Twentieth Century 1930-2000

Timeline created by velmarangelica
In Music
  • Early Computers

    Size of a classroom
    very little power
  • Tape Music

    Musique concrete elements
    electronically produced sounds
    Columbia University
  • The Synthesizer

    RCA
    changed the course of electronic music
  • MIDI (Musical Instrument Digital Interface)

    Incorporated into all new synthesizers in '83. How computers and electronic instruments talked to each other.
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    Composer: Anton von Webern

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    Composer: Jean Sibelius

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    Composer: Amy Marcy Cheney Beach

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    Composer: Scott Joplin

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    Composer: Ralph Vaughan Williams

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    Composer: Aleksandr Skryabin

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    Composer: Sergei Rachmaniov

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    Composer: Arnold Schoenberg

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    Composer: Gustav Holst

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    Composer: Manuel de Falla

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    Composer: Bela Bartok

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    Composer: Igor Stravinsky

    Rite of Spring
    Serial/ neoclassic
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    Composer: Zoltan Kodaly

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    Composer: Edgar Varese

    Electronic Music
    French American composer
    percussion music
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    Composer: Alban Berg

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    Composer: Heitor Villa-Lobos

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    Composer: Sergei Prokofiev

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    Composer: Paul Hindemith

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    Composer: William Grant Still

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    Composer: George Gershwin

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    Composer: Duke Ellington

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    Composer: Carlos Chavez

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    Composer: Aaron Copland

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    Composer: Louis Armstrong

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    Composer: Dimitri Shostakovich

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    Composer: Elliot Carter

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    Composer: Olivier Messiaen

    Serialist French composer and teacher
    bird songs
    religious music
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    Composer: Samuel Barber

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    Composer: John Cage

    Strove to encompass all sound
    silence=music?
    Defined music as it is today- "organized sound"
    Memorable Works
    - 4'33"
    - Solo for sliding trombone
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    Composer: Benjamin Britten

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    Composer: Milton Babbitt

    American Composer
    "Who Cares if You Listen?" article
    computer music
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    Composer: Leonard Bernstein

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    Style: Non-tonal

    Focused on musical elements other than pitch. Edgard Varese. New musical timbres and modern orchestration techniques
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    Composer: Pierre Boulez

    Most important composer and conductor of the French avant-garde
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    Composer: Karlheinz Stockhousen

    German composer who made innovations in electronic music and influenced the creation of the synthesizer
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    Composer: John Williams

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    Composer: Krzysztof Penderecki

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    Composer: Terry Riley

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    Composer: Philip Glass

    Pioneer of Minimalism
    One of the most famous composers alive
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    Style: Musique concrete

    French style
    Sounds made by natural source
    Think cat video
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    Composer: Paul Lansky

    American composer, theorist, professor at Princeton, and critic
    Pioneer in digitial sound synthesis
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    Composer: John Adams

    American composer who successfully combined elements of New Romanticism and minimalism into a post minimalist style
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    Composer: Andrew Lloyd Webber

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    Style: Aleatoric

    Chance/ roll of the dice
    Greatly influenced by John Cage
    Think "Radio Music"
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    Style: Indeterminate

    Based on chance
    Very Specific
    Cage
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    Style: Electronische Musik

    Developed in Cologne, Germany
    Karlheinz Stockhaused built/ developed the synthesizer
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    Style: Textural

    Similar to non-tonal
    Sound masses/ blocks
    contrapuntal
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    Style: Maximized Expressionism

    Integral serialism
    Complete complexity
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    Style: Minimalism

    Repetition
    Changes are gradual
    Slight changes become major events
    Simple
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    Style: Neo-Romanticism

    An aesthetic attempting to identify with the beauty of romantic music
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    Style: Post-Modernism

    Continued Serialism (Schoenberg/12 tone system)
    Freer Forms
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    Composer: Eric Whitacre

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    Style: Totalism

    Response to minimalism by new york composers
    complex
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    Style: New Complexity

    Similar to Totalism
    abstract