1920's Study Guide

Timeline created by mbalding86
In History
  • End of World War 1 (Armistice Day)

    Armistice Day is the day that World War I ends. This is at the 11th hour on the 11th day of the 11th month of 1918. At 5 a.m. that morning, Germany, bereft of manpower and supplies and faced with imminent invasion, signed an armistice agreement with the Allies in a railroad car outside Compiégne, France.
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    The First Transatlantic Flight

    British aviators John Alcock and Arthur Brown made the first non-stop transatlantic flight in June 1919.
  • White Women are able to vote

    The Nineteenth Amendment guaranteed women the right to vote. The restrictions that would keep non-white men from voting would now carry over to non-white women. It would stay this way for years.
  • Al Capone

    Throughout the mid-1920s, the notorious gangster and his outfit were reportedly earning as much as US$85 million a year. However, by the time he died, Al Capone's money was more or less nowhere to be found.
  • Census indicates a population in the United States over 100 million people

    For the first time, the 1920 census indicates a population in the United States over 100 million people. The 15% increase since the last census now showed a count of 106,021,537. The geographic center of the United States population still remained in Indiana, eight miles south-southeast of Spencer, in Owen County.
  • The League of Nations is established with the ratification of the Treaty of Versailles

    The League of Nations is established with the ratification of the Treaty of Versailles, ending the hostilities of the first World War. In a final vote, the United States Senate again votes against joining the League.
  • The first performance of the play, Beyond the Horizon, is held.

    The first performance of the play, Beyond the Horizon, is held. The play by Eugene O'Neill would win the first of his four Pulitzer Prizes.
  • Women are given the right to vote with the 19th Amendment

    Women are given the right to vote when the 19th Amendment to the United States constitution grants universal women's suffrage. Also known as the Susan B. Anthony amendment, in recognition of her important campaign to win the right to vote.
  • American Professional Football League is formed in 1920

    The American Professional Football League is formed in 1920 with Jim Thorpe as its president and eleven teams. It would change its name to the National Football League in 1922.
  • Harding Won Presidency

    A landslide victory for Warren G. Harding in both the Electoral College and popular vote returns the Republican Party to the White House. Harding gained over 16 million popular votes to Democratic candidate James M. Cox's 9 million and won the Electoral contest with a 404 to 127 landslide. This was the first election in which women had the right to vote.
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    Harding's Presidency

    Warren Gamaliel Harding (November 2, 1865 – August 2, 1923) was the 29th president of the United States, serving from March 4, 1921 until his death in 1923.
  • A national quota system on the amount of incoming immigrants is established

    A national quota system on the amount of incoming immigrants is established by the United States Congress in the Emergency Quota Act, curbing legal immigration.
  • Congressional resolution by both houses is signed by President Warren G. Harding

    A Congressional resolution by both houses is signed by President Warren G. Harding, declaring peace in World War I hostilities with Germany, Austria, and Hungary. The treaties would be executed one month later.
  • The proposal for a trail along the Allegheny Mountain ridges is put forward by regional planner Benton MacKaye

    The proposal for a trail along the Allegheny Mountain ridges is put forward by regional planner Benton MacKaye. The trail, completed in 1937 and designated officially as the Appalachian National Scenic Trail in 1968, stretches from Maine to Georgia.
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    The first Miss America pageant is held in Atlantic City, New Jersey

    The first Miss America pageant is held in Atlantic City, New Jersey. It is won by Margaret Gorman for the title of the Golden Mermaid trophy, later dubbed Miss America.
  • The Limitation on Armaments Congress convenes in Washington, D.C.

    The Limitation on Armaments Congress convenes in Washington, D.C.
  • Reader's Digest is founded and the first issue published

    Reader's Digest is founded and the first issue published by Dewitt and Lila Wallace.
  • The Armaments Congress ends

    The Armaments Congress ends. It would lead to three agreements, including the Five Power Disarmament Treaty, between the major world powers and the United States, to limit naval construction, outlaw poison gas, restrict submarine attacks on merchant fleets and respect China's sovereignty.
  • The Teapot Dome scandal begins

    The Teapot Dome scandal begins when the U.S. Secretary of the Interior leases the Teapot Oil Reserves in Wyoming.
  • Construction begins on Yankee Stadium

    Construction begins on Yankee Stadium in New York City, often dubbed the House that Ruth Built.
  • The Lincoln Memorial is dedicated

    The Lincoln Memorial, located on the opposite end of the National Mall from the Capitol building, is dedicated in Washington, D.C.
  • The 12th century Aztec Indian ruins in New Mexico are proclaimed as a National Monument

    The 12th century Aztec Indian ruins in New Mexico are proclaimed as a National Monument by President Warren G. Harding, following in the footsteps of all presidents since Theodore Roosevelt. It is known as Aztec Ruins National Monument.
  • Time Magazine is published for the first time

    Time Magazine is published for the first time, becoming one of the most dominant media companies of the Twentieth Century.
  • Warner Brothers Pictures is incorporated.

    Warner Brothers Pictures is incorporated.
  • The first sound on film motion picture Phonofilm is show in the Rivoli Theatre

    The first sound on film motion picture Phonofilm is show in the Rivoli Theatre in New York City by Lee de Forest.
  • President Warren G. Harding dies in office

    President Warren G. Harding dies in office after becoming ill following a trip to Alaska, and is succeeded by his Vice President, Calvin Coolidge. Coolidge would oppose the League of Nations, but approved of the World Court.
  • The first Winter Olympic Games are held in the French Alps

    The first Winter Olympic Games are held in the French Alps in Chamonix, France with sixteen nations sending athletes to participate, including the United States, which won four medals. Norway, with four gold and eighteen medals total had the most in both categories. The Winter Olympic Games have been held since this year, except during World War II.
  • The IBM corporation is founded

    The IBM corporation is founded.
  • J. Edgar Hoover is appointed to lead the Federal Bureau of Investigation.

    J. Edgar Hoover is appointed to lead the Federal Bureau of Investigation.
  • All Indians are designated citizens by legislation passed in the U.S. Congress

    All Indians are designated citizens by legislation passed in the U.S. Congress and signed by President Calvin Coolidge. The Indian Citizenship Act granted this right to all Native Americans that had been born within the territory of the United States.
  • Calvin Coolidge wins his first election as President

    Calvin Coolidge wins his first election as President, retaining the White House for the Republican Party over his Democratic foe, John W. Davis, and Progressive Party candidate Robert M. La Follette. The Electoral margin was 382 to 136 (Davis) to 13 (La Follette).
  • Nellie Tayloe Ross is inaugurated as the first woman governor of the United States

    Nellie Tayloe Ross is inaugurated as the first woman governor of the United States in Wyoming. Miriam Ferguson is installed two weeks later as the second during a ceremony in Texas.
  • Radiovision is born

    Radiovision is born. The precursor to television is demonstrated by Charles Francis Jenkins when he transmits a 10 minute film of synchronized pictures and sound for five miles from Anacostia to Washington, D.C. to representatives of the United States government.
  • The Scopes Trial or Monkey Trial begins

    The Scopes Trial or Monkey Trial begins and would later convict John T. Scopes of teaching Charles Darwin's evolutionary theory at a Dayton, Tennessee high school, which violated Tennessee law. He is fined $100 for the charge.
  • The Grand Ole Opry transmits its first radio broadcast.

    The Grand Ole Opry transmits its first radio broadcast.
  • Robert H. Goddard demonstrates the viability of the first liquid fueled rockets

    Robert H. Goddard demonstrates the viability of the first liquid fueled rockets with his test in Auburn, Massachusetts. The rocket flew one hundred and eighty-four feet over 2.5 seconds.
  • The first flight to the North Pole and back occurs

    The first flight to the North Pole and back occurs when pilot Floyd Bennett, with Richard Evelyn Byrd as his navigator, guided a three-engine monoplane. They were awarded the Medal of Honor for their achievement.
  • Air Commerce Act is passed

    Air Commerce Act is passed, providing aid and assistance to the airline industry, plus federal oversight under the Department of Commerce for civil air safety.
  • The Sesqui-Centennial Exposition opens in Philadelphia

    The Sesqui-Centennial Exposition opens in Philadelphia to celebrate the one hundred and fiftieth birthday of the United States. With nineteen nations and four colonies participating, the event failed to live up to the wonder and expectation of the former Centennial Exposition, and is often regarded as a failure in world expo circles. Due in part to inadequate preparation and a very wet summer, it closed on November 30 a disappointment with 6 million visitors in total attendance.
  • The NBC Radio Network is formed

    The NBC Radio Network is formed by Westinghouse, General Electric, and RCA, opening with twenty-four stations.
  • The civil war in China prompts one thousand United States marines to land

    The civil war in China prompts one thousand United States marines to land in order to protect property of United States interests.
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    The Great Mississippi Flood occurs

    The Great Mississippi Flood occurs, affecting over 700,000.
  • Charles Lindbergh leaves Roosevelt Field

    Charles Lindbergh leaves Roosevelt Field, New York on the first non-stop transatlantic flight in history. He would reach Paris thirty-three and one-half hours later in the Spirit of St. Louis, his aircraft. A ticker tape parade would be held in New York City after his return on June 13.
  • First success in the invention of television occurs

    First success in the invention of television occurs by American inventor Philo Taylor Farnsworth. The complete electronic television system would be patented three years later on August 26, 1930.
  • Babe Ruth hits his 60th home run of the 1927 season

    On September 30, 1927, Babe Ruth hits his 60th home run of the 1927 season and with it sets a record that would stand for 34 years. George Herman Ruth was born February 6, 1895, in Baltimore, Maryland.
  • Work on the gigantic sculpture at Mount Rushmore begins

    Work on the gigantic sculpture at Mount Rushmore begins. Sculptor Gutzon Borglum would complete the task of chiseling the busts of four presidents; George Washington, Thomas Jefferson, Abraham Lincoln, and Theodore Roosevelt, fourteen years later.
  • The advent of talking pictures emerges

    The advent of talking pictures emerges. Al Jolson in the Jazz Singer debuts in New York City.
  • The Tennessee national military park known as Fort Donelson is created by legislation

    The Tennessee national military park known as Fort Donelson National Battlefield, site of the first major Union victory in the Civil War and known for the unconditional surrender of Confederate troops to Brigadier General Ulysses S. Grant, is created by legislation signed into law by President Calvin Coolidge.
  • The first appearance of Mickey and Minnie Mouse on film occurs

    The first appearance of Mickey and Minnie Mouse on film occurs with the release of the animated short film, Plane Crazy.
  • Amelia Earhart becomes the first woman to fly over the Atlantic Ocean.

    Amelia Earhart becomes the first woman to fly over the Atlantic Ocean.
  • Herbert Hoover wins election as President of the United States

    Herbert Hoover wins election as President of the United States with an Electoral College victory, 444 to 87 over Democratic candidate Alfred E. Smith, the Catholic governor of New York.
  • The United States Congress approves the construction of Boulder, later named Hoover Dam.

    The United States Congress approves the construction of Boulder, later named Hoover Dam.
  • Future Civil Rights leader Martin Luther King is born

    Future Civil Rights leader Martin Luther King is born in his grandfather's house in Atlanta, Georgia.
  • Saint Valentine's Day Massacre

    The Saint Valentine's Day Massacre was the 1929 murder of seven members and associates of Chicago's North Side Gang that occurred on Saint Valentine's Day. The men were gathered at a Lincoln Park garage on the morning of that feast day, February 14th.
  • Gangsters working for Al Capone kill seven rivals

    In Chicago, Illinois, gangsters working for Al Capone kill seven rivals and citizens in the act known as the St. Valentine's Day Massacre.
  • JCPenney opens its Store #1252 in Milford, Delaware

    JC Penney opens its Store #1252 in Milford, Delaware, the last state in the Union to have one of their stores. The growth of the nationwide chain indicated the prosperity of the decade only two weeks before the stock market crash of 1929 would ensue.
  • Black Thursday

    Black Thursday is the name given to Thursday, October 24, 1929, when panicked investors sent the Dow Jones Industrial Average plunging 11% at the open in very heavy volume. Black Thursday began the Wall Street crash of 1929, which lasted until October 29, 1929.
  • The Teapot Dome scandal comes to a close

    The Teapot Dome scandal comes to a close when Albert B. Fall, the former Secretary of the Interior, is convicted of accepting a $100,000 bribe for leasing the Elk Hills naval oil reserve. He is sentenced to one year in jail and a $100,000 fine.
  • Postwar prosperity ends in the 1929 Stock Market crash

    Postwar prosperity ends in the 1929 Stock Market crash. The plummeting stock prices led to losses between 1929 and 1931 of an estimated $50 billion and started the worst American depression in the nation's history.
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    The Wall Street Crash of 1929

    The Wall Street Crash of 1929, also known as the Great Crash, was a major American stock market crash that occurred in the fall of 1929. It started in September and ended late in October, when share prices on the New York Stock Exchange collapsed.
  • Lava Beds National Monument in California is designated

    Lava Beds National Monument in California is designated by President Calvin Coolidge. It was the site of a volcanic rock, natural fortress used by the Modoc Indians during the Modoc War of 1872-3.