Unit 7 1865-1900 Timeline (and a little extra)

Timeline created by BirdistheWord
  • Homestead Act

    Granted land to setters. Land was hard to cultivate though and settlers failed. Companies would settle "model" settlers on fertile patches of land to encourage people to come.
  • Morill Act of 1862

    Provided land grants for agricultural colleges.
  • Period: to

    Major Events of Unit 7

  • Patrons of Husbandry

    Known as the Grange. Was an organization that encourage families, particularly farmers, to band together for economic and social wellbeing.
  • Ulysses Grant

    Grant is nominated the Presidential candidate of the Republican party. He would be elected and serve till 1872 when he would run for re-election. His administration was marred by several controversies.
  • Knights of Labor

    Labor organization that was founded in 1869. Reached its membership peak in 1886, but then precipitously declined in 1887.
  • Pragmatism

    School of philosophical thought that believes the practical worth of an idea is the correct measure of its actual worth.
  • Ulysses Grant Re-election

    Grant is re-nominated and runs again for election as the President of the United States. Despite the controversies that surrounded his first term, he is elected again and serves until 1876.
  • Panic of 1873 Begins

    Post-war inflation, over-speculation, and significant property losses in Chicago were all major causes of this depression.
  • Woman's Christian Temperance Union

    A Woman's organization dedicated to social reform through the means of a Christian viewpoint.
  • Resumption Act

    Restored the nation to the gold standard through the redeeming of unbacked US notes. It exacerbated the Panic of 1873.
  • Civil Rights Act of 1875

    A federal law that guaranteed African-Americans equal treatment in public transportation, public accomdations and eliminated exlusion from jury duty. It was deemed unconstitutional by the Supreme Court in 1883.
  • Jim Crow Laws

    A series of laws that mandated a "seperate but equal" status for African-Americans.
  • Battle of Little Bighorn

    General Custer and the Seventh Cavalry fought against the Lakota, Cheyenne and Araphao tribes. Custer and his force was completely massacred.
  • Compromise of 1877

    An informal deal that gave the Presidency to Rutherford B. Hayes in exchange for his assurance that he would remove federal troops from South Carolina, Florida, and Louisiana. This effectively ended the Reconstruction.
  • Panic of 1873 Ends

    The Panic known as the "Great Depression" (at least until the 1930s) is finally over in the United States, although it lingered even longer in some European countries.
  • Pendleton Civil Service Reform Act

    Stipulated that government jobs should be awarded based on merit, not connections. Unfortunately, it said nothing about state or local political jobs which happened to be the basis of the political machine. One thing it did accomplish was the shifting of a parties monetary reliance from ambitious hopefuls to businesses.
  • Wabash, St. Louis and Pacific Railroad

    Court case that limited the rights of states to regulate interstate commerce. Led to the creation of a commission overseeing Interstate commerce.
  • Haymarket Square

    Bombing that took place at a labor strike in Chicago.
  • American Federation of Labor

    Formed by a group of ex-Knights of Labor. Samuel Gompers was its head.
  • Dawes Severalty Act

    Legally dissolved the Indian tribes and split their land up and put it up for sale among settlers and division among the Indians if they showed consistently acceptable behavior.
  • Interstate Commerce Act

    Act designed to regulate the railroad industry. It required railroad rates to be publicized and "Fair and just".
  • National American Women Suffrage Association

    As its name suggests, it was an association dedicated to the idea of suffrage for all women.
  • Sherman Antitrust Act

    Prohibited business practices that reduced competition. Was aimed primarily at eliminating trusts and monopolies.
  • Mckinley Tariff Act

    Raised tariff to 50% in an effort to protect domestic industries. This angered Democrats who were more agriculturally-inclined and did not appreciate this strengthening of industry.
  • Populist party is formed

    The Populist party was most popular among poor, white farmers in the South. It was most influential during the years of 1892-1896 and then faded away after.
  • Panic of 1893

    Economic Depression that was caused by over-construction of railroads, and the shaky financing of these railroads which in turn led to bank failures.
  • Pullman Strike

    Conflict between American Railway Union and railroads. Shut down much of the nations railroads. Military had to get involved because the mail was unable to be delivered due to the strike.
  • Dingley Tariff

    Passed to countteract Wilson-Gorman Act. It increased tariffs to an average of 47%.
  • Dingley Tariff

    Increased tariffs to an average of 47%, Passed to countteract the Wilson-Gorman Act.
  • Gold Standard Act

    Established gold as the only standard for US money. Ended the Gold v. Silver Rivalry.
  • Aliens invade Earth

  • Period: to

    Extra

  • Bradford Cake perishes fighting for the Resistance

  • The Governor of the Territory of Earth, Ekac Drofdarb is instated