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1775 Lexington and Concord-Ratification of the Constitution 1789

  • Lexington and Concord

    Lexington and Concord
    The battles of Lexington and Concord kicked off the revouliton between the British and the Americans. British governor Thomas Gage sent troops to Concord to crush the colonist, whom were loading arms. The next day, the first shots were fired in Lexington, starting the war. The battles resulted in a British retreat to Boston.
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    American Revolution

  • Bunker Hill

    Bunker Hill
    3,000 troops attack american fortifications, on Breed's Hill and Bunker Hill, after three assults and 1,000 casualties the British dislodge the patriots.
  • Olive Branch Petition

    Olive Branch Petition
    The Continental Congress sends King George III a "Olive Branch Petition," written by John Dickinson. The petition reasserts American loyalty to the crown and appeals directly to King George III,
  • Proclamation for Suppression Rebellion and Sedition

    Proclamation for Suppression Rebellion and Sedition
    King George III issues a "Proclamation for Suppressing Rebellion and Sedition" which condemns the rebellion in the North American colonies and declares that all officers, are to suppress such rebellion, and to bring the traitors to justice.
  • Dunmore's Proclamation

    Dunmore's Proclamation
    Lord Dunmore, the Royal Governor of Virginia, issues a proclamation guaranteeing freedom to any slaves or servants in the colony who will leave their masters and bear arms against the white colonists of the rebellion. Some 300 slaves respond, and half of them are women and children.
  • Common Sense

    Common Sense
    Thomas Paine publishes his radical pamphlet, Common Sense, advocating independence for America and an immediate end to all ties with Britain.
  • Second Continental Congress

    Second Continental Congress
    The Second Continental Congress convenes at Philadelphia. In defense of american liberty the continental army is formed, and washington is elected to lead it.
  • Decleration of Independence

    Decleration of Independence
    Written by Thomas Jefferson, employing the ideas of the European Enlightment, and self-evident truths, the patriots officialy for the first time declare independence from Britian.
  • Battle of Long Island

    Battle of Long Island
    General Howe landed 32,000 troops- British regularrs and German mercenaries- outside NewYork City. Defeating the Americans and forcing their retreat to Manhattan island.Their Howe flanked Washington's troops causing their retrat across the Hudson River into New Jersey. By december, the British pushed them across New Jersey and over the Deleware into Pennsylvania.
  • Attack of Philadelphia

    Attack of Philadelphia
    General Howe decided to attack Philadelphia, home of the Continental Congress, Howe sailed up the Chesapeake Bay, and attacked from the south. Howe's troops easily outflanked the Americans, and by the end of September Howe's troops marched through Philadelphia, but the Continental Congress managed to escape.
  • Saratoga

    Turning point of the American Revolution. It was very important because it convinced the French to give the U.S. military support. It lifted American spirits, ended the British threat in New England by taking control of the Hudson River, and, most importantly, showed the French that the Americans had the potential to beat their enemy, Great Britian
  • Valley Forge

    Valley Forge
    Wahington sets up the army in Valley Forge for the winter, more than 200 officers resigned and 1,000 hungry soliders deserted and 3,000 died.
  • Baron von Steuben

    Baron von Steuben
    A former Prussian millitary officer, raised the readiness of the troops, and taught them tactis and drills, made them a more professional army. He also solved their food problem, by taking people's food for the army, and later repaying them for what they took.
  • Treaty of Alliance

    Treaty of Alliance
    France alligns with the Continental army after hearing new of their victory at Saratoga, and neither would sign a seperate peace without the, liberity, sovereignty, and idependence of the United States. In return the United states agreed to recognize any french conquest in the West Indies.
  • Britain's Southern Strategy

    Britain's Southern Strategy
    Britain changed its strategy and decided to capture the rich tabbaco and rice growing colonies in the south, by doing so weakend the patriots.
  • Savannah Georgia

    Savannah Georgia
    Sir Henry Clinton launched a seaborne attack on Savannah, led by Colonel Campbell, capturing the town.
  • Augusta

    Campbell moved inward, and captured Augusta, by the year's end Clinton and local loyalist controlled the costal Georgia, and prepared for an attack on South Carolina
  • Philipsburg Proclamation

    Philipsburg Proclamation
    Any slave that can escape their masters and make it behind British lines, would be given freedom, protection, and land. The proclamation led 30,000 slaves to British lines.
  • Charleston and South Carolina

    Charleston and South Carolina
    British forces marched from victory to victory capturing, charleston, and South Carolina, and its garrison of 5,000 troops.
  • Lord Charles Cornwallis

    Lord Charles Cornwallis
    Lord Charles Cornwallis assumed control of the British forces and, at Camden, defeated an Americanforce commanded by General Horatio Gates, the hero of Saratoga. Only 1,200 patriot militiamen joined Gates at Camded,a fifth of the number at Saratoga.Cornwallis took control of Sout Carolina and hundreds of African Americans fled to freedom behind British lines. The southern Strategy was working
  • French Reinforcements

    French Reinforcements
    Marquis de Lafayette persuades King Louis the XVI to send General Rochambeau and 5,500 men to Rhode Island. There they threaten the British troops holding NYC.
  • Guerilla Warfare in the Carolinas

    Guerilla Warfare in the Carolinas
    Nathanael Greene gathers militamen, who were addicted to plundering and releases them onto the British forces. Defeating a regiment of Loyalist at King's Mountain,South Carolina, taking about one thousand prisoners.
  • Cowpens, South Carolina

    Cowpens, South Carolina
    General Greene fought Cornwallis's army to a draw at North Carolina's Guilford Court House.
  • Heading to Yorktown

    Heading to Yorktown
    Cornwallis, traitor Benedict Arnold, Washington, Greene, and the french by see, all headed to Yorktown. Washington and the French heading to Yorktown in secreate to end the war.
  • Yorktown

    Cornwallis surronded by the french and American forces 2 to 1 by land and sea. Cornwallis surrenders.
  • The Treaty of Paris

    The Treaty of Paris
    Great Britain formely recognized American Independence and relinquished control of the Great Lakes and east of the Missippi River.
  • Virgina Plan

    Virgina Plan
    A scheme for powerful national goverment devised by James Madison.
  • The Constitution of 1787

    The Constitution of 1787
    Extended republicanism by adding another level of goverment elected by the people. In the new tow-level political federation created by the goverment would excerse limted, delegated powers, and the exsisting state goverments would retain authority over all matters.
  • New Jersey Plan

    New Jersey Plan
    Gave the Confederation the power to raise revenues, control commerce, and make binding requisitions on the states.
  • Ratification of the Constititution

    Ratification of the Constititution
    When a bill of rights was proposed in Congress in 1789, North Carolina ratified the Constitution. Finally, Rhode Island, which had rejected the Constitution in March 1788 by popular referendum, called a ratifying convention in 1790 as specified by the Constitutional Convention.