The Romantic Period (1810s-1890)

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    Luigi Cherubini

    Born in 1760 and died in 1842, was an Italian composer. He wrote 38 dramatic works, masses, choral works, sonatas, chamber, and pedagogical works. He has very important compositions are operas and sacred music. Beethoven and Cherubini were very close and Rossini praised Cherubini.
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    Ludwig van Beethoven

    Born in 1770 and died in 1827. Was a German composer and pianist, his music is very important in music history and is an icon in our present culture. He established the heroic topic in orchestral music and was transitional between classicism and romanticism.
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    E.T. A Hoffman

    Born in 1776 and died in 1822. Was a German writer and composer he wrote the popular "The Nutcracker" fable. His writings were very drenched in romanticism. He was well known as a composer but was also an artist.
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    Carl Maria von Weber

    Born in 1786 and died in 1826. Was German composer, pianist, guitarist, critic, was one of the founders of the German Romantic Opera and studied with Michael Haydn who was an important conductor.
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    Gioachino Rossini

    Born in 1792, and died in 1868. Was an Italian composer who was most famous in the early 19th century for his 39 operas, choral music, & vocal works. He set new standards for comedic & serious operas.
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    Gaetano Donizetti

    Born in 1797 and died in 1828. Was an Italian composer and well known for his 70 operas , symphonies, chamber music, 100 songs and choral music. He studied with Mayr. Donizetti was a leading composer of the bel canto opera style during the first half of the 19th century.
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    Franz Shubert

    Born in 1797 and died in 1828. was an Austrian composer who created a genre of artistic and dramatic Lieder. Had many expansive melodies that frequently modulated, he wrote over 600 Lieder, 9 symphonies, chamber music, piano works, 13 operas and choral music. He had a lot of work that was unfinished.
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    Hector Berlioz

    Born in 1803 and died in 1869. Was a French composer, conductor, writer, and innovator. He wrote many orchestral works, operas, chamber music, tone poems, etc. he was the leading French musician in his day his works embody the romantic era.
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    Fanny Mendelssohn Hensel

    Born 1805 and died in 1847. Was a German composer and pianist for the romantic era. Had the same training as Felix Mendelssohn in which they grew up together in Berlin Germany. Since she was a woman she was often discouraged from composing, she married and then composed more. She wrote over 250 lieder, 28 choral works and chamber music.
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    Felix Mendelssohn

    Born in 1809 and died in 1847. Was a German composer, pianist, organist, conductor of the romantic period. His best known workds include overture and incidental music for a Midsummer Night's dream, The Italian Symphony and Scottish Symphony. He is said to have been a big part of reviving Bach's music.
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    War of 1812

    It was a war that happened to end the events that begun the American Revolution. It started in 1812 on the infringement of Amirian and British trading rights. War had resulted in 1,600 British deaths and 2,260 American ones. The Star Spangled Banner was actually written by one of the prisoners in captivity
  • Stylistic Traits

    The style of the Romanic era included very strong romantic emotional content. Longing was a very strong feeling of the romantic era. Programmatic music became popular and expressed dramatic situations and emotions without using sung text. There were large scale productions, use or chromatic movement, rubato, rondo, and loads of dynamics.
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    Frederic Francois Chopin

    Born in 1810 and died in 1849. He was a Polish/French composer and pianist. He was very innovative on the piano and invented new piano techniques. His music had a lot of character and it is why he is still very famous today. He wrote many piano concertos, chamber music with piano and piano sonatas.
  • Incidental Music

    Is the music in a play, television program, radio program, video game, film or a presentation that is not primarily musical.
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    Franz Liszt

    Born in 1811 and died in 1886. Was a Hungarian composer and virtuoso pianist, conductor, music teacher, arranger, and organist of the romantic era. He was a big innovator of musical form, aesthetics, and harmonies. He was the inventor of the orchestral tone poem.
  • Absolute Music

    Music wit no Programmatic or literary connections, just music and no story.
  • Genres in the Romantic Period

    Genres often found in the Romantic period are Opera, Lieder, Concertos, Tone Poems, Ballets, Sonatas, Symphonies, and Oratorios
  • Frankenstein book was written

    The Modern Prometheus was written also known as "Frankenstein" published by Mary Shelley.
  • The Monroe Doctrine

    The Monroe Doctrine was announced in the US to prevent further European colonization in which it prohibited the US from involving themselves in European Politics to stop Europe's influence on the US's government.
  • Typewriter was invented

    William Austin Burt claimed a Patent a machine that he called the "Typewriter" which now in present day is considered the first typewriter. There were many other that were considered the same thing but this was the first one to be patented. Making it the first typewriter.
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    Johannes Brahms

    Was born in 1833 and died in 1897. Was an Austrian composer. Very well known as "classic-romantic" Had a very strong knowledge of the musical past. he is often grouped with Johann Sebastian Bach, and Ludwig van Beethoven, "three B's of music" Brahms wrote 4 symphonies, concertos, choral music, chamber, lieder, German Requiem, piano works and other orchestral works.
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    Georges Bizet

    Born in 1838 and died in 1875. Registered at birth as alexander Cesar Leopold Bizet was a French composer of the romantic era. He was best known for his operas, he didn't live a very long life so he achieved few successes before he went. His final work "Carmen" has become one of the most popular and very often performed works in the entire opera repertoire.
  • Saxophone

    The saxophone, a musical instrument, was invented by Belgian instrument maker Adolphe Sax in the early 1840s
  • Uncle Tom's Cabin was Published

    The publication of this book (written by Harriet Beecher Stowe) inspired the anti-slavery movement in the 1850's. It was said to have sold 50,000 copies within the first six months.