US History Cold War to Present

  • Harvey Milk

    was an American politician who became the first openly gay man to be elected to public office in California when he won a seat on the San Francisco Board of Supervisors. did not participate in civic matters until around the age of 40 died November 27, 1978(A.D.W)
  • Yalta Conference

    Yalta is a city in the soviet union. They gathered to split Germany into four zones amongst the allies including the city of Berlin. Stalin promised to allow elections in the nations of eastern europe and to enter the war against Japan but he didn't. (JMW)
  • Harry S. Truman Becomes President

    Harry S. Truman was the 33rd President of the United States. He was President Franklin D. Roosevelt’s third vice president, and he succeeded to the presidency when Roosevelt died. (KEH)
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    Harry S. Truman becomes President

    He was the 33rd President of the United States. He was in office for two terms. He dropped the atomic bomb on Hiroshima. (MW)
  • Germany is divided into East and West

    After Germany's surrender, the Allies divided "Occupation Zone Germany" into four military occupation zones — France in the southwest, Britain in the northwest, the United States in the south, and the Soviet Union in the east. (M.T.)
  • VE Day

    The day that Germany surrendered in Europe during WW1. (Alex Tsigaridas)
  • United Nations established

    United Nations established
    The United Nations is established, hoping to prevent a World War III (IC)
  • Atomic Bomb dropped on Hiroshima

    The United States dropped a bomb on Hiroshima Japan (Alex Tsigaridas)
  • Atomic Energy Act of 1946

    The Atomic Energy Act of 1946 (McMahon Act) determined how the United States federal government would control and manage the nuclear technology it had. (TrystynDuck)
  • Marshall Plan

    Program of American economic assistance to Wesstern Europe
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    marshall plan

    The Marshall Plan officially the European Recovery Program, ERP was an American initiative to aid Western Europe, in which the United States gave over $13 billion approximately $130 billion in current dollar value as of June 2016 in economic support to help rebuild Western European economies after the end of World War II. The plan was in operation for four years beginning April 8, 1948
  • Berlin Blockade

    An attempt by the Soviet Union to limit the ability of France, Great Britain and the United States to travel to their parts of Berlin, which lay within Russian-occupied East Germany. (M.T.)
  • NATO North Atlanic Treaty Organization

    Alliance of nations that agreed to band together in the event of war and to support and protect each nation involved
  • Soviet Union tests its first atomic bomb

    Soviet Union tests its first atomic bomb
    The Soviet Union explodes its first nuclear weapon on august 29th 1949, at its testing in Kazakhstan. This event was the beginning of the nuclear arms race. (TH)
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    Korean War

    The Korean War, although lacking the glory of World War II or turmoil of Vietnam, was pivotal in United States history. (IC)
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    Korean War

    The Korean War was a conflict between Communist and non-Communist forces in Korea. This war was a result of the physical division of Korea by an agreement of the victorious Allies at the conclusion of the Pacific War at the end of WWII. (TH)
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    Dwight D. Eisenhower becomes President

    He was the 34th President of the United States. He only served one term in office. He said that racism was a national security issue because communists used it as a propaganda attack. He then integrated black and white public schools. (MW)
  • Stalin Dies

    Joseph Stalin dies at the age of 54.(Alex Tsigaridas)
  • Armistice in Korea

    This armistice ended the war in Korea. Each side agreed to remain separate to the other and no outright victory was shown. (M.T.)
  • Brown v. Board of Education

    This court decision ruled separate white and black schools to be unconstitutional. (This doesn't mean discrimination in schools ended though.) (M.T.)
  • Southeast Asia Treaty Organization

    Primarily created to block further communist gains in Southeast Asia, SEATO is generally considered a failure because internal conflict and dispute hindered general use of the SEATO military; however, SEATO-funded cultural and educational programs left long-standing effects in Southeast Asia. (TrystynDuck)
  • Montgomery bus boycott

    (1955-1956) Protest by African Americans against racial segregation in the bus system of Montgomery, Alabama
  • Vietnam War

    Vietnam War
    It was a cold war that was fought between North Vietnam, supported by its communist allies, and the government of South Vietnam, and supported by the U.S. (Hockett)
  • Montgomery Bus Boycott

    This was the day when the blacks of Montgomery, Alabama, decided that they would boycott the city buses until they could sit anywhere they wanted, instead of being relegated to the back when a white boarded. (TrystynDuck)
  • Interstate Highway Act

    25 Billion was provided to build an interstate highway system. It was needed because of the growth of the car industry. It was more than 40,000 miles long. It allowed for evaquation of major cities in case there was a nuclear attack. (JMW)
  • Interstate Highway Act

    Interstate Highway Act
    Dwight D. Eisenhower orders for the construction of 41,000 miles of Interstate Highway System, the largest public works project of its time. (IC)
  • Eisenhower Doctrine

    A speech by President Dwight David Eisenhower on 5 January 1957. This made it so a country could request American economic assistance and/or aid from U.S. military forces if it was being threatened by armed aggression from another state. (M.D)
  • The Civil Rights Act of 1957

    This was enacted in September, and was primarily a voting rights bill. This was also the first civil rights legislation enacted by congress following the reconstruction after the Civil War. (KEH)
  • Space Race

    Russia launches sputnik II with the first living creature into space.(Alex Tsigaridas)
  • Trade embargo on Cuba

    The Trade embargo on Cuba is a commercial, economic, and financial embargo.
    First embargo was for the sale of arms to Cuba
    First embargo was during the Fulgencio Batista regime.
    On February 7, 1962 the embargo was expanded to limit most imports.
    In October 19, 1960, exports besides food and medicine were apart of an embargo.
    Cuba had nationalized American- owned Cuban oil refineries without compensation.
    The Cuban embargo is enforced mostly by 6 statues
  • U2 Incident

    U2 Incident
    A U2 American spy plan is shot down over Russian airspace, increasing tensions between the United States and Soviet Union. (IC)
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    John F. Kennedy becomes President

    He was often referred to by his initials JFK. He was the 35th President of the United States from 1961 until his assassination in 1963. Events during his presidency contained the Bay of Pigs Invasion, the Cuban Missile Crisis, the building of the Berlin Wall, the Space Race, the African American Civil Rights Movement and early on stages of the Vietnam War. (MW)
  • Bay of Pigs Invasion

    Bay of Pigs Invasion
    This was an unsuccesful mission the U.S. tried to over throw the Cuban government of Fidel Castro. (af)
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    Berlin Crisis of 1961

    It was the final major politico-military European event of the Cold War about the occupational standing of Berlin and of post–World War II Germany. It resulted in the Berlin Wall. (MW)
  • Cuban Missile Crisis

    Cuban Missile Crisis
    Was a confrontation involving Cuba and the U.S. Cuba and the Soviet governments secretly began to build nuclear bombs with the intention of bombing the United States. It was the closest the Cold War ever got to nuclear conflict. (Hockett)
  • The Feminine Mystique

    The Feminine Mystique is regarded as one of the most influential nonfiction books of the 20th century, and it is credited with the beginning of second-wave feminism in the United States. KM
  • Atomic Test Ban Treaty

    John F. Kennedy had supported a ban on nuclear weapons testing since 1956. He believed a ban would prevent other countries from obtaining nuclear weapons, and took a strong stand on the issue in the 1960 presidential campaign. (TrystynDuck)
  • "I Have a Dream" Speech

    "I Have a Dream" Speech
    A speech given by Martin Luther King Jr. which he called for an end to racial discrimination. The speech is wildly regarded as one of the most influential speech of the U.S. (Hockett)
  • President Kennedy assassinated

    President Kennedy was the 35th president of the United States of America. He was assassinated in Dallas, Texas, he was shot and killed. SS
  • Panama Canal Zone Riots

    The riots started after the Panamanian flag was torn and Panamanian students were killed in a conflict between police officers and Panama Canal residents. (M.T.)
  • Civil Rights Act of 1964

    Legislation passed that outlawed major forms of discrimination (MD)
  • Gulf of Tonkin Resolution

    This resolution gave President Johnson teh power to use conventional weaponns without the declaration of war from Congress after the attack from theNorth Vietnamese Navy's Torpedo Squadron 135.KM
  • Malcom X is assassinated

    Malcom X was an african american muslim minister, public speaker, and human rights activist. He was speaking at the orginaziyion afro-american when he was shot and killed. SS
  • Watts Riot

    Watts Riot
    The riot took place in Watts neighborhood of Los Angeles, California. By the time the riots stopped 34 people were killed,1,032 injured and 3,438 arrested. It would be most severe riot in Los Angeles history until the Los Angeles riots of 1992.(af)
  • NOW National Organization for Women

    Organization that promoted the full participation of women in American society
  • "Long Hot Summer"

    This term refers to a series of 159 racial riots that broke out across the United States specifically in Boston, Cincinnati, Atlanta as well as Tampa bay, Florida. (M.T.)
  • Detroit Race Riot

    This event was one of the most violent urban revolts in the 20th century. It came as an immediate response to police brutality with underlying conditions including segregated housing and schools and rising black unemployment. (M.T.)
  • Tet Offensive

    Attack by Viet Cong and North Vietnamese forces throughout South Vietnam
  • Martin Luther King Jr. assassinated

    Martin Luther King Jr. was a prominent american leader of the african-american civil rights movement and he won the nobel peace prize. he was assassinated at the lorraine motel in memphis, tennessee, he was shot and killed by james earl ray. SS
  • Richard Nixon elected president

    Richard Nixon was elected as the 37th President of the United States. He opened a relationship with the People’s Republic of China and withdrew forces from Vietnam. (Peng)
  • Occupational Safety and Health Act

    The OSHA is the primary federal law which governs occupational health and safety in the private sector and federal government in the United States. President Nixon signed this act. (M.T.)
  • Nixon's visit to China

    Nixon visits the People’s Republic of China to open up diplomatic relations with them. It is the first time a president has visited the People’s Republic of China. It ended peacefully with an answer to the Taiwan question. (Peng)
  • SALT Treaty

    Strategic Arms Limitation Treaty signed between the US and USSR.(Alex Tsigaridas)
  • Watergate Scandal

    A political scandal that occurred in the United States on June 1972. It was a break-in at the Democratic National Committee headquarters at the Watergate office complex (M.D)
  • Nixon Re-Elected

    Nixon was re-elected in one of the largest landslide election victories in American history. His opponent was McGovern. (KEH)
  • Paris Peace Accords

    This agreement between the United States, North and South Vietnam helped end the Vietnam war. (M.T.)
  • Nixon's Resignation

    Due to the threat of impeachment and conviction because of the Watergate Scandal, Nixon resigns from office on August 9, 1974. (Peng)
  • Ford becomes President

    Gerald Rudolph Ford Jr. became the 38th president of the United States in 1974. His serving time was from 1974 to 1977. SS!
  • Fall of Saigon

    Fall of Saigon
    The Fall of Saigon was the final victory of North Vietnam, ending the Vietnam War. (IC)
  • The Apollo–Soyuz Test Project

    The first joint US and USSR space flight took place on the last Apollo space craft. Km
  • Jimmy Carter becomes president

    James Earl Carter Jr. became the 39th president of the United States in 1977. His term lasting from 1977 to 1981. SS!
  • Camp David Accords

    A peace treaty that were the result of 18 months of intense diplomatic efforts by Egypt, Israel, and the United States that began after Jimmy Carter became President (M.D)
  • Harvey Milk is assassinated

    On Nov. 27, 1978, openly gay San Francisco City Supervisor Harvey Milk was murdered, along with Mayor George Moscone, by former Supervisor Dan White. (TrystynDuck)
  • Iran hostage crisis

    52 Americans were taken hostage at the US embassy in Teharan, they were held captive for 444 days. KM
  • US Boycotts the 1980 Olympics

    In response to the Russian invasion of Afghanistan, the US and other countries boycotted the 1980 Olympic games in Moscow.(Alex Tsigaridas)
  • Iranian hostage crisis ended

    444 Americans freed from hostage captivation in Iran.(Alex Tsigaridas)
  • Ronald Reagan Becomes President

    Ronal Reagan was the 40th President of the United States. He served from 1981 to 1989. Many conservative and liberal scholars agree that Reagan has been the most influential president since Franklin D. Roosevelt. (KEH)
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    Ronald Reagan becomes President

    He was the 40th President of the United States. He was in office for two terms. He was the first Cold War president. (MW)
  • Iran-Contra scandal

    A scandal during the Reagan administration where the United States secretly arranged arms sales to Iran in return for promises of Iranian assistance in securing the release of Americans held hostage in Lebanon. (M.T.)
  • Iran-Contra Scandal

    This was a political scandal in the United States that came to light in November of 1986. Reagan administration officials secretly facilitated the sale of arms to Iran, the subject of an arms embargo. Under the Boland Amendment, Congress had prohibited further funding of the Contras by the government.
  • "Tear down this wall!"

    "Tear down this wall!"
    On june 12, 1987 president ronnald reagan gave a speech at the Brandenburg Gate near the berlin wall to tell them to "tear down this wall".(af)
  • Black Monday

    It was the biggest one-day percentage decrease in recorded stock market history. It began in Hong Kong and extended west to Europe, hitting the United States after other markets had already declined significantly. (MW)
  • Exxon Valdez oil spill

    Exxon Valdez oil spill
    Happend in Prince William Sound, Alaska. the oil tanker was headers to long beach california when it hit the Bligh Reef in the Prince William Sound and spilled 260,000 to 750,000 barrels or crude oil in the water. It is considered one of the most devastating human-caused environmental disasters.(af)
  • George H. W. Bush becomes president

    George Herbert Walker Bush became the 41st president of the United States of America in 1989. His term lasted from 1989 to 1993. SS
  • Fall of the Berlin Wall

    Fall of the Berlin Wall
    The Berlin Wall begins to come apart, signifying the impending doom of Communism. (IC)
  • Cold War ends

    Cold War ends
    The Soviet Union collapses, effectively ending the Cold War. (IC)
  • Bill Clinton becomes president

    William Clinton served as the 42nd President of the United States. He was involved in several scandals and affairs. He was the second president to have been impeached in 1998/1999. (Peng)
  • Hubble Space Telescope launched

    Hubble Space Telescope launched
    This telescope was carried in to outer space by a space shuttle in 1990. this isnt the first telescope in space but it is one of the largest and most versatile.(af)
  • Oklahoma City bombing

    At 9:02 a.m. on April 19, 1995, a large bomb decimated the Alfred P. Murrah Federal Building in Oklahoma City, killing 168 people. (TrystynDuck)
  • Matthew Shepard Murdered

    Matthew Shepard was a student at the University of Wyoming who was tortured and murdered. During a pre-trial hearing, a police officer testified that he was tortured and murdered due to how the attacker felt about “gays.” (KEH)
  • Matthew Sheppard Murder

    Matthew Sheppard, 21, was brutally murdered on October 6, 1998. 2 men by the names Aaron McKinney (22), and Russell Henderson (21) murdered him, an the motive is thought to because he was gay.
    Sheppard died 6 days later in the hospital. K.V.
  • Columbine High School Massacre

    2 armed students went on a massacre through Columbine High School and killed 13 people and themselves. This provoked debates about gun control and firearm availability. (Peng)
  • Bombing of the USS Cole

    It was a suicide attack against the United States Navy destroyer USS Cole. 17 American sailors were killed, and 39 were injured. This was the deadliest assault against a United States Naval vessel since 1987. Al-Qaeda claimed responsibility for the attack. (MW)
  • Invasion of Afghanistan

    US forces invaded Afghanistan with the intent to catch Osama bin Laden. Though they did not capture him, they did take down the Taliban government. (Peng)
  • George W. Bush Becomes President

    George W. Bush Becomes President
    Is an American politician who served as the 43rd President of the United States. He's also the son of George H.W. Bush, the 41st President. (Hockett)
  • September 11th Terrorist Attacks

    September 11th Terrorist Attacks
    One of the most tragic days of the United States. 19 Al-Qaeda terrorists hijack a plane and crash it into the World Trade Center killing many innocent people. (Hockett)
  • Patriot Act

    The title of the act is a ten letter acronym (USA PATRIOT) that stands for Uniting (and) Strengthening America (by) Providing Appropriate Tools Required (to) Intercept (and) Obstruct Terrorism. President George W. Bush signed it into law. (KEH)
  • George Bush Becomes President

    George Bush Becomes President
    George W. Bush enters office and begins his term as president. (M.D)
  • Invasion of Iraq

    An invasion of Iraq that led to the Iraq war. (M.D)
  • Massachusetts legalizes same-sex marriage

    Massachusetts became the sixth jurisdiction in the world to legalize same-sex marriage. It was the first U.S. state to issue marriage licenses to same-sex couples. (TrystynDuck)
  • Saddam Hussin is captured

    Operation Red Dawn was conducted and was the operation that captured Saddam Hussein in ad-Dawr, Iraq. Though he was armed he did not resist being captured. This operation also ended any rumors that Hussein was dead. (Peng)
  • Saddam Hussein is captured

    On December 14 2003, union forces captured Saddam Hussein. Hussein was later tried in Iraqi court and found accountable of felonies against humanity and condemned him to hang. He was put to death on December 29, 2006. (MW)
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    hurricane katrina

    Hurricane Katrina was the costliest natural disaster and one of the five deadliest hurricanes in the history of the United States. the highest wind speed wa recorded at 174 mph. total damage was108 billion$.and most affected areas were new orleans, cuba, louisiana, alabama, and georgia. (RB)
  • Hurricane Katrina

    Hurricane Katrina
    A catagory 3 hurricane that hit louisiana and killed 1,464 people. When katrina hit it left people homeless for months and months.(af)
  • Virginia Tech Massacre

    Virginia Tech Massacre
    The Virginia Tech massacre consisted of two attacksin two separate buildings on campus. Seung-Hui Cho began the massacre at about 7a.m. and it lasted until around 10am, when Cho shot himself. By the time everything was over, Cho had murdered 32 people, injured 29, and killed himself. (TH)
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    The Virginia Tech shooting, also known as the Virginia Tech massacre, occurred on April 16, 2007, on the campus of Virginia Polytechnic Institute and State University in Blacksburg, Virginia, United States. Seung-Hui Cho, a senior at Virginia Tech, shot and killed 32 people and wounded 17 others in two separate attacks another six people were injured escaping from classroom windows, approximately two hours apart, before committing suicide (RB)
  • Barack Obama elected president

    Barack Obama elected president
    Barack Obama was elected the 44th President of the United States on November 4, 2008, and was sworn in on January 20, 2009. Barack Obama is the first African-American President. (TH)
  • Fort Hood shooting

    Fort Hood shooting
    The Fort Hood shooting was a mass shooting that took place on November 5, 2009. A single gunman killed 13 people and wounded 29 others, at Fort Hood, the most populous U.S. military installation in the world. (TH)
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    fort hood shooting

    On November 5, 2009, a mass shooting took place at Fort Hood, near Killeen, Texas. Nidal Hasan, a U.S. Army major and psychiatrist, fatally shot 13 people and injured more than 30 others.(RB)
  • Deepwater Horizon oil rig disaster

    Deepwater Horizon oil rig disaster
    The Deepwater Horizon oil rig disaster refers to the explosion and fire on the Deepwater Horizon semi-submersible Mobile Offshore Drilling Unit (MODU) off of the Louisiana coast. The explosion killed 11 workers and injured 16 others, also the explosion caused the Deepwater Horizon to burn and sink. Which started an offshore oil spill in the Gulf of Mexico; this environmental disaster is now considered the second largest in U.S. history, behind the Dust Bowl.(TH)
  • START 2 Treaty goes into effect

  • Operation Odyssey Dawn

    Operation Odyssey Dawn
    It was a code name for the international military operation in Libya to enforce United Nations Security Council Resolution in 1973.(af)
  • Osama bin Ladin is killed

    Osama bin Ladin is killed
    Osama bin Ladin, the leader of the Al Qaeda terrorist network, had eluded capture for a decade since the attacks on September 11, 2001. U.S. forces and CIA operatives killed him in a firefight in his hideout compound in the city of Abbotabad, Pakistan on may 2nd. (TH)
  • Geneva Conference

    The purpose of the Geneva Conference was to try and unify Vietnam and possibly restoring peace in Indochina. KM