Timeline of the Exploration of the Planets

By rainen
  • First attempt at flyby

    First attempt at flyby
    The Russian spacecraft Marsnik was the first attempt at flying by another planet in the solar system. Unfortunately it suffered from launch failure and never made it anywhere
  • First succesful venus flyby

    First succesful venus flyby
    Mariner 2, a US spacecraft was the first of its kind to successfully fly by Venus
  • First succesful Mars flyby

    First succesful Mars flyby
    Mariner 4 was the first craft to succesfully flyby Mars, repeating the sucess of the Mariner 2.
  • First succesful Venus probe

    First succesful Venus probe
    The Venera 4, a Russian probe, was the first man made object to succesfully analyse Venus.
  • First venus landing

    First venus landing
    The Venera 7 was the first man-made object to return data after landing on another planet.
  • First sucessful Mars Lander

    First sucessful Mars Lander
    Mars 3, a Russian lander was the first man made vessal to land on Mars. It analized all aspects of Mars that could show signs or possibilities of life.
  • First Jupiter flyby

    First Jupiter flyby
    Pioneer 10 was a US made probe. It was the first to complete an interplanetary mission to Jupiter, and eventually became the first spacecraft to achieve escape velocity from the Solar System.
  • First probe to encounter Saturn

    First probe to encounter Saturn
    Pioneer 11 robotic space probe launched by NASA on April 6, 1973 to study the asteroid belt, the environment around Jupiter and Saturn, solar wind, cosmic rays, and eventually the far reaches of the solar system and heliosphere.
  • First photo of Venus

    First photo of Venus
    Venera 9 was composed of an orbiter and a lander. The orbiter was the first spacecraft to orbit Venus, while the lander was the first to return images from the surface of another planet.
  • Voyager 2

    Voyager 2
    Voyager 2 is a space probe launched by NASA. It's mission is to study the outer Solar System and eventually interstellar space. Operating for 34 years, 4 months and 21 days as of 10 January 2012, the spacecraft receives routine commands and transmits data back to the Deep Space Network. It was the first probe to provide detailed images of the outer gas giants.
  • Voyager 1

    Voyager 1
    The Voyager 1 spacecraft is a space probe launched by NASA whos mission, like it's sister craft Voyager 2, is to study the outer Solar System and eventually interstellar space. Operating for 34 years, 4 months and 5 days as of 10 January 2012, the spacecraft receives routine commands and transmits data back to the Deep Space Network. As of October 2011 it is the farthest man-made object from Earth with a distance of 119 astronomical units.