WW2 and The Cold War

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    Anti-Semitism

    Prejudice against Jews/The hatred of Jews. It all started back with the Romans and Christians when Jews were accused of killing Jesus.
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    Propaganda

    Info used as a form of advertisement or campaign to influence/sway your audience to support your beliefs that you are portraying.
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    Capitalism

    An economic system based on the private ownership that creates a production for profit. Traits to this type of system include; "private property, capital accumulation, wage labor, voluntary exchange, a price system, and competitive markets"
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    Communism

    A "philosophical, social, political, and economic ideology and movement" that portrayed the goal of a communist society that promotes the idea of economic equality.
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    Civil liberties

    Someones' personal guarantee of freedom that the government can't deny either by the law or by the judicial interpretation.
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    Winston Churchill

    He was a British politician, army officer, and a writer. When he led Britain to success in World War II in 1940-1945 and 1951-1955, he was the Prime Minister of the United Kingdom.
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    Franklin D. Roosevelt

    Also known as FDR, he was an American statesman and political leader who was the 32nd president of the United States from 1933 to 1945 until he died.
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    Adolf Hitler

    As a German politician and leader of the Nazi party, he got power as Chancellor of Germany that helped his progress in tyranny /dictatorship in his mission to eliminate all Jews. Besides that, he started World War II by invading Poland on September 1, 1939.
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    Charles Lindbergh

    He was an American aviator, a military officer, an author, an inventor, and an activist. In 1927 at the age of 25, he won the Orteig Prize for making a nonstop flight from New York to Paris, sparking his new fame.
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    Joseph McCarthy

    An American politician who was the Republican U.S Senator from 1947 to 1957, when he died, in the state of Wisconsin. He used his intimidation to get his current power and was able to degrade peoples' reputation and make them lose their jobs.
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    The Red Scare

    The promotion of widely spread fear because of the possibility of a growing communist society. Red Scare represents the communists' red flags and is commonly used to refer to two periods in history.
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    John F. Kennedy

    Also known as JFK and Jack, he was an American politician who was the 35th president of the United States from January 1961 to November 1963, until his assassination.
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    The Nazi Party

    Known as The National Socialist German Workers' Party, it was a political party in German between 1920 to 1945 that encouraged the ideal of National Socialism.
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    Betty Friedman

    An American feminist writer and an activist. She was a role model in the women's movement and her book 'The Feminine Mystique' influenced the second wave of American feminism in the 20th century.
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    Conformity

    The act of matching your society; fitting in with the norms. Commonly, people conform with a desire of age, culture, religion, or educational status.
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    Mass consumerism

    The mass production of goods, leading to an increase in promotions and advertisements so that a large number of people would purchase these items/consume them.
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    Isolationism

    The policy of isolating a country from others by taking away alliances, commitments, agreements and more. It's used to help better benefit one's community.
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    Third Reich

    It was the official Nazi designation for the government in Germany from January 1933 to May 1945. It's the successor of the First Reich in the Holy Roman Empire (800-1806) and the Second Reich in the German Empire (1871-1918).
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    Concentration camps

    An internment centers held with prisoners who are there for security, punishment, exploit, or going against the interests. Like Nazi concentration camps, where they took Jews into an isolated area and tortured them, except this was for the belief of antisemitism and satisfaction.
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    Appeasement

    A political term to make compromises with a violent power to prevent future issues/conflicts.
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    HUAC

    Known as The House Un-American Activities Committee/ House Committee on Un-American Activities, it was an investigative committee made in 1938 to look for disloyal activities being done in the society on the party of private citizens, public employees, those being suspected were thought to be Communists.
  • The St. Louis

    The St. Louis
    In the largest city in Missouri, it was a busy river port on the Mississippi River. It was a useful staging area for wagon trains westward during the 19th century.
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    Mutually Assured Destruction (MAD)

    A doctrine of military strategy and national security policies where the usage of nuclear weapons by both sides will cause the destruction of both rivals.
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    McCarthyism

    The practice of making judgment/accusing something or someone without full evidence. This relates back to Joseph McCarthy and the origins based on the Red Scare from the late 1940s to the 1950s.
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    The Holocaust

    Also known as the Shoah, it was the genocide of Jews during World War II where Nazi Germany gruesomely systematically murdered millions of Jews.
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    The Final Solution

    As a solution to the Jewish question, the final solution consisted of the decision to murder/eliminate all Jews.
  • Pearl Harbor

    Pearl Harbor
    A naval base and headquarters for the United States' Pacific Fleet in the Honolulu county in the southern Oahu island, Hawaii. It experienced a shocking attack from the Japanese air forces of December 7, 1941, which did make the U.S decided to finally participate in World War II.
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    Executive Order 9066

    A presidential executive order signed and encouraged during World War II by Franklin D. Roosevelt to accept Japanese relocation/ internment of anyone with Japanese ancestry.
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    American home front

    The American home front helped with the war effort by having volunteer efforts and submitting to the rationing and price controls managed by the government. They thought the sacrifices were for the good of the nation.
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    Internment

    Internment means putting a person is a type of punishment such as in a prison or detention specifically during the war. In World War II, the American government put any citizens with Japanese ancestry in internment camps for fear of disloyalty.
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    War Refugee Board

    Made by Franklin D. Roosevelt in January 1944, was an agency used to help civilians who were impacted by the Axis powers.
  • D-Day

    D-Day
    D-Day was the day where the mission to free western Europe from Nazi Germany was in motion. It was during World War II on June 6, 1944, which was also the day of Normandy Landings.
  • Korematsu v. United States

    Korematsu v. United States
    A landmarked United States Supreme Court case that established the internment of any people with Japanese ancestry during World War II.
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    The United Nations

    An international organization made in 1945 after World War II. It was made with the help of 51 countries to promote the idea of a solution with international problems without the need for fighting or violence.
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    The Nuremberg Trials

    A series of military tribunals after World War II held by the Allied forces. It put Nazis on trial for crimes such as against peace, war crimes, and crimes against humanity. The eleven trials were held from 1946 to 1949.
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    Nuclear warfare

    A military/political method or issue where the usage of nuclear weapons is enacted to destroy the enemy.
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    The Yalta Conference

    Also known as the Crimea Conference and codenamed the Argonaut Conference held from February 4 to 11, 1945. It was a meeting with the head of the U.S, the U.K and the Soviet Union to make plans on the postwar of Germany and Europe.
  • VE Day

    VE Day
    Known also as Victory in Europe Day, it's a day where they celebrated the acceptance by the Allies of World War II of Nazi Germany's unconditional surrender of their armed forces of May 8, 1945.
  • The atomic bomb

    The atomic bomb
    Also known as atomic bomb, it's a weapon with great explosive power that causes the release of energy from the splitting or fission of the nuclei of a heavy element. This powerful tool was used to make Japan surrender and to ultimately end World War II.
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    Truman Doctrine

    An American foreign policy that had the purpose to prevent the Soviet Unions' expansion throughout the Cold War. It is the policy for the United States to support people resisting subjugation from the outside.
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    Containment

    A United States policy that used multiple methods to stop communism. Part of the Cold War, this was a reaction to the things done by the Soviet Union to expand their influence.
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    Levittown

    Seven large suburban housing developments built after World War II for those returning veterans and families. It was a conformed community yet it still did somewhat provide opportunities.
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    Israel

    Origin in the Zionism movement, it was established in the late 19th century by Jews in the Russian Empire who wanted to be able to make a Jewish state after their sufferings from past events.
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    Marshall Plan

    An American initiative passed in 1948 to help western Europe, who was given above 12 billion dollars in economic assistance to help fix their economies after the end of World War II
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    NATO

    Also known as the North Atlantic Treaty Organization, it is an alliance of 28 countries boarding the North Atlantic Ocean. These countries include the United States, most Europen Union members, Canada, and Turkey.
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    The Korean War

    A war that was between North Korea and South Korea. It began on June 25, 1950, when North Korea invaded South Korea, continuing on from other confrontations on the border.
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    NASA

    Also known as National Aeronautics and Space Administration, it resulted from the space race between the USA and the Soviet Union in the 1950s, it was made on October 1, 1958, from NACA, also known as National Advisory Committee for Aeronautics made in 1915. It's in control of the U.S technologies and science relating to airforces or space.
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    The Cuban Missile Crisis

    Also known as the October Crisis of 1962, the Caribbean Crisis, and the Missile Scare, it was a confrontation that lasted 13 days between the Soviet Union and the United States that started from discovering the Soviet's missile deployment in Cuba.
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    Civil Rights

    A class of rights that defend someones' freedom from the breaking of the law from the governments, organizations, or private citizens. They ensure an individual title to which they have access to participate in the civil or political life without being judged.
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    Xenophobia

    The fear or hate of any concept that seems to be foreign or out of the 'normal'.