Timeline 1850-1861

  • Uncle's Tom cabin

    Book by Harriet Beecher Stowe. It was a strongly anti-slavery novel that bolstered antislavery views of the North while infuriating the South. It was an instant success, becoming an instant bestseller.
  • Republican Party

    The republican party was founded by a group of whigs. The Whig party was formed in 1834 to go against Andrew Jackson, but they failed to handle the issue of slavery. However, in 1854, a group of anti-slavery whigs came together to form a new party: The Republican Party. It was instantly supported, especially in the North. It got to the point where they almost won the election of 1856; John C.Fermont got 11 out of 16 states. The South threatened to secede if a Republican president won.
  • Kansas Nebraska Act

    The Kansas-Nebraska act was an 1854 bill that allowed settlers of Kansas and Nebraska to decide whether or not slavery would be allowed with their state borders. In January of 1861 Kansas was admitted as a free state weeks after eight Southern States succeeded from the Union. The Kansas-Nebraska Act contributed to the war by reversing the Missouri Compromise and allowing slavery in the remainder of the areas of the Lousiana Purchase.
  • Bloody Kansas

    Bloody Kansas as a result of the Kansas-Nebraska Act, where anti-slavery forces from the north met pro-slavery from the south; this led to series of violent clashes between the two sides over the question of slavery. John Brown was there too: in 1856, Brown and his men marched through Pottawatomie Valley, hoping to confront pro-slavery settlers. Instead, they butchered five men after dragging them from their homes.
  • Brooks-Sumner incident

    The Brooks Sumner incident was the beating of Charles-Sumner with a cane in the U.S. Senate Chamber by representative Brooks. The violent attack was in response to a speech in which Sumner attacked the institution of slavery and pro-slavery senators. The significance of the incident showed the intense hostility and animosity between the north and south. The incident became known as the “Caning of Charles Sumner '' which many believed is one of the events that led to the American Civil War.
  • Election of 1856

    The election of 1856 was when President James was elected into office and defeated John Fremont, Millard Filmore, and James Bunchan. This was significant because the first time in U.S. history the political parties was denied renominations
  • Dred Scott

    Scott was an enslaved African American who went to the supreme court to advocate for his freedom. The Court voted against him. They said that because he was of African descent, he was not a citizen of the United States but property. Finally, they stated that it was unconstitutional for Congress to pass laws affecting slavery. Greatly supported by the south.The north was furious because now there was no way for the federal government to restrict slavery from expanding into new territories.
  • LeCompton Constitution

    The LeCompton Constitution was the second of four documents drafted as the constitution of Kansas. It was a proslavery document, declaring slavery was allowed in the state of Kansas. However, it never went into effect: the people of Kansas voted against it. President Buchanan supported Kansas becoming a state under the LeCompton Constitution; however, again, the people voted against it. This caused Kansas to be admitted to the Union as a free state, angering many in the South.
  • House Divided Speech

    The House Divided speech was Lincoln’s acceptance speech following the Illinois States Convention in Springfield nominating him as a Republican Candidate for the U.S. Senate. Lincoln’s wanted to keep Republicans from going to Douglass side after Douglass disavowed the Kansas-Lecompton Constitution. The Lecompton Constitution had been framed by the Southerns in Kansas to try and admit as a proslavery. The start of the civil war started by tension between the two candidates being raised.
  • Lincoln Douglas Debate

    The Lincoln Douglas debate was a debate between Lincoln and Senator Douglas. This reinvigorated Lincoln's political career amongst the Republicans, while Douglas reaffirm his support for popular sovereignty. The Freeport Doctrine was articulated by Douglas at the second of the Lincoln Douglas debate. Sparked Civil War by, Lincoln believed “overall slavery was morally wrong” versus Douglas who was disturbed by Lincoln’s efforts to resolve a controversial question.
  • Harper’s Ferry

    Harper’s Ferry was a raid on a federal armory, arsenal, and rifle factory led by Abolitionist John Brown in an attempt to help free slaves, which resulted in both reverence and revulsion. This attempt was to disrupt the security of investing in people as property. Harper’s Ferry escalated tensions between the North and the South. We have a northerner abolitionist raiding an armory to start a slave uprising; Brown, the “perpetrator,” was executed. This further divided the North and south.
  • John Brown(execution)

    John Brown was born May 9, 1800, in Torrington, Connecticut. As a young child, Brown saw enslaved boys get beaten, and treated harshly to whom he had formed a bond. He was executed for leading an insurrection intended to give freedom to slaves and replace the state's government of slave states and found guilty of treason, insurrection, and for the murder of those he killed; Brown was lynched.
  • Election of 1860

    The election of 1860 was when Lincoln won the election based upon the electoral college. Despite the south seceding, they had different beliefs versus Lincoln, which sparked the start of the Civil War.
  • Secession

    South Carolina( December 20, 1860)
    Mississippi( January 9,1861)
    Florida(January 10, 1861)
    Alabama (January 11, 1861)
    Georgia(January 19, 1861)
    Louisiana(January 26, 1861)
    Texas(February 1, 1861)
    Virginia( April 17, 1861)
    Arkansas(May 6, 1861)
    North Carolina(May 20, 1861)
    Tennessee(June 8, 1861)
  • Lincoln's "First" Inaugural Adress

    Lincoln’s first inaugural address was to set the tone of what was to come for the future. His speech was mainly directed towards the south and intended to succinctly states lincoln's intended policies and desire toward the section(several states had already succeeded from the Union and formed the Confederate States of America). Lincoln’s first inaugural address