The Stock Market Of 1929The Great Depression begins- because it is a worldwide event- and has many different days of beginning.
1930'sBy 1930, mass unemployment and economic
depression led to bitter poverty in Germany,
Britain, Japan, Italy, and the United States, as
well as other countries around the world.
1936 Berlin Olympics–Interview with Jesse OwensIn 1936, Germany hosted the
summer Olympics in Berlin. Hitler had
ordered a huge propaganda campaign
claiming that Aryan superiority would win
the games for the Nordic countries. After
debating whether to support Olympic
games hosted by the Nazi regime, the United
States agreed to participate, sending a team
of athletes which included eighteen African
Violence breaks outviolence aimed specifically at the Jews broke out
in the streets of the Third Reich. Police and many
German civilians stood by while Nazi mobs
destroyed thousands of synagogues and Jewish
businesses and homes. This night came to be
called Kristallnacht, the “Night of Broken Glass,”
for the shattered glass from the store windows that
littered the streets.
Urgent Telegram from Munich to All Political Police Headquarters and StationsThe local political authorities are to be informed
that the German police have received from the
Reichsfeuhrer SS and the Chief of the German
police the following orders to which the actions
of the political authorities should be
1939German tanks rolled into Poland.
Prompted by the invasion of Poland, Britain
and France declared war on Germany.
War Against Japan“Yesterday, December 7, 1941, a date which will
live in infamy—the United States of America was
suddenly and deliberately attacked by naval and
air forces of the Empire of Japan" said Franklin D. Roosevelt’s during his speech to congress.
War Production Boardone month after the United
States joined World War II, Congress created the
War Production Board (WPB). This agency
oversaw the conversion of industrial production
from peace time to the requirements of war time.
D-DAYDespite this successful
subterfuge, the Allies still encountered stiff
resistance from the Germans when they landed
at a series of points farther east along the
Nuremberg War Crimes trials beginOn this day in 1945, a series of trials of accused Nazi war criminals, conducted by a U.S., French, and Soviet military tribunal based in Nuremberg, Germany, begins. Twenty-four former Nazi officials were tried, and when it was all over, one year later, half would be sentenced to death by hanging.