The Revolutionary War

  • Sugar Act

    It was a revenue-raising act passed by Parliament. It listed specific goods which could only be exported from Britain.
  • Stamp Act

    It was a direct tax from Parliament imposed on the British colonies. It said that many paper products in the colonies had to be produced on stamped paper made in London.
  • Townshend Acts

    They were designed to collect revenue from the colonists in America by putting customs duties on imports of glass, lead, paints, paper, and tea. The colonials boycotted and protested against them.
  • Boston Massacre

    Boston Massacre
    A fight between colonists in Boston and British soldiers broke out one night, ending with five en being killed by the soldiers and six being injured. Arguments broke out on both sides about whether it was self defense on behalf of the soldiers or the slaughter of innocent citizens.
  • Tea Act

    It's main objective was to reduce the massive surplus of tea help by the East India Company. It was supposed to convince the colonists to purchase Company tea on which the Towshend duties were paid.
  • Boston Tea Party

    Boston Tea Party
    In an instant of anger, American patriots dressed as Indians and dumped 342 chest of tea into the Boston Harbor. It was done as an act of punishment for the British-imposed taxes on tea.
  • Intolerable Acts

    They were passed as the Coercive Acts, but deemed intolerable by the colonials. Three of them were designed specifically to punish Massachucetts for the Boston Tea Party.
  • First Continental Congress

    It was a convention made up of delegates from twelve of the thirteen colonies. It was called in response to the Intolerable Acts.
  • Lexington and Concord

    This battle marked the beginning of the Revolution. It was the "shot heard 'round the world."
  • Second Continental Congress

    The second Congress managed the colonial war effort. It began moving in small steps toward independence.
  • Battle of Bunker Hill

    Battle of Bunker Hill
    The Rebels fired at close range from behind cover at Redcoat lines. They soon began retreating as the Redcoats crossed over their fortifications. They went to Bunker Hill, where they sustained most of their casualties that day.
  • Common Sense

    This pamphlet was written by Thomas Paine, who wrote for independence and an immediate end to all ties with Britain. It sold thousands of copies in its first days of publication.
  • Declaration of Independence

    Declaration of Independence
    The Declaration of Independence is the contract stating that America is free from Britain's rule. The American Revolution gradually convinced colonists that it was necessary.
  • Battle of New York

    Battle of New York
    General Howe's original plan was to pin down the Americans' right flank and send a strong force around their left, like he'd been going to do at Bunker Hill. With their plan in action, they won.
  • Battle of Trenton

    Battle of Trenton
    Washington and his men crossed the Delaware River on Christmas Day, 1776, and attacked the next day, completely surprising the British. It was the first American victory of the war, and helped to restore American morale.
  • Battle of Brandywine Creek

    Battle of Brandywine Creek
    When the British appeared on the American right flank, Washington realized that he had been outmaneuvered. In the confusion caused by the surprise, the Americans were unable to successfully defend their position.
  • Battle of Saratoga

    Battle of Saratoga
    With 5,000 men, Burgoyne began to retreat from the approaching army. Gates, with 20,000, surrounded the British at Saratoga and forced their surrender.
  • Valley Forge

    Valley Forge
    Washington's army was barely surviving in the harsh conditions that winter had brought. Most of them abandoned him or became mutinous.
  • Battle of Yorktown

    Battle of Yorktown
    The Allies closed in on Yorktown on 28 September, and began making plans to take control. By 17 October, Cornwallis and his 8,000 men had surrendered.
  • Treaty of Paris

    It ended the Revolutionary War. It is famous for being "exceedingly generous" to the United States in terms of enlarged boundaries.