The Stormy Sixties and the Stalemated Seventies 1960-1980

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  • Lunch Counter Sit-In

    Lunch Counter Sit-In
    Some African American college students were refused service at a lunch counter at Woolworth's, but remained seated. Spurred a youth-oriented movement to encourage more peaceful resistance to inequalities in the south.
  • Birth Control Pill FDA Approved

    Birth Control Pill FDA Approved
  • First Televised Presidential Debate

    70 million American viewers watched the first of four televised presidential debates between candidates Richard Nixon and John F. Kennedy.
  • Peace Corps Founded

    Peace Corps Founded
  • Bay of Pigs Invasion

  • Berlin Crisis

    President John F. Kennedy ordered a naval "quarantine" or Cuba and demanded immediate removal of threatening weaponry. What started as a trivial incident escalated into a confrontation between the U.S. and the Soviet Union.
  • Feminine Mystique Published

    Feminine Mystique Published
    When Betty Friedan's book was released, it altered the way women were viewed, both in the home and in the workplace. It was a great advancement in the Feminist movement.
  • United Farm Workers Association Created

    THE UFWA is the result of two working groups, the Agricultural Workers Organizing Committee (led by Larry Itliong) and the National Farm Workers Association led by Cesar Chavez. The organization originally created for workers’ rights (to receive unemployment insurance), but changed to an actual union of farm workers. The final merge between these two groups was during August 22, 1966. The UFW launched a boycott of table grapes, and finally won a contract with major grape growers in California
  • Rachel Carson Publishes Silent Spring

    A book that spurred controversy over the use of chemical pesticieds, it took Csrson a total of four years to write and complete.
  • Gideon v. Wainwright Case

    Gideon v. Wainwright was a United States Supreme Court case that granted all defendents in court a lawyer or counsil if they can not afford one. This was decided based off of the Sixth Amendment of the Constitution.
  • The March on Washington

    The March on Washington
    A. Philip Randolph organized the event to march for jobs, public school intergration, and for the passage of the fair employment act, and an omniibus civil rights act. 250,000 people show up at the steps of the Lincoln memorial. This was where Martin Luther King Jr. gave his historic "I have a dream" speech.
  • I Have A Dream Speech

    On August 28th 1963 Martin Luther King Jr. gave the most memorable speech to date. Standing proudly on the steps of the Lincoln Memorial MLK defined the American Civil Rights movement and made America realize the necessity of equality and respect for all races. As a leader of the March on Washington, King delivered his speech to over 200,000 supporters.
  • JFK Assassination

    Lee Harvey Oswald assassinated John F. Kennedy while he traveling in a parade in Dallas, Texas.
  • LBJ Sworn Into Office

  • The Selma Movement

    Peaceful protests in Dallas County, Alabama that were turned violent by non protesters with night sticks, tear gass, and electric cattle prods. America was so appalled by the violence that LBJ went to congress and passed the Voting Rights Bill on August 6, 1965.
  • Malcolm X Asassinated

    Malcolm X Asassinated
    Malcolm X is Assassinated at Manhattan's Audubon Ballroom while giving a speech by Talmadge Hayer, Norman 3X Butler, and Thomas 15X Johnson.
  • Immigration and Nationality Act of 1965

    The Immigration and Nationality Act of 1965 finally changed the way immigrants were treated. This act got rid of the quota system that was passed in 1924 that limited the amount of immigrants rom certain countries. European coutries were favored, the Immigration and Nationality Act of 1965 overturned this. Immigration was open to all immigrants now, which opened many new opportunities for struggling immigrants.
  • Immigration and Nationality Act of 1965

    The Immigration and Nationality Act of 1965 finally changed the way immigrants were treated. This act got rid of the quota system that was passed in 1924 that limited the amount of immigrants rom certain countries. European coutries were favored, the Immigration and Nationality Act of 1965 overturned this. Immigration was open to all immigrants now, which opened many new opportunities for struggling immigrants.
  • Voting Rights Act Passed

    The Voting Rights Act outlawed discriminatory voting practices. This act was similar to the 15th amendment, because the Act prohibited states from imposing any voting qualification or procedure based on gender, race or color. This act outlawed literacy tests as a prequalifying factor, in order to vote. This act was passed under Lyndon B. Johnson.
  • NOW Founded

    The National Organization for Women was founded on June 30, 1966. It is the largest feminist organization in the United States and was started in Washington, D.C., by 28 women and men attending the Third National Conference of the Commission on the Status of Women.
  • Black Panther Party

    The Black Panther Party was founded in Oakland, California, by Bobby Seale and Huey P. Newton. It was an African-American organization that aimed for “Black Power” and anti-racism. The group originally made a doctrine that called for the protection of African American neighborhoods from police brutality. The Black Panther party was also known for its “Free Breakfast for Children” and was later deemed racist, so the group began to focus on rights for all minorities.
  • National Historic Preservation Act

    expanded the National Register of Historic Places to include historic sites of regional, state, and local significance
  • Three Astronauts Killed in Simulated Launch

  • American Indian Movement

  • Woodstock Festival

    The Woodstock Music Festival was labeled “An Aquarian Exposition: 3 Days of Peace and Music.” The festival took place In Bethel, New York, and was three days long. Thirty two acts preformed outdoors for 500,000 people. This was one of the greatest moments in rock and roll history.
  • Apollo 13 Setback

    Apollo 13 was hit by a small space rock as it was leaving the atmosphere and suffered a ruptured airtank. This incident almost sealed the fate of the three astronauts on board the air craft, but they were able to pull through and found another way to filter the air.
  • Palistinian Group Hijacks 5 Planes

    First hijacking of four. On the first day of the hijaking, the group set up two bombs to go off in two different planes. while one plane landed succsesfully after the bomb went off the other crashed killing 47 people.
  • The Beatles Break Up

  • First "Earth Day"

    Americans supported anti-pollution and students walked to school instead of driving/riding in buses.
  • Creation of the Twin Towers

    Creation of the Twin Towers
    Minoru Yamasaki, Using a tube-frame structural design they created twin 110 story towers. The construction was $400 million. The North Tower was completed on in December 1972 and the South Tower finished in July 1973. The area offered 13.4 million square feet of office space. to the Manhattan area.
  • 26th Amendment

    In response to the student activism against the Vietnam War and to partially overrule the Supreme Court’s decision in Oregon v. Mitchell, it brught the voting age down to 18.
  • Second Palistinian Hijacking

    This was the second event of the hijacking. Six members of the Palestinian group hijacked an Olympic Airways flight. This was called one of the most dramatic hijackings yet.
  • Final Palistinian Hijacking

    This was the final hijacking. In this hijacking the group trys to hijack three planes and divert them to "Revolution Airport". They had 300 hostages.
  • Cigarette Television Ads Banned

    Cigarettes being banned from TV was part of the Public Health Cigarette Smoking Act. They decided to ban cigarette ads from TV becuase research had shown that smoking was related to lung cancer and chronic bronchitis. The law actually did not come into force until Janurary 2, 1971
  • Attica Prison Riot

    In response to the death of prisoner George Jackson, a black radical activist prisoner who was shot to death by corrections officers. Approx. 2,200 prisoners rioted and seized control of the prison taking 33 staff hostage. The state negotiated with the prisoners for the next four days and agreed to 28 of the prisoners’ demands. Under order of the governor, state police took back control of the prison. When all was over, 39 people were dead including 10 correction officers and civilian employees.
  • Disneyworld Opens

    Walt Disney created Disney World to go along with the amazing Disneyland. Walt Disney unfortanetly died right before Disney World opened; he died in 1966. Walt Disney had established that he was going to build Disney World in Orlando, Florida many years before he started planing/ building.
  • China Joins UN

    China Joins UN
    China joined the United Nations to represent themselves, since the Republic of China was moved to Taiwan.
  • Abortion in the United States

    Abortion being leagalized in the United States was mainly based on a Supreme Court Desicion in Roe v. Wade. Before the case abortion was illegal in 30 states but legal under certain cases in 20 states. The case cliamed that the law was unconstitional. Roe claimed that abortion was part of right of privacy. This case led to the leagalization of Abortion in the United States.
  • First Successful Video Game (Pong) Created

    First Successful Video Game (Pong) Created
  • Girls Allowed to Play in Little League

    Girls Allowed to Play in Little League
  • President Nixon Resigns

    In 1974 in the White House President Nixon chose to resign due to impeachment. He was involved in a scandal to hire detectives to go to the Water Gate and find out confidential information on the Democrats and listen in their conversations, and insure his party that he would win the election. When word got out, he felt he had no choice but to resign.
  • World's First Test Tube Baby

    World's First Test Tube Baby
    Louise Joy Brown, the world's first successful "test-tube" baby was born in Great Britain. Though the technology that made her conception possible was heralded as a triumph in medicine and science, it also caused many to consider the possibilities of future ill-use.
  • Microsoft founded

    Microsoft founded
  • Mao Tse-tung Dies

    Mao Tse-tung Dies
  • West Point Admits Women

    In 1976 West Point opened its doors to women. Halstead whom happened to be in the second class (1977) who tried to admit women, remembers the male resistance to gender integration. She became one-star general after going to Afghanistan after the 9/11 attacks. After this they started deploying women members
  • Terrorist Attack at Munich Olympics

    Terrorist Attack at Munich Olympics
    This attack was in Munich , Bavaria; West Germany. This attack was catogorized as mass murder, massacare, and a hostage- taking. The group who attacked was a Palestinian group called Black September. After the disater had started Black September had demanded that 243 prisoners were released from jail. To save the hostages 5 out of the 8 group members were killed
  • Mao Zadong Dies

    Mao Zadong Dies
    The Communist China's Chairman, had died at age of 82. The Chairman had bad health for several years, as time went on, he hardly had any foreign visitors though. Mao was chairman for about 27 years. He was known as one of China's greatest leader.
  • Star Wars Released

    Star Wars Released
  • First Black Miss Universe

    First Black Miss Universe
  • Elvis Presley Found Dead

    Elvis Presley Found Dead
  • Jonestown Massacre

    Jonestown Massacre
    A total of 909 Temple members died in Jonestown, all but two from apparent cyanide poisoning, in an event termed "revolutionary suicide" by Jones and some members on an audio tape of the event and in prior discussions. The poisonings in Jonestown followed the murder of five others by Temple members at a nearby Port Kaituma airstrip.United States.
  • Nuclear Accident at Three Mile Island

    Nuclear Accident at Three Mile Island
    The accident at the Three Mile Island Unit 2, was the most serious in U.S. commercial nuclear power plant operating history, even though it led to no deaths or injuries to plant workers or members of the nearby community. But it brought about sweeping changes involving emergency response planning, reactor operator training, human factors engineering, radiation protection, and many other areas of nuclear power plant operations.
  • ESPN Begins Broadcasting

    ESPN Begins Broadcasting
  • Iran Takes American Hostages

    Sixty-six Americans were taken captive when Iranian militants seized the U.S. Embassy in Tehran on November 4, 1979, including three who were at the Iranian Foreign Ministry. Six more Americans escaped and of the 66 who were taken hostage, 13 were released on November 19 and 20, 1979; one was released on July 11, 1980.