US Homefront WWI

  • Women in the Labor Force

    The War and the need for labor created many new opportunities for women. Women were able to enter areas of public, commercial and industrial life that had previously been closed to them.
  • Food Administration established

    Wilson established the Food Administration in 1917, which advised Americans on what and how much they should eat
  • American Red Cross

    The American Red Cross played an important role in coordinating volunteer efforts. President Woodrow Wilson was appointed the honorary chairman of the Red Cross. There were programs such as ambulances, medical supplies as well as a range of other efforts to support the troops. ( knitting campaign to produce woolen socks and other warm weather clothing.) By the time the war ended in November 1918, the Red Cross had become a major national humanitarian organization.
  • War Bonds

    War bonds allowed private citizens to purchase a bond to help support the military effort. After the war, the bond could be redeemed for its purchase price plus interest.
  • Espionage Act

    The Espionage Act furnished the government with ample power for the suppression of those who opposed the war. The act imposed stiff fines of between $5,000 and $10,000 and jail sentences of up to 20 years for individuals convicted under this law. Instead its main objective was to make it illegal to write or utter any statement that could be construed as profaning the flag,
  • War Industries Board created

    The WIB was established in July 1917 to coordinate government purchases of war materials. It matched the demands of war production with the needs of the armed forces, the European allies, other war organizations, and consumers.
  • War Revenue Act

    The War Revenue Act raised taxes and issued Liberty Bonds to finance the war.
  • Fuel Administration established

    Lever Food and Fuel Act of August 10, 1917, established the Fuel Administration as an agency to coordinate the production, supply, and distribution of vital resources of gasoline and oil.
  • Committee for Public Information (CPI)

    Under the direction of Creel: The Committee for Public Information (CPI), created by President Wilson, raised public support for the war effort through propaganda.The CPI prompted support for the war partly by playing on fear of German spies and other radicals.
    (ie.propaganda films with titles like, “Pershing’s Crusaders,” “America’s Answer,” and “Under Four Flags.”)
  • National War Labor Board created

    The National War Labor Board (NWLB) was created in 1918 by President Woodrow Wilson in an attempt to formalize a federal policy for dealing with organized labor during World War I. It worked to prevent labor unrest that interfered with the wartime economy and tried to keep wages in line with needs.
  • Sedition Act

    Series of amendments prohibited "any disloyal, profane, scurrilous, or abusive language about the form of government of the United States, or the Constitution of the United States, or the flag of the United States, or the uniform of the Army or Navy."