US History Timeline - kc

  • 1215

    Magna Carta

    Magna Carta
    King Jogn England sign the Magna Carta, moving Eniglish government from the rule of man to the rule of law.
  • Individed Right

    Individed Right
    King Charles required to sign the Petition of Right
    Required monarchs to obtain Parliamentary approval before new taxes
    Government could not unlawfully imprison people or establish military rule during times of peace
    Extended conflict between Charles and Parliament erupted into civil war in 1642.
    Charles defeated, beheaded
    1685: renewed conflicts and rebellion between the Crown and Parliament
    1689: William and Mary chosen to rule, but had to govern according to statutes of Parliament
  • Riad to independence

    Riad to independence
    French and Indian War left Britain with a lot of debt.
    Parliament taxed the American colonies to offset debt\
    Taxation led to the cry “No Taxation without Representation.”
    Sugar Act (1764)
    Stamp Act (1765)
    First direct tax on paper goods and legal documents
    Stamp Act Congress met to protest the tax and it was repealed
  • Northwest Ordinance

    Northwest Ordinance
    Established a plan for settling the Northwest Territory
    Included disputed lands
    Created system for admitting states to the Union
    Banned slavery in the territory
    Guided nation’s western expansion
  • Structure of the Federal Court System

    Structure of the Federal Court System
    Judiciary Act of 1789
    Established a Three-tiered Judicial Structure
    1. District courts
    2. Circuit courts
    3. Supreme Court
  • Bill of Rights

    Bill of Rights
    17 anemdment passed since Bill or Rights, Constitution have provided a stable, flexible government.
  • Matbury v Madison

    Matbury v Madison
    Power of Judicial review
  • The Vice President

    The Vice President
    Presides over Senate
    Serves as president if the President is removed
    In early 1800s, the VP was the person who came in 2nd
    12th amendment allows the President to choose V.P. (1804)
    VP’s have their own staff and an office close to the Oval Office
  • Gibbon v. Orden unit 2

    Gibbon v. Orden unit 2
    Right od a state legislature to awared a monopoly to operate a steamship line between NY and NJ Court said only Congress has the right to regulate commerce between states.
  • Gibbons v, Ogden

    Gibbons v, Ogden
    Power of Fed. Govt. To regulate interstate commerce​
    Strong Federalist​
    Believed in the "Necessary and Proper" Clause​
    Strong Congress ​
  • American Political Parties

    American Political Parties
    Federalist and Democratic-Republican Parties were the first​
    After 1824, Democratic-Republican party split into today’s two major parties—Democrats, Republicans​
    Third party: any political party in a two-party system besides the two major ones​
    Independent candidate: one not associated with any party​
  • The Marshell Court

    The Marshell Court
    Chief Justice John Marshall (1801-1835)​
    Began to expand the power of the Supreme Court
  • Seneca Falls Convention

    Seneca Falls Convention
    First national woman's rights convention in the US​
    Called for equal rights in voting, education, and property​
  • Dred Scott v. Sanford

    Dred Scott v. Sanford
    Dred Scott​
    Slave who sued for his and his family's freedom after being taken to a free state​
    Court said that Scott, as an African-American and previously property, was not a citizen ​
    Gave him no legal standing to sue​
    Called the “greatest disaster” of the Supreme Court​
  • Morrill Act

    Morrill Act
    Granted large tracts of land to states; states sold land and used money for colleges
  • Wyoming Territory

    Wyoming Territory
    Was the first to grant women the right to vote.
  • Plessy v. Ferguson

    Plessy v. Ferguson
    Ruled segregation was legal as long as the facilities were equal​
    “Separate but equal” doctrine​
  • Reconstruction Through the End of the Century

    Reconstruction Through the End of the Century
    (1865-1899)​
    Supreme Court during this time narrowly interpreted the 13th-15th amendments​
  • The Senate

    The Senate
    Two from each state
    100 total members
    17th amendment -1913
    Direct election of Senators
    Six-year terms that are staggered on even years
    Approx. 1/3 of Senate up for election every other year
    Prevents major changes in representation
  • 16th Amendment

    16th Amendment
    gave Congress authority to set a federal income tax
    Main source of US income
  • 17th Amendment

    17th Amendment
    Direct election of Senators
    Six-year terms that are staggered on even years
    Approx. 1/3 of Senate up for election every other year
    Prevents major changes in representation
  • Expanding National Power

    Expanding National Power
    Changing roles
    Railroads, telegraph, and new machinery changed the US
    Population of US doubled between 1870 and 1916
    Government passed legislation to reform social conditions and business practices
    The Sherman Antitrust Act prevented monopolies.
    FDR’s New Deal expanded the government’s power.
  • Natice American

    Natice American
    Fed govt. can regulate commerce with tribes
    Most treaties resulted in loss of land and rights from N. Americans
    N. Americans granted citizenship in 1924
  • House or Representatives

    House or Representatives
    Number of Reps per state based on population
    Total number of Reps fixed by law at 435 (since 1929)
    Two-year terms
    Entire H.O.R. elected every two years
    Nonvoting members from DC, Puerto Rico, Northern Mariana Islands, Virgin Islands, Guam, and American Samoa
  • Dual Federalism

    Dual Federalism
    1789-1930s
    Both state and national governments were equal authorities operating within their own spheres of influence
    Strict reading
    National government only had powers listed in Constitution
    (Enumerated Powers)
  • Untied State v. Miller

    Untied State v. Miller
    Ruled 2nd Amendment does not protect the right to have all types of weapons
  • Minersville School District v. Gobitis

    Minersville School District v. Gobitis
    The Supreme Court ruled that a child could be expelled for refusing to salute the American flag or recite the pledge (these actions violated the child’s religious beliefs)
  • West Virginia State Board of Education v. Barnette

    West Virginia State Board of Education v. Barnette
    The court reversed itself and decided unity was not a sufficient reason to overrule religious beliefs.
    Freedom of Speech and of the Press
  • Korematsu v. United States

    Korematsu v. United States
    Court ruled the public’s safety was more important than right of Japanese Americans.
  • The growth of Mass Media

    The growth of Mass Media
    Print media remains the most enduring form of mass media​
    1789: Federalist paper Gazette of the United States published​
    1791: Whigs countered with National Gazette.​
    1920s: Radio became the first form of electronic media​
    1950s: Television replaced radio as most influential electronic media​
    Modern Day: Internet has changed mass media: 1 in 3 people regularly get news online.​
  • Moivated in Parte Brown v. Bord

    Moivated in Parte Brown v. Bord
    Ruled segregation was illegal​
    "Separate is inherently unequal"​
    Whites resisted this and defied federal law​
  • Benefits of Inerest Groups

    Benefits of Inerest Groups
    Give minority interests voice in the political process, such as civil rights movement of the 1950s and 1960s
    Rural landowners might unite to oppose plan to build state highway
  • the Civil Right Movement

    the Civil Right Movement
    Civil rights movement-mass movement in the 1950s and 1960s to guarantee the civil rights of African-Americans​
    Often used civil disobedience to protest
    Nonviolent refusals to obey the law​
    Protesters were often attacked and brutalized.​
    March on Washington—peaceful protest with more than 200,000 people​
    March from Selma to Montgomery, AL resulted in peaceful protesters being attacked by police—Bloody Sunday​
  • New Federal Laws

    New Federal Laws
    Civil Rights Act of 1960​
    Empowered the federal government to actively engage in voter registration in places where voting discrimination had been found​
  • Cooperative Federalism

    Cooperative Federalism
    States and national governments worked together to deal with the Great Depression
    Many cases about FDR's New Deal reached the Supreme Court.
  • Freedom of Assemby and petition

    Freedom of Assemby and petition
    Edwards v. South Carolina (1963)
    187 African-American students gathered at the state capitol to protest racial injustice
    Students did not end the protest when police told them to and were arrested.
    Court said the state had no authority to disperse the students, as they were protesting legally.
  • Extending Civil Right

    Extending Civil Right
    Exteding Civil Rights
    Equal Pay Act of 1963: Established equal pay for men and women​
    Title IX banned discrimination against women in education (schools/colleges)​
  • Legislation Protecting Civil Rights

    Legislation Protecting Civil Rights
    Civil Rights Act of 1964
    Outlaws discrimination based on race, color, religion, sex, or national origin.
  • Civil Right Act of 1964

    Civil Right Act of 1964
    Banned discrimination based on race, color, religion, gender, or national origin in voting, employment, and public accommodations​
    Passed under the Commerce Clause of the Constitution, so businesses had to follow the law as well​
  • Quota Laws​

    Quota Laws​
    Restricted immigration by country and established a specific number of immigrants allowed​
    More allowed from Northwestern Europe
    (1965) Eliminated country-based quotas; preferred immigrants with certain job skills and relatives of US citizens​
    (1990) Allowed 675,000 immigrants ​
  • Age Discrimination in Empolyment Act

    Age Discrimination in Empolyment Act
    Protects applicants and employees of 40+ years old from discrimination based on age in hiring, promotion, discharge, compensation, privileges, etc. of employment.
  • De Jure Segregation

    De Jure Segregation
    Segregation by order of law​
    De Facto Segregation remained through the end of the 20th century and is still an issue today​
  • Milltary Power

    Milltary Power
    Diplomatic Powers:
    President represents the US in interactions with foreign governments
    Treaty-making power is limited by Senate
    Can make executive agreements with the head of a foreign government
    Military powers
    Commander-in-Chief of the military
    Power to deploy military
    War Powers Resolution (1973)
    President must consult with Congress before sending troops
    Congress can force the president to end use of military with a concurrent resolution
  • Equal Credit Opportunity Act

    Equal Credit Opportunity Act
    1975 prohibited banks, stores, and other businesses from preventing women from getting loans or credit.​
    Equal protection clause applies to Hispanics​
  • Indian Self-Determination and Education Assistance Act

    Indian Self-Determination and Education Assistance Act
    allowed Native American Groups to control federally funded programs in their communities​
    Native Americans given same freedom of religion rights as other Americans​
    Americans with Disabilities Act-prohibits discrimination against peo
  • Creative Federalism

    Creative Federalism
    ciety (LBJ, 1963-1980s)
    Government program to eliminate poverty and social inequality
    Johnson created creative federalism, which released national funds to achieve national goals.
    If states didn’t cooperate, they would lose federal funding.
  • New federalism

    New federalism
    Returned some authority to state governments
    Began in 1980s
    Ronald Reagan believed state governments could better provide services to the people
    Cut national grant money and relaxed national requirements
  • College Costs

    College Costs
    The cost of college as increased twice as much as inflation since 1980.
  • College Costs Ajusted for inflaction

    College Costs Ajusted for inflaction
    In 1980, the average cost of a four-year college was $30,800 (adjusted for inflation)​
  • Americans With Disbilites Act

    Americans With Disbilites Act
    Prohibits discrimination against individuals with disabilities in all areas of public life, including jobs, schools, transportation, and all public and private places that are open to the general public.
  • Voting right

    Voting right
    Less than 65% of eligible voters have voted in each presidential election since 1996.​
  • Illegal Immigration Reform and Immigration Responsibility Act

    Illegal Immigration Reform and Immigration Responsibility Act
    Increased border control; easier to deport undocumented aliens, increased penalties for smuggling people into the country.​
  • Homeland Security

    Homeland Security
    nd Security:
    Added in 2003
    Reorganization of agencies already in place
    Law enforcement
    Border security
    Transportation
  • Home land Security

    Home land Security
    Added in 2003
    Reorganization of agencies already in place
    Law enforcement
    Border security
    Transportation
  • D.C. s. Heller

    D.C. s. Heller
    Ruled 2nd Amendment right to bear arms includes the right to self defense
  • McDonald v. Chicago

    McDonald v. Chicago
    Ruled 2nd Amendment applies to federal, state, and local governments; upheld 2nd Amendment
  • Primary Election

    Primary Election
    more than one member of the same political party seek same office, a direct primary election is held.​
    Allows a party candidate to be chose directly by voters​
    Two types of direct primary
    Closed primary: only voters registered as party members can vote​
    any registered voter may in either partys primary​
    Most states hold primary elections.​
    Each state has own rules for selecting delegates ​
    Each party’s presidential candidate is chosen after all states have held primary elections.
  • Undocumented Alien

    Undocumented Alien
    Someone living in a country without authorization from the government​
    Estimated undocumented population in 2017: 10.5 million​
  • Trump v. Hawaii

    Trump v. Hawaii
    Court ruled a ban on immigration from majority-Muslim countries did not violate the Establishment Clause ​
  • College Cost

    College Cost
    By 2019, the average cost had risen to $85,480.​