U.S.A vs. U.S.S.R

  • Nuclear Weapons Threat and Détente

    Nuclear Weapons Threat and Détente
    Once WW2 would end then the nuclear arms race would start. First it was U.S. being the only world power that had nuclear bombs when the war ended in 1945. Then a short 4 years later the USSR would have developed their nuclear bombs. This would begin the race to see who would have the better missiles. All of the world’s people lived in fear because they knew if one of those bombs was to be sent to bomb another country that the world would end in a nuclear doom. Both countries would try.
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    Nuclear Bomb and Detante continued
    countries would try and outdo the other and eventually it was about trying to convince the other not to launch their missile. Many treaties were signed between the U.S. and Soviet Union. These treaties include the limit of ABMs (anti-ballistic missiles). Ronald Reagan who was president during the 1990s would want to build a star wars missile and would be prohibited because of this ABM treaty. Another treaty they would both sign is the Strategic Arms Reduction Treaty (START). This is when t
  • NATO

    NATO
    NATO (North Atlantic Treaty Organization was born in 1949. It was a group of countries including the United States that had an agreement to help each other if one should be attacked. The Warsaw Pact, like the NATO, was a group of countries but this group included USSR and seven satellites in Europe. The main difference with these organizations is that the Warsaw Pact would also monitor their satellites. These groups would basically split up Europe into East and West blocs. East would be und
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    NATO continued
    and West blocs. East would be under the control of NATO and west belonged to the Warsaw Pact.
  • Communist Cuba and Missile Crisis

    Communist Cuba and Missile Crisis
    In the 1950’s Fidel Castro started an armed rebellion against the dictator who ruled Cuba. After leading his guerrilla army to victory by 1959, Castro began changing Cuba. During the Cuban Revolution Castro sought the support of the Soviet Union, and nationalized businesses, put most land under government control, and severely restricted Cubans’ political freedom. Many people fled to Florida, and critics of the new regime were jailed or silenced.
    The Bay of Pigs Invasion was John F. K
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    Communist Cuba and Missile Crisis continued
    ennedy and the US’s attempt to bring down the communist regime in 1961. The US trained Cuban exiles and sent them to the Bay of Pigs to invade Cuba. Castro’s forces captured the invaders and the US’s plan failed. At that time, The US imposed a trade embargo on Cuba, which remains in effect today.
    When the Soviet Union sent nuclear missiles to Cuba in 1962, President Kennedy’s response was a naval blockade, preventing further Soviet shipments. He also demanded that the Soviet Union remove its
  • Communists Cuba and Missile Crisis continued 2

    Communists Cuba and Missile Crisis continued 2
    nuclear missiles from Cuba, or the world would would be at risk of a nuclear war. Fortunately, Soviet Premier Nikita Khrushchev had the missiles removed, preventing a war.
  • Soviet Union Falls

    Soviet Union Falls
    The Soviet Union rebuilt its corrupt economy after World War II. The government pored money into the science and technology. In 1957 Sputnik(the first satellite) was launched. Food is not enough right now. bread lines are beginning to form once more in history. In 1979 The Soviet Union went into a long war with Afghanistan. But in the mid-1980’s America smuggles arms into Afghanistan. In 1985 a new leader named Mikhail Gorbachev was eager to rebuild this country. At home he called for a glasnost
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    Soviet Union Falls continued
    or openness. This made the people feel more free, but as the people talked they soon realized they weren’t alone in heir ideas for new government. At the end of 1991 the Soviet Union split into 12 independent nations. 69 years later the Soviet Union ceased t exist.
  • Chinese Cival War

    Chinese Cival War
    Chinese Civil War
    After WWII, Communists lead by Mao Zedong fought a civil war against China’s Nationalists and China came under the control of the Communists. The communists won the war, because they had the support of the peasants, and they captured Tibet in 1950. In the People’s Republic of China, Mao built a one-party totalitarian state. The communist government reshaped the economy and society, as well as other traditional Chinese beliefs. They also collectivized farms to increase pro
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    Chinese Civil War continued
    uctivity. Then from 1958 to 1960, Mao led a program called the Great Leap Forward. Mao wanted people to increase their farm and industrial output, but instead many people starved to death, and the program failed. Slowly, China recovered from the disaster, and in 1966 Mao launched the Cultural Revolution. The goal was to purge China of “bourgeois” tendencies. He wanted young Chinese to experience revolution firsthand. The bourgeois were attacked by the Red Guards, and as skilled workers and manag
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    Chinese Civil War continued 2
    ers were forced to leave their jobs and enter labor camps and rural farms, schools and factories closed, the economy slowed, and civil war threatened. The army finally restored order under Mao’s command.
  • Berlin Wall

    Berlin Wall
    Once Europe is separated into two separate sides it would then split right down the middle of Berlin, the capital of Germany. This wall would not only separate the country’s landscape but also its political views. The East went to the democracies after World War 1. The West on the other hand went solely to the USSR. This would split Europe into a democratic side and a communist side. This will be bad for Europe and cause a lot of fighting between which side is better.
  • Eastern European Independence

    Eastern European Independence
    In 1970 Hungary expanded its economy. Greater economic troubles caused more problems. Finally in 1988 and 1989 communists control was more open. The western borders with Australia were now open, and new political parties formed. in 1980 Poland’s economic hardships ignited strikes among shipyard workers. Led by Lech Walesa they started a group called Solidarity, and independent labor union. In 1989 when Austria opened their borders with Poland, East Germans fled through Austria and Hungary to Wes
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    Eastern European Independence continues
    through Austria and Hungary to West Germany. East Germany demanded change. Communist governments started falling everywhere, and countries were changing their command economy to market economies. In1992 Czechoslovakia peacefully agreed to spit into new nations of Slovakia and the Czech Republic.
  • Soviets in Afghanistan

    Soviets in Afghanistan
    1979- The Soviet Union was involved in a long war with Afghanistan.
    Soviets supported Afghan government and wanted to modernize the country. Afghan landlords who commanded army men as warlords saw this as a threat to their Islamic tradition.Fighting mujahedin (Muslim religious warriors) was difficult. Mid-1980’s The United State smuggled modern weapons to the mujahedin. This would cause major conflicts in Soviets at home.