Unit 2 Key Terms

Timeline created by marbasiliosantos@leisdstude...
In History
  • Civil Disobidience

    This was a public, nonviolent, political act, where people refused to pay taxes and fines
  • 13th Amendment

    13th Amendment
    Slavery was legal under the constitution. So they created the amendment to ban slavery.
  • Black Codes

    Black Codes
    This restricted African Americans' freedom (similar to jim crow laws). They were not however laws. they were more of you know what you shouldn't be doing.
  • 14th Amendment

    14th Amendment
    This amendment stated that anyone born in the US was a citizen and that can't be taken away. That included slaves born in the US.
  • 15th Amendment

    15th Amendment
    This amendment gave black men the right to vote.
  • Plessy V. Ferguson

    Plessy V. Ferguson
    This case was about segregated train facilities in Louisiana. The court ruled that 'separate but equal' was not a violation to the 14th amendment. Judge Harlan disagreed with this.
  • Hector P. Garcia

    Hector P. Garcia
    He was an advocate for hispanic rights during the chicano movement.
  • George Wallace

    George Wallace
    He was the 45th governor of Alabama. He was pro segregation and stood in front of the University of Alabama to keep blacks from enrolling.
  • Betty Friedan

    Betty Friedan
    she was an activist and journalist and was a leading figure in the woman's movement in the US.
  • CORE

    Congress of Racial Equality was an African-American civil rights organization in the US. It was founded in 1942, and purpose was to get equality for all people regardless of race, sex, age, disability, sexual orientation, religion or ethnic background.
  • Cesar Chavez

    Cesar Chavez
    He was an American laborer and was a Latino American civil rights activist that fought for workers' rights. He, along with Dolores Huerta, co-founded the National Farm Workers Association.
  • Rosa Parks

    Rosa Parks
    She was an activist during the civil rights movement. She is best known for not giving up her seat on the bus.
  • Emmett Till

    Emmett Till
    He was a 14 year old African American who was lynched in 1955 in Mississippi. A white woman said he was flirting with her. The woman's husband and half brother abducted him, tortured him, shot him, and threw his body into a river. Years later the woman admitted that Till didn't even talk to her.
  • Little Rock Nine

    Little Rock Nine
    Nine black students attended a white school. Eisenhower ordered that everyday the students be escorted by federal troops ,due to aggression ,for protection.They were able to finish the school year.
  • Orval Fabus

    Orval Fabus
    He was a politician that was the governor of Arkansas from 1955 to 1967. He was against desegregation of the Little Rock School District.
  • SCLC

    The Southern Christian Leadership Conference was founded in 1957 and Martin Luther King Jr. was the first president. It's purpose was to coordinate local protest groups within the south.
  • Civil Rights Act of 1957

    Civil Rights Act of 1957
    In 1957, president Eisenhower, passed the civil rights act of 1957 to establish a permanent commission on civil rights with investigative powers but it didn't guarantee a ballot for blacks. It was the first civil-rights bill to be enacted after Reconstruction and was supported by most non southern whites.
  • Stokely Carmichael

    Stokely Carmichael
    He was a black civil rights activist in the 1960's. He became the leader of the Student Non-violent Coordinating Committee. He worked with King Jr. on peaceful protests but then changed his perspective and pursued black power.
  • Affirmative Action

    Affirmative Action
    Affirmative action was an outcome of the 1960's Civil Rights Movement. Its purpose was to provide equal opportunities for members of minority groups and women in education and employment. It initially focused on improving opportunities for African Americans in employment and education.
  • Black Panthers

    Black Panthers
    This was a revolutionary black nationalist and socialist organization founded by Bobby Seale and Huey Newton.They armed citizens and challenged police brutality.
  • Ole Miss Integration

    Ole Miss Integration
    In 1962, President Kennedy ordered federal marshals to protect James Meredith because he tried to become the first African American student at University of Mississippi in Oxford. This lead to riots.
  • Martin Luther King Jr.

    Martin Luther King Jr.
    He was a baptist minister who became the most known spokesperson during the civil rights movement. He helped organize non violent protests and gave his famous speech, "I Have a Dream", during the march on Washington.
  • U of Alabama Integration

    U of Alabama Integration
    George C. Wallace refused to allow African-American students to register for classes at the all-white university. This lead to President Kennedy authorizing the use of the National Guard to enforce educational integration.
  • March on Washington

    March on Washington
    It was held in Washington DC and was organized by A. Philip Randolph and Bayard Rustin. The purpose of the march was to was to advocate economic and civil rights for African Americans. Here, Martin Luther King Jr. gave his "I Have a Dream" speech in front of the Lincoln memorial.
  • Lester Maddox

    Lester Maddox
    He served as governor for Georgia from 1967 to 1971. He refused to serve black people at his restaurant and was for segregation.
  • Civil Rights Act of 1964

    Civil Rights Act of 1964
    This law authorized federal action against segregation in public facilities, and employment. President Lyndon Johnson persuaded many reluctant members of Congress to support the law.
  • Voting Rights Act of 1965

    This law helped end formal and informal barriers to African American suffrage. It allowed many African Americans to register and the number of African American elected officials increased dramatically.
  • Thurgood Marshall

    Thurgood Marshall
    He was the grandson of a slave and became the first African American to be appointed to the Supreme court. He was the chief legal counsel of the NAACP and also won the Brown court in 1954.
  • Desegregation

    This is the end of racial segregation. Desegregation was the main target if the civil rights movement
  • Title IX

    Title IX
    This stated that no one in the US, based on sex, would be excluded from participating or denied to the benefits of any educational program.
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    Jim Crow Laws

    These laws helped maintain segregation. White and black people couldn't use the same facilities. Black facilities were worse then those of whites.
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    This is when a person was killed, mostly hung, for suspicion that a crime was committed without trial. It was usually a public execution.
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    Brown V. Board of Education

    This tried to end segregation in schools. The NAACP tried to enroll colored people but when the schools refused, the NAACP filed a lawsuit. The school lost in district court which was appealed to supreme court.
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    Montgomery Bus Boycott

    In 1955, Rosa Parks refused to give up her seat to a white person. she was arrested and that ignited the protest. Black and white people rode integrated buses throughout Montgomery until 1956, when segregation on transportation was ended.
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    This was in Greensboro, NC. Sit-ins were caused because diners were segregated and blacks tried to challenge it. they would go and sit in "whites only" seats.
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    Freedom Riders

    They were civil rights activist that rode interracial buses to chllenge segregation, throughout Mississippi. The people against this turned violent causing it to become a world-wide topic.
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    Watts Riots

    This events took place in the Watts neighborhood in Los Angeles. This happened because an African American motorist was arrested for supposedly drunk driving. they fought and people reacted to the police brutality. the riots resulted in 34 deaths and $40 million worth on damages.