Timeline 2: The Baroque(1600-1750)

  • Period: 1551 to

    Guilio Caccini

    one of the founders of opera; gave a description of the new style of singing in his book of "songs" of 1602, le nuove musiche; itialian composer, singer, teacher, and instrumentalist known for 4 stage works , more than 75 songs or arias
  • Period: 1557 to

    Giovanni Gabrieli

    itialian composer and organist; noted for his use of instruments in his sacred music; nephew of Andrea. has written 90 motets, grand concertos instrumental music.
  • Period: 1561 to

    Jacopo Peri

    one of the founders of opera; claimed to be the first in 1579 with his "Dafne"; significant contribution to monody and recitative style. wrote 20 stage works and 30 songs
  • Period: 1563 to

    John Dowland

    Lutenist and the leading composer for lute music; english ,possibly irish. wrote 3 books of songs, many pieces for lute, and some sacred music
  • Period: 1564 to

    William Shakespeare

    English play write and poet; he has been an important force in the field of music from his day to ours
  • Period: 1567 to

    Claudio Monteverdi

    The most important composer of the early baroque; one of the inventers of the new "seconda pratica" wrote 8 books of madrigals, vespers, and 13 operas but not all survived
  • Period: to

    Heinrich Schutz

    Most important German composer of the middle baroque; studied in venice; reportedly composed the first german opera, which was lost. has written madrigals and hundred of choral works
  • Period: to

    The Baroque

  • Period: to

    The Early Baroque

  • Period: to

    Melodic traits of The Early Baroque

    Melody with the homophonic texture become the most expressive device in music. Recitative!!!!!!Recitative was the central emotional component of early opera. Virtuosity became more commonly practiced.
  • Period: to

    Harmonic characteristics of the Early Baroque

    there was a major shift from modality to tonality. by the 1700s tonality dominated with the diatonic scale and 24 major and minor scales
  • Period: to

    Textural characteristics of The Early Baroque

    homophony was huge! Polyphony continued to grow!!
  • Period: to

    Barbra Strozzi

    Virtuoso singer and most prolific composer of cantas in the 17th century; adopted daughter of poet Guilio Strozzi
  • Period: to

    Giovanni Legranzi

    itialian composer and organist; influencial in the middle Baroque; used many short arias in his operas. Wrote 19 Operas, 7 oratios, sacred and secular vocal works
  • Period: to

    Jean-Baptiste Lully

    Establisher of french opera and ballet; dancer and violinist; itilian by birth, but claimed to by France. wrote 16 operas, 30+ ballets, motets, instrumental works.
  • Period: to

    Dietrich Buxehude

    German organist and composer; most important organ composer before J. S. Bach; respected by Bach. 100+ sacred vocal works, 100+ works for organ, and instrumental works
  • Period: to

    Marc-Antoine Charpentier

    composer of french opera; pupil of carissimi; equal to Lully and extremly prolific. wrote 11 masses, magnificats, motets, antiphons, psalms, oratios, airs, cantatas, operas, incedental music , and instrumental works.
  • Period: to

    John Blow

    English composer and organist known for his odes; teacher of Purcell. wrote instrumental anthems, many other sacred works, over 100 songs, duets, and trios.
  • Period: to

    The Middle Baroque

  • Period: to

    Melodic characteristics of The Middle Baroque

    Melody became more lyrical bel canto arias and solo songs. melodies were more clearly organized with use of repetition sequence, and contrast. phrases still decided by the text.
  • Period: to

    Harmonic characteristics of the Middle Baroque

    the tonal system of the 24 major and minor scales continued to develop.
  • Period: to

    Textural characteristics of The Middle Baroque

    both homophony and polyphony were commonly used and were generally alternated in a movement or piece.
  • Period: to

    Alessandro Scalatti

    important Itilian composer; teacher in Naples; his death ends the baroque opera; teacher of many galant composers to come. wrote many operas, serenatas, oratios, arias, hundrres of cantatas, 10 masses, motets, madrigals, keyboard works, concertos, theorhetical and pedagogical works.
  • Period: to

    Francois Couperin

    French composer, keyboardist; one of the most important french composers. wrote Sacred and secular vocal works, chamber music, 27 ordres of keyboard works.
  • Period: to

    Antonio Vivaldi

    Italian composer that set the foundation for the late Baroque instrumental music; pioneer of orchestral music; worte 425 concerti grossi, 350 solo concerti, 60 repieni concerti, 45 double concerti, sonatas, masses, psalms, motets, cantatas, oratios, 45 operas, and serenatas.
  • Period: to

    George Phillip Telemann

    most prolific German composer of his day; more popular than bach during the baroque; contributed significantly to concert life in Germany. worte cantatas, passions, oratios, masses, psalms, motets, operas, overtures, concertos, sonatas, quartets, quintets, keyboard works, and theoretical publications
  • Period: to

    Johan Joachim Quantz

    German composer; Flutist and flute teacher to Fredrick the Great in Berlin. wrote 204 sonatas, 300+ concertos, duets, capricicos, vocal works, published treatise on playing the flute (1752)
  • Period: to

    The Late Baroque

  • Period: to

    Melodic characteristics of The Late Baroque

    melodies were governed by fortspinning and sequences. melodies tendended to long for delopment.virtuosity wasvery important as well as improvisations of ornaments.
  • Period: to

    Harmonic characteristics of the Late Baroque

    the 24 major and minor scales we fully established. chromaticism was was being used for expression.
  • Period: to

    Textural characteristics of The Late Baroque

    polyphony began to the serious or "learned" church style;homophony was the language of the modern style.