U.S. History: 1887-2008

By JROb44
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    Early American History (1776-1860)

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    Civil War/Reconstruction (1860-1877)

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    The Gilded Age (1877-1900)

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    The Progressive Era (1890-1920)

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    Imperialism (1898-1910)

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    World War I (1914-1918)

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    Roaring Twenties (1920-1929)

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    Great Depression (1929-1939)

  • Neutrality Acts

    Outlawed arms sales and loans to nations at war
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    World War II (1939-1945)

  • Lend-Lease Act

    The U.S. will now lead war supplies to Allies
  • United Nations formed

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    Early Cold War (1945-1960)

    1.containment- is a geopolitical strategic foreign policy pursued by the United States.
    2.Arms Race- occurs when two or more nations compete in increases in military personnel.
    3.The Union of Soviet Socialist Republics-officially the Union of Soviet Socialist Republics.
    4.Communism-a political theory derived from Karl Marx, advocating class war and leading to a society.
    5.Domino Theory-the theory that a political event in one country will cause similar events in neighboring countries.
  • Truman Doctrine

    U.S. policy that gave military and economic aid to countries threatened by communism
  • 22nd Amendment:

    prohibits anyone who has been elected president twice from being elected again
  • Berlin Airlift

  • Marshall Plan

    program to help European countries rebuild after World War II
  • NATO established

  • Korean War

  • Sweatt v. Painter

    ruled the separate law school at the University of Texas failed to qualify as “separate but equal”
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    Civil Rights Era (1950-1970)

    Great Society-a domestic program in the administration of President Lyndon B.
    Thurgood Marshall- American lawyer and civil rights activist who served as Associate Justice of the Supreme Court of the United States.
    Black Panthers- was a Black Power political organization.
    Non-Violent Protests- is the practice of achieving goals such as social change through symbolic protests.
    Cesar Chavez-was an American labor leader, community organizer, businessman, and Latino American civil rights activist.
  • Rosenbergs trial

  • First H-Bomb detonated by the United States

  • Hernandez v. Texas

    Mexican Americans and all other races provided equal protection under the 14th Amendment
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    Vietnam War (1954-1976)

    1.Vietnamization:the US policy of withdrawing its troops and transferring the responsibility.
    2.Anti-War Movement: is a social movement
    3.Cuban Missile Crisis:A confrontation between the United States and the Soviet Union in 1962 over the presence of missile sites in Cuba.
    4.Credibility Gap:a lack of popular confidence in the truth of the claims or public statements made by the federal government
    5.Roy Benavidez: United States Army master sergeant who received the Medal of Honor.
  • Brown v. Board of Education of Topeka

    overturned Plessy v. Ferguson and mandated desegregation
  • Jonas Salk invents the Polio Vaccine

  • Montgomery Bus Boycott after Rosa Parks’ arrest

  • USSR launches Sputnik

  • Yates vs. United States

    First Amendment protected radical and revolutionary speech, even by Communists unless it was a clear and present danger to the safety of the country
  • Little Rock Nine integrated into an all-white school in Little Rock, AK

  • Mapp vs. Ohio

    illegally seized evidence cannot be used in court against the accused
  • Bay of Pigs Invasion in Cuba

  • Berlin Wall built to prevent people from leaving communist East Berlin

  • Baker vs. Carr

    Court established the principle of "one man, one vote," meaning that election districts would have to be redrawn to provide equal representation for all a state's citizens.
  • Engel vs. Vitale

    State laws requiring prayers and Bible readings in public schools violated the First Amendment.
  • Cuban Missile Crisis

    A period in 1962 in which the Soviet Union had placed nuclear missiles in Cuba to annoy and scare the United States.
  • 24th Amendment

    Abolishes the poll tax
  • Gideon vs Wainwright

    required state courts provide counsel for indigent defendants
  • Martin Luther King’s “I Have a Dream Speech” at the March on Washington

  • John F. Kennedy is assassinated in Dallas, TX

  • Escobedo vs. Illinois

    Required the police to inform an arrested person of his or her right to remain silent
  • Civil Rights Act of 1964

    Made discrimination based on race, religion, or national origin in public places illegal and required employers to hire on an equal opportunity basis
  • Gulf of Tonkin Resolution

    begins undeclared war in Vietnam
  • Griswold vs. Conneticut

    citing the right to privacy, a state could not prohibit the use of contraceptives by adults(laid the foundation for later cases on abortion)
  • Medicare and Medicaid established

    Authorized by Title XIX of the Social Security Act, Medicaid was signed into law in 1965 alongside Medicare. All states, the District of Columbia, and the U.S. territories have Medicaid programs designed to provide health coverage for low-income people
  • Voting Rights Act of 1965

    Eliminated literacy tests for voters
  • Miranda vs. Arizona(

    Extended Escobedo ruling to include the right to a lawyer being present during questioning by police.
  • Tet Offensive

    The Tet Offensive was a coordinated series of North Vietnamese attacks on more than 100 cities and outposts in South Vietnam. The offensive was an attempt to foment rebellion among the South Vietnamese population and encourage the United States to scale back its involvement in the Vietnam War.
  • Martin Luther King is assassinated

  • Civil Rights Act of 1968

    prohibited discrimination in the sale or rental of housing
  • First Man on the Moon

  • Tinker v. Des Moines

    defined the First Amendment rights for students in the United States Public Schools
  • Kent State University shooting

    The Kent State shootings, also known as the May 4 massacre and the Kent State massacre, were the killings of four and wounding of nine other unarmed Kent State University students by the Ohio National Guard on May 4, 1970 in Kent, Ohio, 40 miles south of Cleveland.
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    End of the Cold War (1970-1991)

  • Pentagon Papers leaked

    The Pentagon Papers, officially titled "Report of the Office of the Secretary of Defense Vietnam Task Force", was commissioned by Secretary of Defense Robert McNamara in 1967. In June of 1971, small portions of the report were leaked to the press and widely distributed.
  • 26 amendment

    moved the voting age from 21 years old to 18 years old
  • Title IX

    protects people from discrimination based on gender in education programs
  • war powers act

    law limited the President’s right to send troops to battle without Congressional approval
  • Watergate Scandal, which leads to Nixon’s Resignation

    He fired White House Counsel John Dean, who went on to testify before the Senate Watergate Committee and said that he believed and suspected the conversations in the Oval Office were being taped. This information became the bombshell that helped force, Richard Nixon, to resign rather than be impeached.
  • Fall of Saigon, marks the end of the Vietnam War

    On April 30, 1975, North Vietnamese troops entered Saigon as the last Americans evacuated the city. The surrender of South Vietnam ended the decades-long war and signaled the reunification of North and South Vietnam. The country had been divided in 1954.
  • End of the Cold War

    Opec-an organization founded in 1960 of nations that export large amounts of petroleum formed to establish oil-exporting policies and set prices
    Sandra Day O’Connor-the first woman associate justice of the Supreme Court of the United States from 1981 to 2006
    Community Reinvestment Act of 1977-The Community Reinvestment Act is a United States federal law designed to encourage banks
    AIDS Epidemic-transmissible disease of the immune system
    Star Wars-proposed U.S. strategic defensive system
  • Camp David Accords

    The Camp David Accords were a pair of political agreements signed by Egyptian President Anwar Sadat and Israeli Prime Minister Menachem Begin on 17 September 1978, following twelve days of secret negotiations at Camp David, the country retreat of the President of the United States in Maryland.
  • three mile island disaster

    The Three Mile Island accident was a partial meltdown of reactor number 2 of Three Mile Island Nuclear Generating Station in Dauphin County, Pennsylvania, near Harrisburg, and subsequent radiation leak that occurred on March 28, 1979. It is the most significant accident in U.S. commercial nuclear power plant history.
  • Iran Hostage Crisis

    The Iran hostage crisis was a diplomatic standoff between the United States and Iran. Fifty-two American diplomats and citizens were held hostage after a group of militarized Iranian college student
  • Iran Contra Affair

    The Iran-Contra Affair involved senior administration officials in the Reagan administration secretly facilitated the sale of arms to Iran, which was the subject of an arms embargo
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    1990s-21st Century (1990-2008)