The Effects of Industrialization On Politics and Citizenship

  • Restriction of Citizenship

    Restriction of Citizenship
    Starting in the 1880s, the labor unions aggressively promoted restrictions on immigration, especially restrictions on Chinese and other Asians. The basic fear was that large numbers of unskilled, low-paid workers would defeat the union's efforts to raise wages through collective bargaining. By the early 1920s the consensus had been reached and that the total influx of immigration had to be restricted, and a series of laws in the 1920s accomplish that purpose.
  • Laissez-Faire

    Legislations such as the Sherman Anti-Trust Act led to greater government involvement in business regulations than had been the case under the laissez-faire, or "hands-off" approach.
  • Women's Rights

    Women's Rights
    The National American Woman Suffrage Association (NAWSA) was an American women's rights organization formed in May 1890. Susan B. Anthony was a leading figure. Suffragettes wanted equal vote for both men an women, and protested against taxation without representation.
  • McKinley Tariff

    McKinley Tariff
    The Tariff Act of 1890, commonly called the McKinley Tariff, was an act framed by Representative William McKinley that became law on October 1, 1890. The tariff raised the average duty on imports to almost fifty percent, an act designed to protect domestic industries from foreign competition. Protectionism, a tactic supported by Republicans, was fiercely debated by politicians and condemned by Democrats.
  • Pullman Strike

    Pullman Strike
    The Pullman Strike was a nationwide conflict between labor unions and railroads that occured in the United States in 1894. The conflict began in the town of Pullman, Illinois on May 11 when approximately 3,000 employees of the Pullman Palace Car Company began a wildcat strike in response to recent reductions in wages, bringing traffic west of Chicago to a halt.
  • Yellow Journalism

    Yellow Journalism
    Joseph Pulitzer's New York World publishes the "Yellow Kid" which became the symbol for yellow journalism, which presents little to no legitimate researched news and instead used eye-catching headlines. Some of the techniques used may have been exaggerations of news events, scandal-mongering, or sensationalism.
  • Tammany Hall

    Tammany Hall
    Tammany Hall, was a New York political organization founded in 1786 and incorporated on May 12, 1789 as the Tammany Society. It was the Democratic Party political machine that played a major role in controlling New York City politics and helping immigrants, most notably the Irish, rise up in American politics from the 1790s to the 1960s.
  • The "Trust-Buster"

    The "Trust-Buster"
    Theodore "Teddy" Roosevelt was the 26th President of the United States. When he gained office, he earned his reputation of a "Trust-Buster", busting large corporations such as John D. Rockefeller's Standard Oil and J.P. Morgan's Northern Securities Company, a huge railroad combination.
  • Muller vs Oregon

    Muller vs Oregon
    A law suit is filed against Curt Miller, the owner of a laundry business, after making a female employee work for more than 10-hours in a day. The Supreme Court justifies both sex discrimination and usage of labor laws, establishing that it is necessary to protect women in the workplace.
  • New President

    New President
    WIlliam Howard Taft is inaugurated the 27th President of the United States, though he did apprentice under Roosevelt, that is where the similiarity ends; they are known to be exact opposites of each other. He carries on many of Roosevelt's business reforms.