1865-1893

By ptunney
  • National Labor Union Created

    National Labor Union Created
    One of the first labor unions created to fight for better working conditions and other things for workers. However, it collasped not to long after.
  • Grant defeats Seymour for President

    Grant defeats Seymour for President
    Grant defeated Seymour in a landslide vote in the 1868 election.
  • Transcontinental Railroad Completed

    Transcontinental Railroad Completed
    The first railroad that stretched across the United States connecting the East and West for the first time.
  • Knights of Labor is Created

    Knights of Labor is Created
    Another labor union created that was instrumental for many years in fighting big businesses. They were the union involved in the Haymarket Square strike and after that they began to collapse.
  • Fisk and Gould Scam the Gold Market

    Fisk and Gould Scam the Gold Market
    Fisk and Gould bought so much gold and convinced the treasury not to let any gold out and they scamed millions of dollars.
  • Boss Tweed Goes Down

    Boss Tweed Goes Down
    Boss Tweed was arrested and sentenced to jail. Samuel Tilden was the lawyer that finally took him down
  • Credit Mobilier Scandal

    Credit Mobilier Scandal
    The Credit Mobilier scandal involved many congressmen. They bought stocks for Credit Mobilier who was scaming the government and the other companies. They gained over $20 million more than they should have.
  • Panic of 1873

    Panic of 1873
    People were over speculating and wildcat banks were giving out loans that were not being paid back. Banks had to shut down, putting people and small businesses into bankruptcy.
  • Whiskey Ring Scandal

    Whiskey Ring Scandal
    Government officials along with many others were able to scam millions of tax dollars on liquor and saved it for themselves. They were exposed in 1875.
  • Compromise of 1877

    Compromise of 1877
    The Democrats allowed Hayes to become president only if the North withdrew the troops in Southern states.
  • End of Reconstruction

    End of Reconstruction
    The era known as reconstruction ended with the compromise of 1877 because the North pulled out their military forces in the South.
  • Garfield defeats Hancock

    Garfield defeats Hancock
    Garfield won the presidency with electoral votes, although the number of states was about equal for each candidate.
  • Garfield Assassination

    Garfield Assassination
    James Garfield was shot in Washington DC by Charles Guiteau only four months after taking office.
  • Chinese Exclusion Act

    Chinese Exclusion Act
    The government passed this Act to try and stop the spreading violence and hatred toward Chinese immigrants. These immigrants were hated so much because they worked for dirt cheap and took all the jobs.
  • Pendleton Act

    Pendleton Act
    The Pendleton Act set up the Civil Service Commission. The commission made it that to serve in public office you had to pass a test. This put an end to the spoils system for the most part.
  • Cleveland defeats Blaine

    Cleveland defeats Blaine
    Grover Cleveland defeated Blaine for president in a relatively small margin of electoral votes.
  • American Federation of Labor Created

    American Federation of Labor Created
    A labor union created that was successful in getting things done like the 8 hour work day. This is one of the only early unions that was successful and didn't collapse.
  • Harrison defeats Cleveland

    Harrison defeats Cleveland
    The grandson of William Henry Harrison defeated Cleveland in the 1888 presidential election.
  • Sherman Anti-Trust Act

    Sherman Anti-Trust Act
    The first attempt by the government to try to stop businesses from creating monopolies.
  • Celeveland defeats Harrison

    Celeveland defeats Harrison
    Grover Cleveland once again ran for president after being president, then losing the next election. However, this time he won and served a second term.
  • Utah Admitted as a State

    Utah Admitted as a State
    Utah was admitted as our nation's 45th state.
  • McKinley defeats Bryan

    McKinley defeats Bryan
    William McKinley defeated William Jennings Bryan in the 1896 presidential election to become our 25th President.
  • Dingley Tariff Act

    Dingley Tariff Act
    A nation tariff with rates of 47%, highest in US history.
  • Library of Congress Opens

    Library of Congress Opens
    After being expanded and reorganized the Library of Congess reopened.
  • The USS Maine Explosion

    The USS Maine Explosion
    The USS Maine exploded and sank in Havana harbor. The US blaimed Spain and it lead to the Spanish-American War.
  • Teller Amendment

    Teller Amendment
    Stated that the US could not annex Cuba, but had to leave it under the leadership of its people.
  • Spanish-American War

    Spanish-American War
    The United States declared war on Spain after the Maine incident set them over the top.
  • Gold Standard Act

    Gold Standard Act
    Made gold the only standard for backing paper money, not silver.
  • Hawaii Becomes a Territory

    Hawaii Becomes a Territory
    Hawaii gained official territorial status.
  • Platt Amendment

    Platt Amendment
    Stated that all US troops should be removed from Cuba at the end of the Spanish-American War.
  • US Troops leave Cuba

    US Troops leave Cuba
    US troops followed the Platt amendment and left Cuba.
  • Oklahoma admitted as a State

    Oklahoma admitted as a State
    Oklahoma was admitted to the Union as our nations 46th state.
  • Payne-Aldrich Tariff

    Payne-Aldrich Tariff
    Tariff that actually lowered the tax on certain items.
  • Ballinger-Pinchot affair

    Ballinger-Pinchot affair
    Dispute between Pinchot and Ballinger over conservation and split the republican party.
  • Triangle Shirtwaist Company fire

    Triangle Shirtwaist Company fire
    Fire in a factory in New York City where 160 women died.
  • Standard Oil Antitrust Act

    Standard Oil Antitrust Act
    Roosevelt goes after Standard Oil for their bad business techniques.
  • William Howard Taft win nomination

    William Howard Taft win nomination
    William Taft wins the republican presidential nomination.
  • Wilson defeats Taft

    Wilson defeats Taft
    Wilson defeated Taft to become the 28th President of the United States.
  • Seventeenth Amendment

    Seventeenth Amendment
    The Seventeenth Amendment was added to the United States constitution.
  • Sixteenth Amendment

    Sixteenth Amendment
    Gave congress the authority to levy an incme tax without basing it on the Census.
  • Federal Reserve Act

    Federal Reserve Act
    Set up the Federal Reserve system and the Central Banking system for the United States.
  • Clayton Anti-Trust Act

    Clayton Anti-Trust Act
    Law to prevent anticompetitive business tactics. Made it so companies couldn't make deals to put others out of business.
  • Council of National Defense Created

    Organization created to coordinate resources and industry during World War One.
  • Jones Act

    Jones Act
    Act saying that the United States would grant the Phillipines its independence when it is able to install a stable government.
  • Warehouse Act

    Warehouse Act
    Allowed federal reserve banks to give loans to farmers and took some of the farmers crops as collateral.
  • Federal Farm Loan Act

    Federal Farm Loan Act
    This law increased credit for rural farmers.
  • Workingmen's Compensation Act

    Workingmen's Compensation Act
    Set up a protection program for families in the case of injury or death of a worker.
  • Sussex Ultimatium and Pledge

    Sussex Ultimatium and Pledge
    President Wilson made an ultimatium to Germany saying if they continued submarine warfare that the United States would cut off ties with them. Germany pledged to do this.
  • Adamson Act

    Adamson Act
    Law passed that established an 8 hour work day.
  • Wilson Wins

    Wilson Wins
    Woodrow Wilson wins the 1916 election and starts his second term as president.
  • Zimmerman Note

    Germany sent a note to the Mexican government urging them to go to war with the United States, but it was intercepted.
  • United States Enters WWI

    United States Enters WWI
    The United States could no longer stay neutral and entered the war in Europe to "keep the world safe for democracy."
  • Espionage Act of 1917

    Espionage Act of 1917
    Prohibited any attempt to interfere with U.S. military operations.
  • Virgin islands

    Virgin islands
    The United States buys the Virin Islands from Denmark.
  • Zimmerman Note

    Zimmerman Note
    The German's sent Mexico a note urging them to go to war with the United States to keep us from entering the war inEurope. However, this note was intercepted and Mexico never declared war.
  • Wilson gives 14 Points Speech

    Wilson gives 14 Points Speech
    President Wilson gives a speech in which he outlines the 14 points in which he plans to accomplish during and after the war. He was the first one to publicly announce war plans.
  • Sedition Act of 1918

    Sedition Act of 1918
    Law forbiding anyone from speaking bad about the government, government officials, or the war. They could be put in jail if they did.
  • 19th Amendment Passed

    19th Amendment Passed
    The United States congress ratified the 19th amendment to the US constitution giving all women the right to vote.
  • Armistice Ends World War One

    Armistice Ends World War One
    The war ends on the 11th minute of the 11th hour of the 11th day of the 11th month.
  • 18th Amendment Passed

    18th Amendment Passed
    The 18th amendment was passed by congress banning the consumption and sell of alcohol.
  • Volstead Act

    Volstead Act
    Law passed that enjorced the 18th amendment.
  • Harding defeats Cox

    Harding defeats Cox
    Warren Harding defeats Cox to become the next president of the United States.
  • United States recognnize the Soviet Union

    United States recognnize the Soviet Union
    The United States became the first nation to recognize Stalin's Soviet Union. This was in an attempt to become friendly with them and to bolster United States trading.
  • Reciprocal Trade Agreements Act

    Reciprocal Trade Agreements Act
    The Reciprocal Tade Agreements Act lowered American tariffs. President Roosevelt then worked with other nations to lower their tarrifs and start trading policies.
  • Tydings-McDuffie Act

    Tydings-McDuffie Act
    This act declared the the Phillipines would have their independence as soon as they had a constitution and stable government. The United States could keep their naval bases, but had to abandon their other military bases.
  • U.S. Neutrality Act of 1935

    U.S. Neutrality Act of 1935
    An embargo on weapons and war materials to all nations in war. Also people traveling on warring ships traveled at their own risk.
  • Hitler Siezes Austria

    Hitler Siezes Austria
    Hitler sends his troops into Austria, is home country, and gives the people a vote whether or not they want to become part of Germany. They vote overwhelmingly yes and Hitler adds Austria under his control.
  • Munich Conference

    Munich Conference
    The Munich conference was an attempt to stop Hitler. Britain and France told him to stop taking over nations. He promised to stop, but lied and continued doing what he wanted.
  • Nazi-Soviet Pact

    Nazi-Soviet Pact
    Hitler's Nazi Germany and Stalin's Soviet Union make a pact not to attack one another. They also decide to divide Poland and take each half for themselves.
  • Hitler attacks Poland

    Hitler attacks Poland
    Hitler's invasion of Poland marks the beginning of World War II because Britain and France soon declare war on Germany because they attacked Poland.
  • U.S. Neutrality Act of 1939

    U.S. Neutrality Act of 1939
    This act lifted the arms embargo and allowed the United States to trade weapons with warring nations. However, they could only trade on a cash and carry basis. This meant that the nation buying the weapons had to pay upfront and had to provide transportation for the weapons themselves.
  • Fall of France

    Fall of France
    Hitler and Germany see right through the French defenses and find the weak point. Germany's massive army blitz attacks the French and forces the French military to retreat to the English Canal. Since it happened so fast the Germany army had to stop and resupply, allowing Britain just enough time to rescue the French military and stop what would have been a slaughter.