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U2 Romantic Period

  • start of romantic history

    In 1810 E.T.A. Hoffmann called Mozart, Haydn and Beethoven the three "Romantic Composers", and Ludwig Spohr used the term "good Romantic style" to apply to parts of Beethoven's Fifth Symphony. Technically, Mozart and Haydn are considered Classical composers, and by most standards, Beethoven represents the start of the musical Romantic period.
  • Period: to

    Roman period

    Historiographers define the Romantic period to be between 1800 to 1900. It is characterized by using music to tell a story or express an idea, the use of various instruments including wind instruments and melodies are fuller and more dramatic.
  • Robert Schumann was born

    Robert Schumann who was known as one of the greatest composers in history was born the first year of the Romantic Period, in Zwickau.
  • Franz Liszt was born

    Franz Liszt was born
    Hungarian composer Franz Liszt was born in Raiding, near Odenburg. He, along with prodigious violinist Paganini created the cult of the modern instrumental virtuoso.
  • Piano Sonata No. 28 (Beethoven)

    Beethoven Sonata No. 28 Opus 101 (1)Ludwig van Beethoven's Piano Sonata No. 28 in A major, Op. 101, was written in 1816 and was dedicated to the pianist Baroness Dorothea Ertmann. This piano sonata runs for about 20 minutes and consists of four movements:
  • Symphony No 5 Composed by Schubert

    Symphony No. 5 was composed by Schubert, and was, out of all Schubert's symphony, set for the smallest orchestra.
  • Harmonica invented by Buschmann

    Frederic Buschmann invented the harmonica.
  • Weber: "Der Freischutz," opera, Berlin

    Weber: "Der Freischutz," opera, Berlin
    Der Freischütz (usually translated as The Marksman or The Freeshooter.) is an opera in three acts by Carl Maria von Weber with a libretto by Friedrich Kind. It premiered on 18 June 1821 at the Schauspielhaus Berlin. It is considered the first important German Romantic opera, especially in its national identity and stark emotionality. The plot is based on the German folk legend of the Freischütz and many of its tunes were inspired by German folk music.
  • Royal Academy of Music, London, founded

    Royal Academy of Music, London, founded
    The Royal Academy of Music in London, England, is a conservatoire, Britain's oldest degree-granting music school and a constituent college of the University of London since 1999. The Academy was founded by Lord Burghersh in 1822 with the help and ideas of the French harpist and composer Nicolas Bochsa and in 1830 was granted a Royal Charter by King George IV. It is a registered charity under English law.
  • Schubert: Symphony No. 8 in B minor (The Unfinished)

    Schubert : Symphony No.8 in B minor, 'Unfinished'Franz Schubert's Symphony No. 8 in B minor (sometimes renumbered as Symphony No. 7[1]), commonly known as the "Unfinished Symphony" (German: Unvollendete), D.759, was started in 1822 but left with only two movements known to be complete, even though Schubert would live for another six years. A scherzo, nearly completed in piano score but with only two pages orchestrated, also survives.
  • Franz Liszt, age 11, makes his debut as in Vienna

    Very soon Liszt was heard in private circles. His public debut in Vienna was on December 1, 1822, at a concert at the Landständischer Saal. Liszt played Hummel's Concerto in A minor as well as an improvisation on an air from Rossini's opera Zelmira and the Allegretto of Beethoven's 7th Symphony. On April 13, 1823, he gave a famous concert at the Kleiner Redoutensaal. This time he played Hummel's Concerto in B minor, variations by Moscheles, and an own improvisation.
  • Cesar Franck, Belgian composer, born

    Cesar Franck, Belgian composer, born
    César-Auguste-Jean-Guillaume-Hubert Franck (10 December 1822 – 8 November 1890) was a composer, pianist, organist, and music teacher who worked in Paris during his adult life.
  • Weber: "Euryanthe," opera, Vienna

    Euryanthe is a German "grand, heroic, romantic" opera by Carl Maria von Weber, first performed at the Theater am Kärntnertor, Vienna on 25 October 1823. Though acknowledged as one of Weber's most important operas, the work is rarely staged because of the weak libretto by Helmina von Chézy (who, incidentally, was also the author of the failed play Rosamunde, for which Franz Schubert wrote music).
  • Symphony No. 1 in C Minor

    Audio recording of Symphony No. 1 in C MinorThis was composed by Mendelssohn when he was aged 15, and composed for a full orchestra. It showed influences of Beethoven, and Carl Maria von Weber.
  • Bassoon was redesigned

    Bassoon was redesigned
    Bassoon was redesigned by Carl Almenrader.
  • Midsummer Night's Dream

    Mendelssohn composes for Shakespeare's Midsummer Night's Dream. This would eventually become one of Mendelssohn's most known pieces.
  • "Jim Crow," an early American popular song, sung by Thomas "Daddy" Rice

    Jump Jim CrowJump Jim Crow is a song and dance from 1828 that was done in blackface by white comedian Thomas Dartmouth (T.D.) "Daddy" Rice. The first song sheet edition appeared in the early 1830s, published by E. Riley. The number was supposedly inspired by the song and dance of a crippled African slave called Jim Cuff or Jim Crow variously claimed to have resided in St. Louis, Cincinnati or Pittsburgh. The song became a great 19th century hit and Rice performed all over the country as Daddy Jim Crow.
  • Bach's St. Matthew Passion rediscovered and revived by Felix Mendelssohn at Berlin Singakademie, 100 years after its first performance in Leipzeig (Good Friday, 1729)

    In 1829 he rediscovered J.S. Bach's "St. Matthew Passion" at the Berlin Singakademie 100 years after its first (Good Friday) performance in 1729, and directed the first performance since Bach's death, launching his career as a pianist and conductor.
  • Rossini: "Guillaume Tell," Paris Opera ( William Tell)

    Guillaume Tell is an opera in four acts by Gioachino Rossini to a French libretto by Etienne de Jouy and Hippolyte Bis, based on Friedrich Schiller's play Wilhelm Tell. Based on the legend of William Tell, this opera was Rossini's last, even though the composer lived for nearly forty more years. The William Tell Overture, with its famous finale, is a major part of the concert and recording repertoire.
  • Louis-Hector Berlioz completed his "Symphonie Fantastique."

    Louis-Hector Berlioz completed his "Symphonie Fantastique."
    Berlioz: Symphonie Fantastique- 5th MovementSymphonie fantastique: Épisode de la vie d'un Artiste...en cinq parties (Fantastic Symphony: An Episode in the Life of an Artist, in Five Parts), Op. 14, is a program symphony written by the French composer Hector Berlioz in 1830. It is an important representative piece of the early Romantic period, and is still very popular with concert audiences worldwide. The first performance took place at the Paris Conservatoire in December 1830. The work was repeatedly revised between 1831 and 1845 and sub
  • Berlioz: "Symphonie Fantastique," Opus 14, revised version, Paris

    Berlioz: Symphonie Fantastique: Marche au supplice - Colin DavisSymphonie fantastique: Épisode de la vie d'un Artiste...en cinq parties (Fantastic Symphony: An Episode in the Life of an Artist, in Five Parts), Op. 14, is a program symphony written by the French composer Hector Berlioz in 1830. It is an important representative piece of the early Romantic period, and is still very popular with concert audiences worldwide. The first performance took place at the Paris Conservatoire in December 1830.
  • Leopold Damrosch, German- American comductor, born

    Leopold Damrosch, German- American comductor, born
    Damrosch was born in Posen (Poznań), Kingdom of Prussia, and began his musical education at the age of nine, learning the violin against the wishes of his parents, who wanted him to become a doctor. Capitulating to the wishes of his parents he entered the University of Berlin and completed his PhD in medicine but during his spare time he studied violin under Ries, and thorough bass with Dehn and Bohmer. After he completed his degree Damrosch decided to dedicate his life and energy to music.
  • Johannes Brahms

    Johannes Brahms
    Johannes Brahms, German composer and pianist was born. He would become of the leading musicians of the Romantic Period.
  • Konradin Kreutzer: "Das Nachtlager in Granada" (The Night at Camp Grenada),romantic opera, Vienna

    Das Nachtlager in Granada (The Night Camp in Granada) is a romantic opera in two acts by Conradin Kreutzer. The libretto is written by Karl Johann Braun von Braunthal based on Johann Friedrich Kind’s drama Das Nachtlager von Granada.
  • Schumann founded the Neue Zeitschrift fur Musik

    Schumann founded the Neue Zeitschrift fur Musik, which in English is the New Journal For Music. The purpose of this was to give publicize music, and to stimulate and improve the musical tastes of music in the time. Through this, Schumann raised th standards of music criticism, and helped promote the careers of any composers like Brahms, Chopin and Berlioz. Schumann would be the publisher for this for 10 years.
  • Schumann composes Kinderszenen

    Schumann composes Kinderszenen, a set of 13 pieces of music, which is based around of reminiscing childhood when you are an adult.
  • Tchaikovsky was born

    Russian composer Tchaikovsky was born.
  • Nicolo Paganini, Italian composer and violinist, dies

    Nicolo Paganini, Italian composer and violinist, dies
    Niccolò (or Nicolò) Paganini (27 October 1782 – 27 May 1840) was an Italian violinist, violist, guitarist, and composer. He was one of the most celebrated violin virtuosi of his time, and left his mark as one of the pillars of modern violin technique. His Caprice No. 24 in A minor, Op. 1, is among the best known of his compositions, and has served as an inspiration for many prominent composers.
  • Schumann: Symphony No. 1 in B-flat major, Opus 38 ("The Spring"), Leipzig

    Symphony No.1 in B flat majot Op.38 "Spring" I.Andante-Allegro PART I.Symphony No. 1 in B flat major, Op. 38 was the first symphonic work composed by Robert Schumann. Although Schumann made some "symphonic attempts" in the autumn of 1840 soon after he married his beloved Clara Wieck, he did not compose his First Symphony until early 1841. Schumann sketched the symphony in four days from 23 January to 26 January and completed the orchestration within a month by 20 February.The premiere took place under the baton of Felix Mendelssohn on 31 March 1841 in Leipzig.
  • The New York Philharmonic Orchestra was founded.

    The New York Philharmonic Orchestra was founded.
    The New York Philharmonic (officially the Philharmonic-Symphony Society of New York)[1] is a symphony orchestra based in New York City in the United States. It is one of the American orchestras commonly referred to as the "Big Five". The Philharmonic's home is Avery Fisher Hall, located in New York's Lincoln Center.
    Organized in 1842, the orchestra is older than any other extant American symphonic institution by nearly four decades; its record-setting 14,000th concert was given in December 20
  • Wagner: "Rienzi, " Dresden

    Wagner: "Rienzi, " Dresden
    Rienzi, der Letzte der Tribunen (WWV 49) (Rienzi, the Last of the Tribunes) is an early opera by Richard Wagner in five acts, with the libretto written by the composer after Bulwer-Lytton's novel of the same name (1835). The title is commonly shortened to Rienzi. Written between July 1838 and November 1840, it was first performed at the Hofoper, Dresden on October 20, 1842, and was the composer's first success.
  • Mendelssohn: music to Shakespeare's " A Midsummer Night's Dream " performed for the first time, Potsdam; Overture 1826

    Mendelssohn: music to Shakespeare's " A Midsummer Night's Dream " performed for the first time, Potsdam; Overture 1826
    A Midsummer Night's Dream is a play that was written by William Shakespeare. It is believed to have been written between 1590 and 1596. It portrays the events surrounding the marriage of the Duke of Athens, Theseus, and the Queen of the Amazons, Hippolyta. These include the adventures of four young Athenian lovers and a group of 9 amateur actors, who are manipulated by the fairies who inhabit the forest in which most of the play is set.
  • Minute Waltz composed by Chopin

    The Minute Waltz, otherwise known as Waltz in D flat major, was composed by Chopin as a waltz for solo piano.
  • Wagner completes the text of his teralogy "Der Ring des Nibelungen" (Music completed in 1847)

    Richard Wagner - Das Rheingold - Der Ring des NibelungenThe evolution of Richard Wagner's operatic tetralogy The Ring of the Nibelung was a long and tortuous process, and the precise sequence of events which led the composer to embark upon such a vast undertaking is still unclear. The composition of the text took place between 1848 and 1853, when all four libretti were privately printed; but the closing scene of the final opera, Götterdämmerung, was revised a number of times between 1856 and 1872.
  • Hungarian Rhapsody No. 2 is composed by Franz Liszt

    Hungarian Rhapsody No. 2 It is the second of a set of 19 Hungarian Rhapsodies composed by Franz Liszt, and is the most famous of the set.
  • Felix Mendelssohn passed away

    Felix Mendelssohn, German pianist, composer, organist, and conductor, passed away.
  • Rigoletta, by Verdi premieres

    Rigoletta, an opera by Giuseppe Verdi premieres in Venice. It is considered to be on of the firsts of Verdi's operatic masterpieces during the middle-to-late section of his career.
  • Verdi's Rigoletto debuts in Venice.

    Verdi's Rigoletto debuts in Venice.
    Born Marie Constance Sasse in Oudenaarde, to a father who was a military band-master, Marie Sasse studied music at the Ghent Conservatory with François-Auguste Gevaert and in Milan with Francesco Lamperti, and made her debut in Venice as Gilda in Verdi's Rigoletto in 1852.
  • Henry Steinway creates his first piano.

    Henry Steinway created his first piano in this time period. Steinway pianos would later evolve into one of the best in the business.
  • Robert Schumann Passes Away

    Robert Schumann passed away at the age of 46, and spent the last couple years of his life in an asylum. This was because he feared insanity for much of his life.
  • Piano Concerto No.1 is composed by Brahms

    Johannes Brahms composed Piano Concerto No. 1. The public debut of this concerto was a year after, in 1859, at Hanover Germany.
  • First Opera House opened in New Orleans

    In New Orleans, Louisiana, the first opera house opened.
  • Gounod: "Faust," opera, Paris

    Gounod: "Faust," opera, Paris
    Faust is a grand opera in five acts by Charles Gounod to a French libretto by Jules Barbier and Michel Carré from Carré's play Faust et Marguerite, in turn loosely based on Johann Wolfgang von Goethe's Faust, Part 1. It debuted at the Théâtre Lyrique on the Boulevard du Temple in Paris on 19 March 1859.
  • "Tannhauser," a scandal in Paris

    "Tannhauser," a scandal in Paris
    Tannhäuser was first performed at the Paris Opera (Salle Le Peletier) on March 13th 1861. For the occasion Wagner reworked the score and included a ballet (the famous Bacchanale) as was the practice at the Paris Opera. However, this first performance caused such a scandal and such a violent confrontation between the parti-sans and opponents of this innovative music that only three per-formances took place.
  • Wagner: "Tristan and Isolde," Munich

    Tristan und Isolde (Tristan and Isolde, or Tristan and Isolda, or Tristran and Ysolt) is an opera, or music drama, in three acts by Richard Wagner to a German libretto by the composer, based largely on the romance by Gottfried von Straßburg. It was composed between 1857 and 1859 and premiered in Munich on 10 June 1865 with Hans von Bülow conducting. Wagner referred to "Tristan und Isolde" not as an opera, but called it "Eine Handlung" (literally drama or plot).
  • Johann Strauss II: "The Blue Danube," waltz

    Johann Strauss II - The Blue Danube WaltzThe Blue Danube is the common English title of An der schönen blauen Donau, Op. 314 (German for On the Beautiful Blue Danube), a waltz by the Austrian composer Johann Strauss II, composed in 1866. Originally performed 15 February 1867 at a concert of the Wiener Männergesangsverein (Vienna Men's Choral Association), it has been one of the most consistently popular pieces of music in the classical repertoire.
  • Brahms: "Ein deutsches Requiem," Opus 45

    Brahms - Ein Deutsches Requiem, Op. 45: VII. Selig sind die Toten, die in dem Herrn sterben(Part II)A German Requiem, To Words of the Holy Scriptures, Op. 45 (German: Ein deutsches Requiem, nach Worten der heiligen Schrift) by Johannes Brahms, is a large-scale work for chorus, orchestra, and a soprano and a baritone soloist, composed between 1865 and 1868. It comprises seven movements, which together last 65 to 80 minutes, making this work Brahms's longest composition. A German Requiem is sacred but non-liturgical.
  • Gioacchina Rossini Dies in Paris

    Famous opera writer Gioacchino Rossini passed away at the age of 76 in Paris in 1868. Although he passed away in 1868, his last composed opera was written in 1829.
  • Bruckner: Symphony No. 2, Vienna

    Bruckner Symphony No.8 -1M (2/8)C.Eschenbach Vienna PhilharmonicAnton Bruckner's Symphony No. 2 in C minor was completed in 1872, and revised, like most of Bruckner's other symphonies, at various points thereafter.It was composed after the Symphony No. 0 in D minor (which was itself composed after the Symphony No. 1 in C minor). It is the only "official" Bruckner symphony (that is to say, excluding No. 0) without a dedication: Franz Liszt tacitly rejected the dedication, and Richard Wagner chose the Symphony No. 3 in D minor instead.
  • Carmen premieres

    Carmen, the opera by Georges Bizet, opens in Paris. However it is denounced by critics. It would open again in Vienna in October 1875, and would become a worldwide hit.
  • Premiere of Sixth Symphony

    Tchaikovsky conducts and premiers the Sixth Symphony in St. Petersburg.
  • Tchaikovsky passes away

    Tchaikovsky passes away from cholera.