Post-Romanticism(1890-1930)

Timeline created by michellexu
In Music
  • 12 Tone Technique

    Invented by Schoenberg.
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    Mahler

    A Maximalist composer.
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    Debussy

    Introduced musical Impressionism in France.
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    Strauss

    A Maximalist composer.
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    Satie

    An Impressionist/Undisguised Avant-Garde Composer.
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    Schoenberg

    Inventor of Musical Expressionism.
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    Ives

    Innovated Atonality.
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    Ravel

    An Impressionist Composer at times.
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    Webern

    An Expressionist Composer.
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    Berg

    An Expressionist Composer.
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    Boulanger

    Important teacher of composers.
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    Maximalism

    A style where musical elements were pushed to the extreme. Thick themes, motives, and textures. Large orchestras were used.
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    Impressionism

    Melodies were important but not required to follow traditional expectations. Vague quality of musical elements were very common. Chord progressions were abandoned and all chords were treated equally. Whole tone and pentatonic scales were used. Textures were employed for color and atmosphere. Simple, large-scale binary and ternary forms were used. Harp/Flute were favored and often used together. Percussion was also used but not as the focal point.
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    Poulenc

    French Composer, part of Les Six
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    Expressionism

    Tonality was abandoned for atonality. Strong emotional expression was the goal. Melodies were optional and harmonies could not be analyzed. Rhythm, form, and timbre remained traditional. Binary and ternary forms, variations, and contrapuntal devices were used. Sprechstimme, an approximated-pitch speaking presentation was invented.
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    Neo-Classicalism

    The revival of of classical textures, topics, and forms were combined with modern harmony, tonality, and timbres.
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    Primitivism

    Western Art Movement that borrowed naive, folk-like non-Western elements.
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    Dadaism

    A movement that reacted against war and European bourgeoise through irrationality, nonsense, and intuition.