Timeline 6: Post-1900s Era (1930-2000)

Timeline created by kaileycloud
In Music
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    John Philip Sousa

    bandmaster know for composing many marches
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    Charles Ives

    American composer, considered one of the great composers of the 20th century, very innovative. Polytonality, polyrhythms and polymeters, quotations of American tunes and hymns, limited atonality
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    Robert Nathaniel Dett

    Pianist, studied with Natalie Boulanger and at Harvard and Columbia
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    Edgard Varèse

    French-American composer. Important pioneer in percussion music
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    Florence Price

    first black female composer to have symphony performed by major American orchestra: Symphony No. 1 in E minor
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    Sergei Prokofiev

    Russian composer, did music for piano, orchestra, and film music
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    William Grant Still

    First Black American composer to have a symphony and opera performed by a major ensemble
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    George Gershwin

    American composer: wrote classical, concert hall music infused with jazz and popular music
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    Duke Ellington

    Major band leader in the swing era and then in the big band era
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    Aaron Copland

    Composer, teacher, critic, conductor, and sponsor of concerts
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    Olivier Messiaen

    Serialism French composer and teacher. Incorporated bird songs into his music
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    Elliott Carter

    An American composer; influential as a teacher and as a composer
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    Alex North

    Film Composer. popular works: A Streetcar Named Desire
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    John Cage

    Influenced modern compositional techniques. Helped change the definition of music to "organized sound" due to the modern techniques used in his compositions.
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    Billie Holiday

    Leading female jazz singer
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    Milton Babbitt

    American composer, teacher, and music theorist.
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    Leonard Bernstein

    Conductor, composer, teacher, pianist, lecturer, TV personality
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    György Ligeti

    Hungarian Composer, teacher. Active in electronic music. Wrote music for "2001 A Space Odyssey" (1968).
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    Pierre Boulez

    most important composer of the French avant-garde. Maximalism
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    Luciano Berio

    Italian composer. Leader of modern Italian composition in the 20th century. Helped establish electronic studio in Milan
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    Karlheinz Stockhausen

    German composer that innovated electronic music and other types of experimental music
  • George Crumb

    American composer and teacher. Composed orchestral music, modern madrigals, song cycles, chamber music, and piano music
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    Henryk Górecki

    His style features: minimalism, neo-tonality, clusters, and strong emotional symbolism
  • Peter and the Wolf, Opus 67

    orchestral piece
  • Paul Lansky

    American composer, professor, theorist, and critic. Pioneer in digital sound synthesis
  • Sonatas and Interludes - John Cage

    16 sonatas for piano
  • “A Black Pierrot” from Songs of Separation - William Grant Still

    art song, text by Langston Hughes (1902-67)
  • 4'33" - John Cage

    Described as a piece to be played in any way by anyone
  • The RCA Mark II synthesizer

  • West Side Story - Leonard Bernstein

    Musical theater production based on Romeo and Juliet
  • Ancient Voices of Children - George Crumb

    5 songs and 2 instrumental interludes. Based on poems by Federico Garcia Lorca
  • modular synthesizer

  • MIDI

  • "notjustmoreidlechatter" - Paul Lansky

    a scoreless piece composed for female voice