Middle east

Timeline of The Middle East

  • 570


    Muhammad was the Prophet or Messenger used by Allah to inform the Koran. "Islam" was founded by him. Muslims think of him as the guardian of an original monotheistic faith of prophets such as: Jesus, Adam, Abraham, Noah, Moses, and others. Muhammad was an active man that also worked as a merchant, philosopher, military general, and a few others according to Muslim belief, He is one of the most important people to Islam religion.
  • Mar 1, 1095

    First Crusade

    First Crusade
    Throughout the first crusade, knights and peasants from all over Western Europe traveled by land and sea to get to Constantinople and then made their way towards Jerusalem as crusaders. The peasants out numbered the knights but because the knights and peasants were split into different armies, only the knights succeeded and reached Jerusalem. Once they got their, the crusaders established a siege and captured Jerusalem in July of 1099.They now owned four new places including Kingom of Jerusalem.
  • Jan 1, 1147

    Second Crusade

    Second Crusade
    The second Crusade was the second critical crusade that launched form Europe. It was announced in 1145, as a reaction to the fall County of Edessa. This crusade was brought up by Pope Eugene the third and was the first crusade to ever be lead by European Kings. The present crusade in the east at that time was a failure for the crusaders and a wonderful success for the Muslims. The second crusade would have an outstanding influence on the fall of Jerusalem and the upcoming third crusade.
  • Jan 1, 1187

    Third Crusade

    Third Crusade
    The third crusade has been known as the Kings Crusade because it was brought up by European leaders to get back the Holy Land from Saladin. Since the second crusade was a failure they made a new dynasty become leader which made a few conflicts stir up. Their tended to be some military success, but the Christian leaders had a discussion over the disgrace of war. In September, 1192, Saladin and Richard made a treaty that said Muslims would still own Jerusalem but Christian Pilgrims could visit.
  • Suddam Hussein

    Suddam Hussein
    Saddam was a dictator and president of Iraq for thirty years. He was a mad man, a loose cannon that could set off at any time in the Middle East. Everyone was afraid of him. He was the leader of the Kuwait invasion in 1990. The United states had enough of him so the United states and the United Nations lead a military force against him. This was called the Persian Gulf war. As a result, Iraq leaves Kuwait. Saddam wasn't a good leader while he was the president of Iraq because he was a crazy man.
  • Arab-Israeli war

    Arab-Israeli war
    The Arab-Israeli War fought in 1948 was known as the catastrophe to the Arabs and the War of independence by the Israelis. It was the first battle to be fought between the new declared State of Israel and Arabia. Syria, Egypt, Jordan, Lebanon, and Iraq all at once attacked Israel directly after becoming their own state. The war ceased after the 1949 Armistice Agreements, not to mention that did not end the Arab-Israeli conflict.
  • Osama bin Laden

    Osama bin Laden
    Osama bin Laden was the founder of al-Qaeda. He believes in Jihad which can mean "holy war". His beliefs also contain thought that the west is full of sin(music). He came to Afganistan to fight the enemies of Islam away. He grew up as a rich kid from Saudi Arabia and tended to be a hard worker and smart up until college. Osama bin Laden thinks that the restoration of Sharia law will make things perfect in the muslim society.
  • Iranian Hostage Crisis

    Iranian Hostage Crisis
    The unsettling hostage crisis was a conniving crisis between the United States and Iran where 53 Americans were held hostage for exactly 444 dayswhich was from November 4, 1979 until January 20, 1981. The hostage crisis stired up after a group of militants and Islamist students took over the American Embassy in assistance of the Iranian Revolution. Iran tries to arrest the Shah but the U.S. help him escape.
  • Soviet-Afghan 10 year War

    Soviet-Afghan 10 year War
    Afganistan went to war with the Soviet Union but the Soviet Union decied to remove themselves which then left the Afganistan war to continue. Afgahanistan now has no governmet to support the country, that leads to chaos and a mess. Their is no economy at state so all they have are poppies to rely on. What then stands is a rival tribal group and tons of old, left behind weapons. The Taliban takes over because of how weak this country came to be.
  • Iraq Iran War

    Iraq Iran War
    The Iraq-Iran war was also known as the imposed war. The cause for the war was Iraq and Iran had different oppinions about the border between them two. Making the conflict go way back to 1971, when Iran occupied few of Iraqi islands in the Persian Gulf.By 1980 Iraq thought that Iran was powerless after the Iranian Revolution, so that Iraq would be able to take less time and work trying to occupy Iranian territory.The war didn't really go far for either side during most of the eight years at war.
  • Al-Qaeda

    Al- Qaeda formed in the middle of 1988. Al- Qaeda is a terrorist group that is responsibe for 9-11-2001. They are a stateless organization that the Taliban gave a sanctuary to. Al-Qaeda are extremists about everything. If they think something isn't right they take extreme measures unlike other people would do. They opperate different cells and do whatever they can to get what al-Qaeda wants. Some of the techniques may include suicide attacks or bombings of different targets in a certain area.
  • Invasion of Kuwait

    Invasion of Kuwait
    The invasion of Kuwait was an astounding conflict between the state of Kuwait and the Republic of Iraq. Within only two days of mind blowing madness, the majority of the Kuwaiti Armed Forces were either defeated by the Iraqi Republican power, or fled to Saudi Arabia and Bahrain. In the year 1990, Iraq thought Kuwait was stealing Iraq's oil through slant drilling. In the end, the Iraqi's won victory and had an Iraqi-backed government installed.
  • Taliban

    The Taliban was brought up in 1994, five years after the Soviet Union troops had a withdraw from Afghanistan. Taliban supports terrorists and governed Afghanistan from 1996 to 2001. They are Islamic fundamentalists and instituted a strict form of Sharia Law. Al- Qaeda and Taliban share the same beliefs and they give al-Qaeda training cams in Afghanistan. They Reject western and american ideas and most of the schools there are closed.
  • 9/11 terrorist attack

    9/11 terrorist attack
    The terrorist attack on 9/11/01 happended early morning in New York (8:46AM). Their were 19 hijackers, the majority which were from Saudi Arabia, decided to aim for the twin towers. They took over four planes and had support from Al Qaeda. Two Planes crashed into the Twin Towers that lead to a huge disaster. Also the third out of the four planes they hijacked, crept along and struck the Pentagon. The fourth plane crashed into a field in Pennsylvania after passengers attempted to retake control.
  • U.S. Invades Iraq

    U.S. Invades Iraq
    Four countries took action with troops during the actual invasion, which lasted from March 20 to May 1. These countries were: The United States, United Kingdom, Australia, and Poland. This invasion created the beginning of the current Iraq war. The United states invaded Iraq because Iraq supported terrorism and the Untied States is against terrorists more now because of 9-11. Iraq also haven't disarmed since their last war and The United States thought Iraq carried WMD'S.