Hewan Mesmer's Oceanography Timeline

By hewanm
  • Feb 4, 1450

    Prince Henry

    Prince Henry
    In 1450, Prince Henry the navagator who came from Portugal had began with teaching astronomy /navigation. This had taught many other explorers which gave them to want to go further, and have a passion to study oceanography.
  • Feb 4, 1492

    Columbus Sailed the Ocean Blue

    Columbus Sailed the Ocean Blue
    In 1492, Columbus sails the Ocean blue because he was hired as a sailor the King and Queen. Christopher went on a voyage around the world and lands on the west indies which he had founded.
  • Mar 4, 1521

    Megellen Travels the World

    Megellen Travels the World
    In 1521, Ferdinand Megellan, and his five ships had sailed on an expedition to travel and navigate the world. Megellan was killed and eaten in the Phillipines. However, the rest of the crew proceeded on with the voyage across the world, which ended in 1522.
  • Feb 4, 1530

    Issac Newton

    Issac Newton
    1687 A.D
    Issac Newton, one of the many great scientist of all time. He has had a major influence on physics, astronomy, and mathematics. Newton, created a theory which was "The law of gravity" and "law of tides". His theory explains how the oceans and outerspace work.
  • John Harrison invents Conometer

    John Harrison invents Conometer
    1735- 1761 A.D,
    John Harrison was a self educated clock maker. He had invented the first marine Conometer clock. This clock was a high tec watch that was created for accurate time for the sea. It was created because of how similar the bodies of water look in the ocean, which created confusion. This helped to keep accurate time and create .

    First Ship - THE  HMS CHALLENGER
    The challenger was the first ship to sail, and to get a depth of the deepest part of the oceans. The ship would run on coal and was able to stay out for long distances. This ship could collect deep water samples (4 thousand meter depths) for long distances. They would also find new creatures.

    The SCRIPPS Institution of Oceanography was founded in 1901, and in 1912 became a part of the University of California. Today it is one of the oldest and largest places for ocean research /science.
  • Nations Come Together; Study Oceanography

    Nations Come Together; Study Oceanography
    In 1902, countries began to come together to form exploration of seas. Multinations say its important to do Oceanography to know what is below the surface of land and what is going on in the water. (Germany, Russia, Great Britain, Poland, Scandinavia)
  • ICES

    In 1902 the Intervention council for the exploration of seas (ICES) began coordinating and promoting marine research in the North Atlantic.

    Television Infrared Observation System, 1978. It Was a coastal zone color scanner that would detect radiant energy from chlorophyll in the sea. Also the health of the marine and the relationship to the chemistry of oceans.

    The United States Joint Global Ocean Flux Study was created in 1989 as a part of the Global Ocean Data Analysis Project. JGOFS is used to track the relationship between ocean plant production and solar radiation.

    The Global Ocean Atmosphere-Land System ,in 1994, was to study the energy and transfer between the atmosphere and the three tropical oceans. It was to better understand El Nino and the effects that are on the planet.
  • GOOS

    The Global Ocean Observing System included satellites, buoy networks, and research vessels. The main goal was to understand the ocean climate and to have more accurate predictions of tempertures.
  • The First Voyage 3200 B.C.

    The First Voyage 3200 B.C.
    In 3200 BC, the first Egyptians see voyage were they used the Phoenicians invention by creating the very first sea voyage. There were approximately 40 ships that were used for this voyage.
  • 5000 B.C Phoenicians

    5000 B.C Phoenicians
    in 5000 B.C the phonenicians were people from the Mediterranean coast. They were the first ones to create the first boats, first copper fish hooks, and also creating a navy that navigated on the Mediterranean Sea.