UNITED STATES INDEPENDENCE

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In History
  • French and Indian War

    French and Indian War
    The Treaty of Paris ended the French and Indian War, the American phase of a worldwide nine years’ war fought between France and Great Britain.
  • Stamp Act

    Stamp Act
    The Stamp Act was imposed to provide increased revenues to meet the costs of defending the enlarged British Empire.
  • Townshend Acts

    Townshend Acts
    The Townshend Acts were passed by the British Parliament in an attempt to assert what it considered to be its historic right to exert authority over the colonies through suspension of a recalcitrant representative assembly and through strict provisions for the collection of revenue duties.
  • Boston Massacre

    Boston Massacre
    In Boston, a small British army detachment that was threatened by mob harassment opened fire and killed five people, an incident soon known as the Boston Massacre.
  • Boston Tea Party

    Boston Tea Party
    A party of Bostonians thinly disguised as Mohawk people boarded ships at anchor and dumped some £10,000 worth of tea into the harbor.
  • Intolerable Acts

    Intolerable Acts
    The British Parliament enacted four measures that became known as the Intolerable Acts: the Boston Port Act, Massachusetts Government Act, Administration of Justice Act, and Quartering Act.
  • First Continental Congress convenes

    First Continental Congress convenes
    Fifty-six delegates represented all the colonies except Georgia.
  • Battle of Bunker Hill

    Battle of Bunker Hill
    Breed’s Hill in Charlestown was the primary locus of combat in the misleadingly named Battle of Bunker Hill, which was part of the American siege of British-held Boston. Some 2,300 British troops eventually cleared the hill of the entrenched Americans, but at the cost of more than 40 percent of the assault force. The battle was a moral victory for the Americans.
  • Declaration of Independence adopted

    Declaration of Independence adopted
    After the Congress recommended that colonies form their own governments, the Declaration of Independence was written by Thomas Jefferson and revised in committee. On July 2 the Congress voted for independence; on July 4 it adopted the Declaration of Independence.
  • Nathan Hale executed

    Nathan Hale executed
    On September 21, 1776, having penetrated the British lines on Long Island to obtain information, American Capt. Nathan Hale was captured by the British. He was hanged without trial the next day. Before his death, Hale is thought to have said, “I only regret that I have but one life to lose for my country.”
  • Washington crosses the Delaware

    Washington crosses the Delaware
    Having been forced to abandon New York City and driven across New Jersey by the British, George Washington and the Continental Army struck back on Christmas night by stealthily crossing the ice-strewn Delaware River.
  • France and the United States form an alliance

    France and the United States form an alliance
    The French had secretly furnished financial and material aid to the Americans since 1776, but with the signing in Paris of the Treaty of Amity and Commerce and the Treaty of Alliance, the Franco-American alliance was formalized.
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  • Treaty of Paris ends the war

    Treaty of Paris ends the war
    The military verdict in North America was reflected in the preliminary Anglo-American peace treaty of 1782, which was included in the Treaty of Paris of 1783. By its terms, Britain recognized the independence of the United States with generous boundaries, including the Mississippi River on the west. Britain retained Canada but ceded East and West Florida to Spain.
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