Torpedoes-Invented by Robert Whitehead
-Torpedoes are explosive missiles launched from submarines
-Used during WWI and WWII to sink enemy ships
Machine Gun-Invented by Hiram Maxim
-Used during WWI
-Somtimes used as defense to attack planes
Smokeless Power-Invented by Paul Vieille
-He called it Poudre B
-This powder created little smoke when the gun was fired
-Also increased accuracy of gun
The Zeppelin-First flew in 1900
-Used during WWI to bomb cities
-Created by Ferdinand von Zeppelin
Plane-Invented by Wilbur and Orville Wright in 1903
-Eventually used during WWI and WWII by spies
-Also used to bomb and gun down enemies
U-boat-1906 is the year Germany issued the first u-boat to its fleet
-These boats were used to sink enemy mechant ships
-These were used in WWI and WWII
Trench Warfare-Holes were dug in the ground and tunnels were made that connected to each other.
-Sandbags were placed in front of the trench to stop erosion
-Underground dugouts were made
-In between trenches was called No Man's Land
Weapons of War
Tear Gas Grenades-The French were the first to use the Tear Gas Grenades.
-They used the gas against the Germans.
- Would blind the victim
Railroad Guns-In 1915, Fritz Rausenberger had successfully mated several modified naval gun designs with railroad mountings to develop the first in a series of long-range railroad guns.
-This is significant to WW1 because these were deloyed as part of the enormous artillery forces (over 1,220 guns) arrayed against Verdun.
-On February 21, 1916 these weapons broadcasted to the German Offensive.
Tear Gas-Germans first used tear gas against the French on the Eastern Front.
Poison Gas-The first poison gas (chlorie) was made and used in the 2nd Battle of Ypres.
-Inhaling the chlorie would destroy the victim's respiratory organs, bringing on choking attack.
Flammenwerfer-The German used the portable Flammenwerfer.
-It had a cylinder tube that was carried on the back of a soilder and had a lit hand held nozzle that was attached .
Tank-Utilized during WWI
-Was first used by the British Army in combat .
-The Tank was used a front-line defence.
-Used to mobilize troops
-Also used to cross no man's land to enemy territory
Mustard Gas-Mustard Gas was first used by the Germans againast the Russians.
-Mustard Gas caused blisters internally and externally.