• tricycle

    1885: Karl Benz (1844-1929) built a motorised tricycle driven by an oil-spirit internal combustion engine in 1885. This is widely held to be the first successful motor vehicle.
  • 4 weel moter carriage 4 weel

    4 weel moter carriage
4 weel
    1885: Gottlieb Daimler (1834-1900) built a motorised bicycle in 1885 and a 4-wheel motor carriage in 1886.
  • front wheel 4x4

    front wheel 4x4
    1898: Latil (France) made front wheel drive units and then 4x4
  • first manufacturing

     first manufacturing
    1898: Tatra started manufacturing.
  • first car company

    first car company
    1899: August Horch began a car company carrying his own surname in 1899; it evolved into Auto-Union and eventually Audi.
  • first battery power cars

    first battery power cars
    1900: Ferdinand Porsche's La Toujours Contente had battery-power with four electric motors, one at each wheel. (He later patented the Mixte transmission in which a petrol engine drove a dynamo and electric motors drove the wheels. It was too expensive fo
  • First audio in cars

    First audio in cars
    1901: Volume imports of cars began into Australia starting with De Dion Boutons.
  • 6 cylinder engine

    6 cylinder engine
    1902: Spyker featured a 6-cylinder engine and four wheel drive!
  • The fist 40hp Mercedes Simplex

    The fist 40hp Mercedes Simplex
    1902: 'Mercedes' registered as a trademark. March 1, 1902, the first 40hp Mercedes Simplex ever built was supplied to Emil Jellinek in Nice. It was named after Jellinek's daughter.
  • Italinana Automobili

    Italinana Automobili
    1906: Societa Italinana Automobili Darracq (SIAD) founded; it later became Alfa Romeo (about 1921).
  • paris car race

    paris car race
    1907: Peking to Paris car race was won by an Itala.
  • four wheel drive with four wheel steering;

    four wheel drive with four wheel steering;
    1907: Felix and Norman Caldwell of South Australia applied for a patent for four wheel drive with four wheel steering; they went on to build Caldwell Vale 4x4 trucks with Henry Vale. - L. A11ison
  • model t

    model t
    1908: Model-T production began.
  • Bugatti first car

    Bugatti first car
    1909: Bugatti built his first car.
  • first sold fwd

    first sold fwd
    1911: FWD sold its first 4x4.
  • 4x4 truck

    4x4 truck
    1913: Jeffrey Quad 4x4 truck went into production
  • The Society Anonima Officine

    The Society Anonima Officine
    1914: The Society Anonima Officine Alfieri Maserati, Bologna, was created by the Maserati brothers.
  • road train

    road train
    1915: Big Lizzie road train (.au).
  • First Oshkosh

    First Oshkosh
    1917: First Oshkosh four wheel drive truck.
  • Bentley founded.

    Bentley founded.
    1919: Bentley founded.
  • Citroen half-tracks

    Citroen half-tracks
    1922: Citroen half-tracks crossed the Sahara, leaving from Touggourt in Algeria.
  • Baby Austin

    Baby Austin
    1922: Baby Austin 7.
  • first MG

    first MG
    1924: The first MG car was built - on a modified Morris Oxford chassis.
  • Citroen half-tracks

    Citroen half-tracks
    1924: December 28: Citroen half-tracks left to traverse Africa.
  • Model-T production ended

    Model-T production ended
    1927: Model-T production ended; 15 million Model Ts had been built from 1908 to 1927.
  • AEC

    1929: AEC started to build AWD trucks in conjunction with FWD (UK).
  • Bentley taken

    Bentley taken
    1931: Bentley taken over by Rolls Royce.
  • Citroen-Haardt expedition,

    Citroen-Haardt expedition,
    1931-1932: Citroen-Haardt expedition, using Citroen half-tracks, followed part of Marco-Polo's route from Beirut to Beijing.
  • Audi became part of Auto-Union

    Audi became part of Auto-Union
    1932: Audi became part of Auto-Union, with DKW, Horch and Wanderer.
  • Miller 4x4

    Miller 4x4
    1932: Miller 4x4 racing cars at Indianapolis.
  • building 4WD

    building 4WD
    1934: Dodge started building 4WD trucks (-George Miles).
  • PX-33 four wheel drive car built

     PX-33 four wheel drive car built
    1934: Prototype PX-33 four wheel drive car built for the Japanese government; the car did not go into production (Mitsubishi). Thanks to Balazs Toth.
  • AEC

    1934: AEC road train (one of three built) was brought to Australia. It consisted of an 8x8 prime-mover and two 8-wheel self-tracking trailers. - L. A11ison
  • aircraft factory founded

    aircraft factory founded
    1937: Svenska Aeroplan Aktiebolaget, aircraft factory founded, later became Saab.
  • Russian

    1938: GAZ 61 - Russian 4x4.
  • "Jeeps"

    1940: Jeep specification issued. 1940-1941: Bantam built 2700 light 4x4s, early "Jeeps".
  • Ford and Willys-Overland

    Ford and Willys-Overland
    1941-1945: Ford and Willys-Overland built 700,000 General Purpose vehicles for WWII. GP became Jeep.
  • Amphibious Jeep

    Amphibious Jeep
    1954-1956: Amphibious Jeep `La Tortuga' "drove" from Alaska to Tierra del Fuego.
  • Unimog introduced

    Unimog introduced
    1946, October 10: Unimog introduced (- H. J. Feil).
  • Land-Rover

    1948: Series-1 Land-Rover released.
  • Porsche's

    1948: Porsche's first car had a 1086cc 30kW VW engine.
  • Jaguar

    1948: Jaguar XK120 launched.
  • Ford released

    Ford released
    1948: Ford released the 1st of the F-Series vehicles.
  • Holden

    1948: Holden 48-215.
  • Ford GPA

    Ford GPA
    1950: The Ford GPA, or amphibious Jeep, `Half Safe' was "driven" across the Atlantic ocean by Ben and Elinore Carlin. It's true!
  • VW Transporter

    VW Transporter
    1950: VW Transporter lay down the foundations of the hippy era.
  • Launch of the racing sports car version

    Launch of the racing sports car version
    1952 March 12: Launch of the racing sports car version of the Mercedes Benz 300SL (of the gullwing doors).
  • Redex Reliability Trial

    Redex Reliability Trial
    1953: The first Redex Reliability Trial was held. Competitors had two weeks to cover 11,000km taking them around Australia. Ken Tubman and John Marshall won in a Peugeot 203.
  • London to Singapore

    1955-1956: London to Singapore Overland (except for Channel!) 2×Land-Rovers.
  • Suzuki's first car.

    Suzuki's first car.
    1955: Suzuki's first car.
  • Goggomobil

    1955: The wonderful Goggomobil.
  • LandCruisers imported into Australia

     LandCruisers imported into Australia
    1958: First Toyota LandCruisers imported into Australia.
  • First Toyota Landcruiser

    First Toyota Landcruiser
    1951: First Toyota Landcruiser was built under the `BJ Jeep' name. The LandCruiser name came in 1954.
  • BMC Mini

    BMC Mini
    1959: BMC Mini went on sale.
  • Haflinger by Steyr-Daimler-Puch.

     Haflinger by Steyr-Daimler-Puch.
    1959: Haflinger by Steyr-Daimler-Puch.
  • Jeep and a Land-Rover traversed

    Jeep and a Land-Rover traversed
    1960: A Jeep and a Land-Rover traversed the Darien Gap
  • Ford Falcon XK.

    Ford Falcon XK.
    1960: Ford Falcon XK.
  • Jaguar E-type unveiled

    Jaguar E-type unveiled
    1961: Jaguar E-type unveiled at the Geneva Motor Show.
  • Ferguson Project 99

    Ferguson Project 99
    1961: Stirling Moss drove a Ferguson Project 99 (P99) with the Ferguson 4WD system to victory in the Oulton Park Gold-Cup race.
  • Porsche 911

    Porsche 911
    1964: Porsche 911; it went on to become a classic.
  • Mini Moke

    Mini Moke
    1964: Mini Moke went on sale.
  • Donald Campbell in Bluebird

    Donald Campbell in Bluebird
    1964, 17 July: Donald Campbell in Bluebird (4WD) raised the land speed record to 403mph, in Australia.
  • VW bought Audi

    VW bought Audi
    1965: VW bought Audi.
  • Jensen FF road car

     Jensen FF road car
    1966: Jensen FF road car had Formula Ferguson 4WD and Dunlop Maxaret anti-lock brakes (ABS).
  • Ferrari

    1969: Ferrari joined the Fiat group.
  • Range Rover

    Range Rover
    1970: Range Rover released - luxury full-time 4WD.
  • Lunar rover "cars"

    Lunar rover "cars"
    1971: Lunar rover "cars" on the moon.
  • Ford Falcon XY

    Ford Falcon XY
    1971: Ford Falcon XY ute 4WD (.au).
  • Trans-Americas Range Rover expedition

     Trans-Americas Range Rover expedition
    1971-1972: British Trans-Americas Range Rover expedition.
  • Subaru Leone

    Subaru Leone
    1974: Subaru Leone 4x4 car.
  • AMC produced

    AMC produced
    1979: AMC produced the Eagle 4x4 car.
  • Specification for the High Mobility Multipurpose

    Specification for the High Mobility Multipurpose
    1981: Specification for the High Mobility Multipurpose Wheeled Vehicle (HMMWV) was issued; later known as the Humvee or Hummer.
  • Quattro 4WD rally car

    Quattro 4WD rally car
    1981: Audi revolutionized rallying with the Quattro 4WD rally car
  • Porsche 911

     Porsche 911
    1981: Porsche showed the Porsche 911 AWD concept car at the Frankfurt Motor Show.
  • Land-Rover 110

    Land-Rover 110
    1983: Land-Rover 110, coil-sprung, full-time 4WD.
  • A Porsche 911

    A Porsche 911
    1984: A Porsche 911 AWD won the Paris Dakar rally.
  • Porsche 959

    Porsche 959
    1986: Porsche 959 AWDs finished 1, 2 and 6 in the Paris Dakar rally.
  • Maserati

    1993: Maserati was bought by Fiat from de Tomaso.
  • Lotus was taken

    Lotus was taken
    1996: Lotus was taken over by Proton.
  • jeep Wrangler

    jeep Wrangler
    1996: New Jeep Wrangler got coil springs.
  • Thrust SSC broke

    Thrust SSC broke
    1997: Thrust SSC broke the sound barrier and raised the World Land Speed Record to 1221kph (763mph, Mach 1.02).
  • Bugatti name bought by VW.

    Bugatti name bought by VW.
    1998: Bugatti name bought by VW.
  • Chrysler and Mercedes-Benz

    Chrysler and Mercedes-Benz
    1998: Chrysler and Mercedes-Benz merged to form DaimlerChrysler.
  • entley bought by VW

    entley bought by VW
    1998: Bentley bought by VW. Is nothing sacred? BMW pulled a swifty and bought the Rolls Royce name.
  • Volvo cars sold

    Volvo cars sold
    1999: Volvo cars sold to Ford.
  • Ford bought LandRover

    Ford bought LandRover
    2000: Ford bought LandRover and `Phoenix' took over MG-Rover from BMW.
  • BMW put the retro'

    BMW put the retro'
    2001: BMW put the retro' `new Mini' on sale in Europe (.au in 2002).
  • : Rolls-Royce

    : Rolls-Royce
    2001: July: Rolls-Royce and Bentley Motor Cars announced details of the last Rolls-Royce Silver Seraph model to commemorate 97 years of Rolls-Royce cars; production ends with 2001. VW continued to build Bentleys but future Rolls Royces were to be built at BMW's new factory.
  • Rolls-Royce

    2002: Rolls-Royce became pure BMW, and Bentley pure Volkswagen.