1954-1975 Timeline APUSH by i <3 history

  • Dwight D. Eisenhower

    Dwight D. Eisenhower
    The White House
    Eisenhower was very popular in the eyes of Americans using the slogan that was very suitable for him saying, “I like ike”. He was a war hero in world war ll in which played a big part in his popularity with the American people. In his presidency he served two terms as a republican.
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    1954-1975 Timeline APUSH

  • Brown vs. Board of education

    Brown vs. Board of education
    PBSThis trial out ruled the past Plessey v. Fergusson were it stated “separate but equal” in which schools now had to be legally integrated. Brown v. Education was filed against Topeka, Kansas schools, by Oliver Brown. He claimed that this segregation was against the constitution’s Equal Protection clause. So the "separate but equal" facilities were ruled unconstitutional.
  • Montgomery Bus Boycott

    Montgomery Bus Boycott
    After Rosa Parks arrest, a plan to not ride the buses was made for a city wide bus in Montgomery Alabama. Martin Luther King jr. was chosen to direct the boycott. African Americans were determined to make their point which lasted 381 days, until the Supreme Court ruled that the segregation of buses was illegal.
  • Federal-Aid Highway Act of 1956

    Federal-Aid Highway Act of 1956
    PictureUS News
    While Eisenhower was in Germany he saw the advantages it gave them in the easy mobility. Eisenhower made it clear the it was beneficial for the united states to create highways which was 41,000 miles, and cost $25 billion dollars.
  • SCLC

    TextMartin Luther King, Charles K. Steele, and Fred L. Shuttlesworth establish the Southern Christian Leadership Conference, or SCLC. Which becomes a major force in organizing the civil rights movement. King was its president and based its principles on nonviolence.
  • Little Rock

    Little Rock
    After Brown v. Education's verdict, Little Rock High School still was segregated, so the federal court ordered them to comply. Nine African American students were harassed by white mob and threatened to be killed if they were to be allowed in the school. President Eisenhower sent troopers to protect the students. Under their protection the "Little Rock Nine" finished out the school year.
  • Civil Rights Act of 1957

    Civil Rights Act of 1957
    usgPresident Eisenhower signed the Civil Rights Act of 1957 which was the first federal civil rights act since the reconstruction. It established the Civil Rights division of the Justice Department and the US Civil Rights Commission to investigate any racial discriminations. It also empowered federal prosecutors to obtain court injunctions against interference with the right to vote.
  • National Defense Education Act of 1958

    National Defense Education Act of 1958
    This act was in response to Sputnik, it provided funds for upgrading sciences, foreign language, and teaching innovation. Passed in 1958 it provided loans for students and to train teachers as well to improve nation's elementary and high schools. Directed to better the united states education.
  • John F. Kennedy

    John F. Kennedy
    HarvardThe White House
    Kennedy was the youngest man elected President and he was the youngest to die. Millions watched his television debates with the Republican candidate, Richard M. Nixon. JFK won by a narrow margin in the popular vote in which television played a big role to help him win.
  • Bay of Pigs Invasion

    Bay of Pigs Invasion
    PictureThe Bay of Pigs Invasion was an unsuccessful attempt by United States in which Cuban exiles fought to overthrow the government of the dictator Fidel Castro. The plan was to have twelve hundred exiles land at Bay of Pigs on southern coast of Cuba.There was hope that the Cuban population would go join the fight against Castro but they were wrong.Kennedy took full resposibilty which made him more popular.
  • Cuban Missile Crisis

    Cuban Missile Crisis
    HistoryAn American U-2 plane took a photograph of Soviets were secretly installing nuclear missiles in Cuba. He ordered naval “quarantine” and demanded immediate removal of threatening weaponry. October 28 Soviets agreed to pull their missiles from Cuba if the United States would not invade Cuba and remove their missiles from Turkey. This agreement helped the countries dodged nuclear war.
  • Letter from Birmingham Jail

    Letter from Birmingham Jail
    PhoenixWhile under arrest and staying in Birmingham jail Martin Luther King Jr. wrote a letter about equality. It touched many emotions for people and inspired many African Americans as well as whites and accurately described the segregation occurring in that time period. It mentally gave people an impact on the truth.
  • March of Washington

    March of Washington
    CoreMore than 200,000 people arrived at Washington, D.C. to march for equal rights between blacks and whites. They were led by Martin Luther King Jr. to protest was for the high unemployment and low wages for African Americans. This is where Martin Luther King Jr. delivered his popular "I Have a Dream" speech.
  • Birmingham Bombing

    Birmingham Bombing
    Members on the Klu Klux klan in 1963 bombed the 16th Street Baptist Church killing four girls under the age of 15. The church was an African American church was constantly threatened. It was a significant religious center for the city's black population and a routine meeting place for civil rights to organize.
  • Lyndon B. Johnson

    Lyndon B. Johnson
    PictureThe White House
    Lyndon B. Johnson become president after Kennedy’s assassination in November 22, 1963. He helped in the civil right movements and played a role of the escalation of the Vietnam war. He spoke of peace in Vietnam, but gave up and did not run again for reelection.
  • Malcolm X

    Malcolm  X
    Text Organization of Afro-American Unity called for Restoration, Reorientation, Education, Economic Security, and Self-Defense as a means of promoting Pan-African unity and interests. The OAAU pushed for black control of every aspect of the black community. Malcolm X stated that the organization's principal concern was the human rights of blacks, but that it would also focus on voter registration,
  • Civil Rights Act of 1964

    Civil Rights Act of 1964
    Civil Rights Act 1964 eliminates limitations for any race, gender, disability and religion. Johnson signed the act on July 2, 1964 which helped the civil rights movement make huge progress. It’s a landmark legislation prohibiting discrimination in several areas including housing, employment and education.
  • Gulf of Tonkin Incident

    Gulf of Tonkin Incident
    TextTwo US warships had been attacked by Northern Vietnamese. US forces triggered a major escalation in the war.
  • Gulf of Tonkin Resolution

    Gulf of Tonkin Resolution
    Passed by Congress it gave the president a return action in which This began the United States’ military involvement in the Vietnam War.
  • Bombing NorthernVietnam

    Bombing NorthernVietnam
    HistoryWhen bombing North Vietnam it became a no mercy war in which the US was politicaly not supposed to be bombing them. The US was supposed to be fighting a defensive war to help South Vietnam but instead it was taking out of the lines.
  • Selma Freedom March

    Selma Freedom March
    PBSOn March 7, demonstrators start a 54-mile march in response to an activist's murder. They are protesting his death and the unfair state laws and local violence that keep African Americans from voting. Police violently assaulted the marchers and television networks broadcast the attacks of "Bloody Sunday" nationwide, creating outrage at the police, and sympathy for the marchers.
  • Medicare and Medicaid

    Medicare and Medicaid

    Johnson signed the Social Security Act of 1965 into law. Medicaid provides health insurance for the poor, and Medicare provides health insurance for individuals sixty-five and over and the disabled. It was funded by a tax on the earnings of employees, matched by contributions by employers, and was well received.
  • Tet offensive

    Tet offensive
    In more than 100 cities, attacks by the Vietcong surged through with continuing forces of supporting trios. Americans lost 2,500 men. This showed the Americans it would not be easy to win the war. In America the war was already unpopular in which this gave the people another reason to hate the war.
  • Richard Nixon

    Richard Nixon
    PictureThe White House
    The Republican party nominated Nixon once again. First event of his first term occurred in 1969, when American astronauts made the first moon landing. Nixon wanted for world stability so in 1972 to Beijing and Moscow, he relieved tensions with China and the U.S.S.R.
  • Watergate Scandal

    Watergate Scandal
    HistoryFrank Wills, a security guard at Watergate helped discover that five men from C.R.E.E.P broke in so they could put eavesdropping equipment into in the building. Nixon denied knowing of any previous knowledge of the incident.He refused to giverecorded tapes of conversations, and pleaded executive privilege to guarantee his privacy but the court found him guilty of obstructing justice. Nixon became very unpopular and resigned on august 9, 1974.
  • Paris Peace Accord

    Paris Peace Accord
    HistoryDr Henery A. Kissinger meet secretly on behalf of Nixon with the North Vietnamese officials to negotiate an end to the war in Vietnam. The Nixon Doctrine came about saying US would honor existing defense commitments but would have to fight the war without US troops.
  • Arab Oil Embargo

    Arab Oil Embargo
    HistorySyrian and Egyptians unleashed surprise attacks on Israel in attempt to regain the territory they had lost in the Six Day War of 1967. Nixon placed America’s nuclear forces on alert to help Israelis. The Americans helping Israel against the oil rich neighbors created Arab nations suddenly clamped an embargo on oil to the united states. Americans were very dependent in oil which a causes a huge energy crisis.
  • Gerald Ford

    Gerald Ford
    PictureThe White House
    Ford is the first and only president to be a president who was not elected. He was more of and every man kind of guy. He was a republican and underwent the most background check by the FBI in history and was found clean.
  • Proclamation 4311

    Proclamation 4311
    President Ford made Proclamation 4311 that forgave all of former president Nixon's actions regarding the Watergate scandal. The proclamation brought Ford's popularity down and was one of the reasons he was not reelected.
  • Draft Dodgers

    Draft Dodgers
    PictureNY Times
    Many people fled the country when the draft came about for Vietnam and when it was over they wanted to come back into the United States. Ford allowed the draft dodgers to come back into the US which made the American people outraged. He became very unpopular after this gesture.