Western Civilization 1550-1783

  • Period: Feb 19, 1473 to May 24, 1543

    Nicolaus Copernicus

    Fundamental Scientific Revolutionist. Born February 19, 1473 Copernicus was a trained doctors and ground breaking astronomer. Copernicus enrolled in the University of Cracow, which he began to study mathematics and painting. Copernicus went on past his studies to have a very successful life to include multiple discoveries pertaining to astronomy. He would pass away in Frombork, Poland on May 24, 1543.
  • 1543

    Da Revolutionibus

    Da Revolutionibus
    Scientific Revolution. This book was published at the time of its authors death, Nicolaus Copernicus.The book explains the heliocentric theory, stating that the earth rotates on a axle and that the earth orbits around the sun. This theory was incredibly controversial to the strict catholic church.
  • 1561

    Sir Francis Bacon

    Sir Francis Bacon
    Enlightenment Thinker.
    Event intended for picture use only.
  • Period: Jan 22, 1561 to

    Sir Francis Bacon

    Enlightenment thinker. Considered the Father of Empiricism, used inductive reasoning. Had strong beliefs in the advancement of man kind and industry. Developed the Baconian Method, this method was the ground work of what would become the scientific method. Bacon would publish a few books explaining his reasoning and his methods.
  • Feb 15, 1564

    Galileo Galilei

    Galileo Galilei
    Scientific Revolution. A philosopher, scientist, and mathematician. Galilei was formally taught formally at the University of Pisa in Italy. Galilei was a well noted intellectual mind of the Enlightenment, a few of his note worthy published works include The Starry Messenger, Discourse on Bodies in Water, and Two New Sciences. Galilei had three children in the early 1600s. Galilei faced many issues from the church on his scientific thoughts. He would die at the age of 77 on January 8th 1642.
  • Period: Feb 15, 1564 to

    Galileo Galilei

    Scientific Revolution. Galileo Galilei was a philosopher, scientist, and mathematician. Galilei was formally taught formally at the University of Pisa in Italy. Galilei was a well noted intellectual mind of the Enlightenment, a few of his note worthy published works include The Starry Messenger, Discourse on Bodies in Water, and Two New Sciences. Galilei had three children in the early 1600s. Galilei faced many issues from the church on his scientific thoughts. He would died on January 8th 1642.
  • Galileo Telescope

    Galileo Telescope
    Scientific Revolutionist.Galileo Galilei creates his telescopes to observe astral bodies.
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    John Locke

    Age of Enlightenment. English doctor and philosopher, commonly referd to as the father of liberalism. Not to be confused with current day liberalism. 1689 Two Treatises of Government stating the governed have the right to life, liberty, and property. Beyond this great idea; Locke had great interest in epistemology which is pursuing logical discourse. Locke also believed in a God.
  • Trial of Galileo Galilei

    Trial of Galileo Galilei
    Scientific Revolution.Upon observing three moons orbiting Jupiter, Galileo stated that the Earth simply could not be the center of the universe. This statement is considered heresy against the Bible and would not be tolerated by the catholic church.1632 the church charged him and put Galileo on trial. Being at the latter stage of Galileo's life, wishing not to burn at the stake he recanted his statement. In conclusion the church allowed him to live the remainder of his days on house arrest.
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    Isaac Newton

    Scientific Revolution, and The Enlightenment. Newton was born to a working class family, was a very bright young man so he attended the University of Cambridge. Most famously known for his works in physics pertaining to the laws of gravity. Following this Newton would serve in Parliament. Following his stent in London he went on to study alchemy and more fringe sciences. Newton would live 80 years and would die a very rich man. Which was uncommon for most philosophers of the time.
  • John Locke

    John Locke
    Age of Enlightenment
    Event intended for picture use only.
  • Philosophæ Naturalis Principia Mathematica

    Philosophæ Naturalis Principia Mathematica
    Published in 1687 in Latin, this work of Isaac Newton would state his laws of gravity and how the natural world likely works.
    Scientific Revolution
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    King Louis XV

    Beginning of French Revolution. One of the longest serving monarchs of European history, after of course his father Louis XIV. King Louis would get France involved in the Austrian Succession war, which would result in high war debt and the beginning of the French citizens distrusts for the royal family. King Louis XV would also go to war with Britain in the Seven Years War, ultimately defining his fate with the French citizens.
  • French and Indian War

    French and Indian War
    American Revolution.
    Event intended for picture use only.
  • King Louis XVI of France

    King Louis XVI of France
    French Revolution.
    Event intended for picture use only.
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    The French & Indian War (Seven Years War)

    American Revolution. This war should be considered the first world war, fought out in multiple continents. Although a large scale war, this war was fought primarily in North American between the English and French. The war started mainly because of colonist yearning to expand westward into occupied French and Indian territory. Great Britain would ultimately win the war but at great financial cost. And the financial burden would be passed onto the colonies of North America causing disdain.
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    King Louis XVI of France and King Louis of the French

    King Louis XVI would succeed King Louis XV in 1791. He inherited a very irritated French populous that had enough of monarchs ruling without restriction. King L. XVI would Marry Marie Antoinette of Hapsburg Austria. The French people hated this and wanted to do away with Louis. King L and his family would try to flee France under bad circumstances; ultimately caught trying to cross a boarder and were brought back to Paris to stand trial. Found guilty of treason and executed.
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    American colonies disdain for Great Britain

    American Rev. Following the French and Indian War, GB(Great Britain) had amassed a large amount of war debt. GB turned to its North American colonies to pay this debt. Taxation without representation is a key grievance the colonies took up. The Colonies believe their burden of war debt was unwarranted, during this time the colonist were not thinking of revolution- just simply wanted equal representation in parliament. Without representation things would spoil soon between the two societies.
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    American Revolution

    This revolution began long before the signing of the Deceleration of Independence. Although fighting would not break out until the skirmishes of Lexington and Concord, the concept of separating from Great Britain festered in patriotic colonists. The result of this war would be a united thirteen colonies, which would for the foundation of the United States.
  • The Boston Massacre

    The Boston Massacre
    American Revolution. Samuel Adams organized a protest in Boston on a cold New England day. Several British soldiers were drilling in town square when several children began throwing stones at the soldiers. soon a fight broke out and the English soldiers opened fire on a seemingly "innocent" crowd resulting in 5 protesters deaths and a court case which would be later dismissed. The propaganda storm that would ensue would begin to burn patriotism into the American colonist.
  • The Tea Act of 1773 and The Boston Tea Party

    The Tea Act of 1773 and The Boston Tea Party
    American Revolution. The Tea Act was GB(Great Britain) way of trying to get the colonies to pay the war debt and buy tea from GB rather than smuggled tea from the Dutch. GB wanted to keep mercantilism funding the East India Company. In response to the taxation on tea, a few colonist went aboard English merchant ships a dumped the English tea into the Boston Harbor. This rebellion from the colonist would result in GB implementing the Intolerable Acts in 1774.
  • American Revolution

    American Revolution
    American Revolution
    Event intended for picture use only.
  • Eli Whitney and the Cotton Gin

    Eli Whitney and the Cotton Gin
    Industrial Revolution. Eli Whitney would apply for the use of a patent on his invention the cotton gin on October 28th, 1793. Ultimatly the patent would not be approved until 1807. Although Whitney and his invention would affect the cotton refining industry; and coincidentally affect slave trade to the young United States, drastically shaping a nation.