1960's Timeline Project

  • Brown v. Board of Education

    Brown v. Board of Education
    A unanimous dicision(9-0) by the Supreme Court to desegregate schools.
  • Vietnam War Begins

    Vietnam War Begins
    Fighting between North and South Vietnam for control with the North backed by the communist countries and the South backed by the National Liberation Front (NLF)
  • Rosa Parks

    Rosa Parks
    Rosa Parks sparked the fight for Civil Rights when she refused to give up her seat on a bus to a white man. She was arrested and taken to jail.
  • Montgomery Bus Boycott

    Montgomery Bus Boycott
    African Americans refused to ride the bus system until they were granted equal rights on buses. It lasted an entire year and was the first major protest of Civil Rights.
  • Ho Chi Minh Trail

    Ho Chi Minh Trail
    As early as May of 1958 some patrols were capturing supply hubs along the trail. The trail was used as a trade route for many centuries and now was used by the North to transport up to a few tons of supplies each day.
  • Sit in at Greensboro, NC

    Sit in at Greensboro, NC
    A non violent protest against unequal treatment of African Americans in restaurants.
  • Student Nonviolent Coordinating Committee

    Student Nonviolent Coordinating Committee
    Known as the SNCC and organized by a group of students, this group protested against inequality and later grew into a large group with full time workers getting paid up to a $10 a week salary.
  • Kennedy's Election

    Kennedy's Election
    A close race between JFK and Richard Nixon leaving Kennedy with a winning lead of 0.17% of the popular vote and a victory of 303 to 219 votes in the electoral college. The closest since 1916.
  • The Bay of Pigs

    The Bay of Pigs
    An American backed attack on Cuba by its exiles, to over throw the dictator Castro. It was an incredible failure after the US refused to provide air support and the exiles were easily pinned and captured. They were freed in exchange for $52 million in US aid and support.
  • The Cuban Missile Crisis

    The Cuban Missile Crisis
    The USSR of Russia were placing medium ranged to intermediate ranged nuclear rocket sites in Cuba. The USA discovered these sites with a U-2 Aircraft. Over the 13 days the crisis lasted, President John F. Kenedy set up a quarentine and had the option of an air invasion of Cuba to prevent the missile sites from becomeing active. It all finally ended on October 28, 1962 when in exchange for the removal of the missiles in Cuba, the US would never again invade or support an invasion of Cuba.
  • Quarantine of Cuba

    Quarantine of Cuba
    To prevent any more possible nuclear warheads from entering Cuba, the US set up a blockade in order to peacefully stop the supply to Cuban missile sites without the possible start of a war with the Soviet Union.
  • Letter from Birmingham Jail

    Letter from Birmingham Jail
    Martin Luther King Jr. wrote a letter defending the strategy of non-violent resistance to racism, arguing that people have a moral duty to disobey unjust laws.
  • Birmingham Campaign

    Birmingham Campaign
    In this peaceful protest, protesters were attacked by dogs, sprayed by fire hoses, and beaten with clubs. The protest was organized by the SCLC to bring attention to the unequal treatment of black Americans.
  • I Have a Dream Speach

    I Have a Dream Speach
    Delivered by activist Martin Luther King Jr. at the Lincoln Memorial steps. It was given to around 250,000 civil rights supporters during the March on Washington.
  • JFK Assassination

    JFK Assassination
    In Dallas, Texas, during a trip to regain southern support, President Kennedy was shot in the head by a sniper suspected to be Lee Harvey Oswald.
  • Lyndon B. Johnson Sworn In

    Lyndon B. Johnson Sworn In
    After JFK was assassinated, LBJ was sworn in on airforce one. At first he followed JFK's ideas with the Great Society but later formed his own views and got his way through the Johnson treatment where he would invade peoples space to make them feel uncomfortable and give in to what he wants.
  • Lee Harvey Oswald Killed

    Lee Harvey Oswald Killed
    Out of rage a man ran up and shot Lee Harvey Oswald for killing JFK. There are many conspiracies surrounding this act as well as the JFK assassination.
  • Civil Rights Act of 1964

    Civil Rights Act of 1964
    Act signed by President Lyndon B. Johnson that outlawed any descrimination against racial, ethnic, national and religious minorities, and women.
  • Malcom X Killed

    Malcom X Killed
    when giving a speech to a crowed of 400 he was shot once in the chest with a double barreled shot gun by a man who charged the stage and then twice by two other men with semi-automatic handguns who also charged the stage. He was pronounced dead at 3:30.
  • Operation Rolling Thunder

    Operation Rolling Thunder
    The US airforce started bombing vietnam focusing primarily on the Ho Chi Minh Trail. This non-stop bombing went on for 3 years. More bombs were dropped in this time than in World War II in total.
  • Bloody Sunday

    Bloody Sunday
    600 protesters protesting the death of Jimmie Lee Jackson were attacked by local and state police near Selma, Alabama. Protesters were attacked with clubs and tear gas.
  • March Against Fear

    March Against Fear
    James Meredith started a solitary march from Memphis, Tennessee to Jackson, Mississippi, a total of 220 miles. On the second day he was shot and wounded, when Civil Rights Activists heard about this they decided to continue his march.
  • Black Panthers

    Black Panthers
    Founded by Huey Newton and Bobby Seale. It is a group of african americans protesting treatment by police.
  • The Brown Berets

    The Brown Berets
    A group of Chicano activists that protested for equal rights and against police brutality.
  • Cronkite Bash

    Cronkite Bash
    Was believed to be the most trusted man in america. he wrote articles against the war in vietnam.
  • Johnson Declines Re-Election

    Johnson Declines Re-Election
    With a 36% approval rating, Johnson had no chance at a second term in office so on March 31, 1968, he announced on televisiong that he would not accept his party's nomination nor try to run for office.
  • Poor People's Campaign

    Poor People's Campaign
    An effort to gain economic justice for the poor. people set up a 3000 person tent city in the washington mall and stayed there for 6 weeks.
  • Richard Nixon Elected

    Richard Nixon Elected
    During a close battle Nixon won the 1968 election after Johnson declined wanting to run for another term.
  • Kent State University

    Kent State University
    Students protesting the Vietnam War were shot at after refusing to obey the national guard. 4 students were killed and 11 were wounded.
  • Jackson State University

    Jackson State University
    Students in protest of the Vietnam War were setting fires, throwing rocks, and tipping cars in protest. Police and firefighters arrived to put out the fires and end the riot. At around 12:00am, police opened fire on the crowed under the excuse that they thought they saw a sniper in the building behind the protesters. 2 students were killed and 12 wounded.
  • US Withdrawl from Vietnam

    US Withdrawl from Vietnam
    The US started leaving Vietnam in March and returned home with the feeling of defeat and the loss of a country to communism.
  • 26th Amendment

    26th Amendment
    Changed the voting age requirement to 18. The main arguement was if a politition is able to send me off to war at the age of 18, then shouldn't I be able to vote him into office?
  • Crusade for Justice

    Crusade for Justice
    Gorizales makes organization to get Chicanos rights as well.
  • End of US involvement in the Vietnam War

    End of US involvement in the Vietnam War
    Military involvement in vietnam ended with the Case-Church Amendment passed by Congress.
  • End of Vietnam War

    End of Vietnam War
    The Vietnam People's Army captured Saigon, ending the war.
  • Ho Chi Minh City

    Ho Chi Minh City
    Previously named Saigon and renamed Ho Chi Minh City after its fall to the North Vietnamese. It is the capital of the now united under communism, Vietnam.
  • Fall of South Vietnam

    Fall of South Vietnam
    North Vietnamese troops began to pour into the city of Saigon and quickly overcame all resistance. Around 11:30, a tank crashed through the gates of the presidential palace and marked the end of the war and of South Vietnam.
  • Fidel Castro

    Fidel Castro
    President of Cuba during the Cuban missile Crisis.