The Union In Peril

Timeline created by libby eugene project group
In History
  • The compromise of 1850

    The compromise of 1850
    The border dispute in which the slave state of Texas claimed the eastern half of the New Mexico Territory, where the issue of slavery had not yet been settled, brought about the need to Compromise. Henry Clay presented to the Senate the Compromise of 1850, the compromise provided that California be admitted to the Union as a free state; and proposed a fugitive slave law.and a provision allowed popular sovereignty.
  • Kansas-Nebraska Act

    Kansas-Nebraska Act
    Senator Stephen Douglas introduced a bill in Congress for the Kansas and Nebraska territory,lay north of the Missouri Compromise line of 36°30‘, would divide in two parts when legally closed to slavery. If the bill passed, it would repeal the Missouri Compromise and establish popular sovereignty for both territories. Northern congressmen saw the bill as part of a plot to turn the territories into slave states; southerners strongly defended the proposed legislation.
  • Bleeding Kansas

    Bleeding Kansas
    After the Kansas-Nebraska Act was passed, people in Kansas tried to make a vote on slavery, both supporters and opponents populated the territories. Part of the supporters came to Kansas to vote illegally for proslavery acts, they were called the "Boarder Ruffians". They won the electron for a territorial legislature made in 1855. Bloody violence happened when a government was set up at Lecomton and issued a series of proslavery acts, and later on the territory was voted as the "Bleeding Kansas"
  • Dred Scott

    Dred Scott
    The Dred Scott Decision ruled that being in free territory did not make a slave free by the Supreme Court. The 15th Amendment protected property, including slaves. This angered many abolitionists in the North. They showered a torrent of abuse upon the Supreme Court, in part because a majority of its justices were Southerners. The Southern slaveholders were jubilant. They thought the decision not only permitted the extension of slavery but actually guaranteed it.
  • North v. South ---- Civil War

    North v. South ---- Civil War
    During the 1800s, disagreements over slavery heightened regional tensions and led to the breakup of the Union. Shortly after the nation's Southern states seceded from the Union, war began between the North and South. There were several causes that led to civil war instead of a main reason, such as, the division over slavery, California's request for statehood as a free state, conflicted with Compromise 1820, Compromise 1850, Slave trade, strong federal enforcement of new Fugitive Slave Act, etc.
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    The American Civil War

    Civil War between North and South.
  • Emancipation Proclamation

    Emancipation Proclamation
    Emancipation was not just a moral issue; it became a weapon of the Civil War. Abraham Lincoln , as a commander in chief of the Union Army, he could authorize the army to emancipate slaves because he disliked the slavery. On January 1, 1863, Lincoln issued his Emanciptaion Prclamation, the proclamation did not free any slaves that were outside the Union control. The proclamation gave the war a moral purpose by turning the struggle into a fight to free the slaves.
  • Civil War Ended

    Civil War Ended
    In a Virginia town- Appomattox Court House, Lee and Grant met at a private home to arrange a Confederate surrender. Grant paroled Lee's soldiers and sent them home with their possessions and three days' worth of rations. Officers werepermitted to keep their sidearms. Within a month all remaining Confederate resistance collapsed. After four long years, the Civil War was over!!!!
  • Lincoln is assassinated

    Lincoln is assassinated
    Five days after Lee surrendered to Grant at Appomattox, Lincoln and his wife went o Ford's Theatre in Washinton to see a British comedy-Our American Cousin. During its third act, John Wilkes Booth, who was a 26 year-old actor and southern sympathizer, crept up behind Lincoln and shot the president in the back of his head. Lincoln died on the next day. The funeral train carried Lincoln back to his hometown of Springfield, Illinois, a 14 days journey.
  • Reconstruction Plans

    Reconstruction Plans
    During the reconstruction, the Congress passed the 13th, 14th and 15th amendments; gave the African American men the right to vote and take office in the goverment work for the Republican party, this resented many southerners who would not like to share these rights with the Blacks, and the Ku Klux Klan was formed and killed many supporters of the Repu. Party. Finally, the republicans retreated from the Recon. and the Reconstruction ended in the South while Hayes elected for president.
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    Reconstruction Plans

    Rebuilding the nation after Civil War.
  • Thirteenth Amendment

    Thirteenth Amendment
    The president believed that the only solution was a constitutional amendmen abolishing slavery. The U.S Constitution stated, "Neither slavery nor involuntary servitude, except as a punishment for crime whereof the party shall have been duly convicted, shall exist within the United States." President Lincoln and other Republicans were concerned that the Emancipation Proclamation did not free any slaves in the border states nor itself make slavery illegal.
  • Fourteenth Amendment

    Fourteenth Amendment
    Congress drafted the Fourteenth Amendment, which prevented states from denying rights and privileges to any U.S. citizen, defined as "all persons born or naturalized in the United States." In addition, it forbids states from denying any person "life, liberty or property, without due process of law" or to "deny to any person within its jurisdiction the equal protection of the laws.”
  • Fifteenth Amendment

    Fifteenth Amendment
    The 15th Amendment to the Constitution granted African American men the right to vote by declaring that the "right of citizens of the United States to vote shall not be denied or abridged by the United States or by any state on account of race, color, or previous condition of servitude."
    The ratification of the Fifteenth Amendment was an important victory for the Radicals.