Timeline: 1850-1861

  • Uncle Tom's Cabin

    Uncle Tom’s Cabin was a bestseller by Harriet Beecher Stowe as it described the horrors of slavery and the terrible conditions which made the North morally question slavery and harden the anti-slavery sentiment. While in the South they stated the tale misrepresented slavery.
  • Republican Party Founded

    The Republican Party Founded in response to the Kansas-Nebraska Act and went against it made up of Northern workers and businessmen, they fought against slavery and the acts that protected slavery. This party was very unpopular and disliked in the South as the party wanted to stop the expansion of slavery.
  • Kansas Nebraska Act

    The Kansas-Nebraska let the states decide whether or not to allow slavery within their borders. So they didn’t have to fight over it becoming a free or slave state for outside reasons. Also, repealing the Missouri Compromise of 1820, making it that the latitude 36°30 wasn’t a factor in whether a state was a free or slave state. Causing people to fight wheater it was going to be a free or slave state as each wanted votes for their side.
  • Bloody Kansas

    Caused by the Kansas-Nebraska act, This period of time was when war was going on between the pro-slavery and anti. Popular society allowed states to allow slavery. People from outside voting making pro-slavery win in Kansas. It causes a target, and people begin the violence. People kill each other, destroy the town of Lawrence, two governments. John Brown participating in my killing people pro-slavery. One of the effects was the start of the Civil war when Kansas was declared a free state.
  • Brooks-Sumner Incident

    This incident was another cause leading to the Civil war. This was when Sumner gave out his speech directed to a problem in Kansas debating for a slave or free state. On the Senate floor, Brooks attacks him, specifically with a cane, hurting Summer badly. This was over the expansion of slavery, he was then favored by the South, even had canes sent to him. Somner was not a senator for a while and faced some hatred.
  • Election 1856

    This election was known as a bitter one, occurring in the midst of the Kansas civil war. James Buchanan got selected as a less controversial candidate. The election was split into rigid sectional lines. In this election, there was John C. who was among slavery wanting to expand it. His thoughts on slavery were that antislavery would cause civil war. Believed in popular sovereignty. In the end, Buchanan won this election. Democrats saw the Republicans as growth in radicalism. He won by 174-114.
  • Dred Scott

    A court case with issues including if Dred is a citizen, did he have rights to sue for protection of rights, were free men allowed to residency in their territory, and lastly, Was it constitutional for Congress to band slavery during the Missouri compromise. This decision states the Missouri compromise was unconstitutional. Dred wasn't a citizen. Many tensions arise between North and South. Received rights of abolishment and citizenship after the civil war, which this decision led to
  • House Divided Speech

    In 1858 in the state convention, Lincoln gave out his speech. Stating that Dred Scott had already started slavery in the North. He believed he needed to act as quickly as possible if the U.S wanted to be free. He states, “ A house divided against itself can not stand” he wanted them to be free. He refers to God because he wanted them to stay united, and slavery will cause division.
  • Lincoln Douglas Debate

    They were debates during the 1858 election campaign for U.S. senator from Illinois between Abraham Lincoln and Stephen A. Douglas. Leading to the southern states, not liking and voting for Douglas in the presidential election two years later. Stating “Slavery cannot exist a day or an hour anywhere," he declared, "unless it is supported by local police regulations ” as he believed that residents of a territory could exclude slavery by refusing to pass laws that protect and allow slavery.
  • LeCompton Constitution

    A constitution knew to declare Kansas as a free state. It was a constitution declaring slavery in Kansas. Its purpose was to protect slavery and to prevent free people from the bill of rights. The people were allowed to approve slavery, approve the constitution without it, or not accept any of the constitutions. Douglas believed it should be popular sovereignty, and James was supportive of it. This constitution was never passed meaning Kansas stayed a free state.
  • Harper's Ferry

    At Harper’s Ferry John Brown led a raid on a group of people with the goal of liberating slaves as he led the armed slaves he raided a federal armory. Leading to the North and South becoming divided whether this raid was good or bad. As he attempted to steal weapons to give to the slaves to allow them to fight back and become free to attack the slave owners. Angering Southerners as they saw this as a terrible act of violence but the North saw his intentions good as he was freeing slaves.
  • John Brown Execution

    Executed on charges of treason, murder, and insurrection sliting the North and South as angering Southerners as they saw this as a terrible act of violence through his raid but the North saw his intentions good as he was freeing slaves.
  • Election 1860

    The election of 1860 was between Abraham Lincoln and John C. Breckinridge. The election Lincoln won was only through the Electoral College as none of the Southern states voted for him leading to them hating the system and believing it unfair. Dividing the nation was a major reason for succession as Lincoln was an abolitionist that believed was going to take away their slaves.
  • Secession

    There was a succession of 11 states from the Union after Lincoln was elected into office. Those being South Carolina, Mississippi, Florida, Alabama, Georgia, Louisiana, Texas, Virginia, Arkansas, North Carolina, and Tennessee in that order. Due to issues of slavery and the election that Lincoln won was only through the Electoral College as non of the Southern states voting for him leading to them hating the system and believing it unfair.
  • Lincoln's 1" inaugural Address

    Address concerns that the South as he promised to not interfere with slavery where it existed. Pledged to suspend the actions of the federal government temporarily in areas of hostility towards the South. He wanted to unite the North and South and stop both sides from being enemies. As his job was to protect, occupy, hold the government and territories involved, not intruding or disturbing the right of privacy of the people. He will keep enforcing laws even on the states that had seceded.