "Waiting for Godot"

    Samuel Beckett - "Waiting for Godot"
    The best and probably the most famous example of absurd theatre, as Beckett was one of the main representatives. The play revolves around two man waiting for a person called Godot - nobody knows why, who he is, nor do the main characters. The play, as characteristic to absurd theatre involves clever dialogue and word-play.
  • J.R.R. Tolkien - ''The Lord of the Rings''

    J.R.R. Tolkien - ''The Lord of the Rings''
    Tolkien(3 January 1892 – 2 September 1973), is also dentified as the "father" of modern fantasy literatureTolkien's writings have inspired many other works of fantasy and have had a lasting effect on the entire field. The famous saga is world famous and probably needs no introduction.
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    British Poetry Revival

    The revival was a modernist-inspired reaction to the Movement's more conservative approach to British poetry.
  • John Osbourne - "Look back in anger"

    John Osbourne - "Look back in anger"
    A famous play from Osborne, the main character expresses his anger and disappointment in society and the press.
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    Kitchen sink realism

    "@ngry Theatre"
    Domestiv scenes, real life, the banality of life and social criticism.
    For example, John Osborne's works.
  • Alistair MacLean - "The Guns of Navarone"

     Alistair MacLean - "The Guns of Navarone"
  • The Liverpool Scene

    The Liverpool Scene
    Adrian Henri, Roger McGough and Brian Patten.
  • John Fowles - The French Lieutenant’s Woman

    John Fowles - The French Lieutenant’s Woman
  • Patrick O'Brian - "Master and Commander"

    Patrick O'Brian - "Master and Commander"
  • Richard Adams - "Watership Down"

    Richard Adams - "Watership Down"
  • Nicholas Evan - "The Horse Whisperer"

    Nicholas Evan - "The Horse Whisperer"
  • The End

    The End