The Middle Ages

  • 476

    Western Roman Empire ends

    *Exact date is unknown
  • Jan 1, 711

    Moors start raiding Spain

    *Exact date is unknown
  • Jan 1, 793

    Vikings start raiding Europe

    *Exact date is unknown
  • Jan 1, 1066

    William of Normandy wins Battle of Hastings and becomes King of England

    *Exact date is unknown
  • Oct 14, 1066

    Battle of The Hastings

    The Leaders of the Battle of The Hastings were Duke William of Normandy and King Harold of England. This battle is one of the most famous and important battle to the history of England because the Battle of Hastings resulted in all lands of England being claimed by the Normans who introduced Feudalism to England.
  • Jan 1, 1096

    Crusades start

    *Exact date is unknown
    Crusades is the series of wars fought in the eleventh and twelfth centuries. These were wars between the Christian armies against the Muslims, who then occupied Jerusalem and surrounding regions (called the Holy Lands).
  • Jan 1, 1100

    Small towns start appearing over Europe

    *Exact date is unknown
  • Dec 19, 1154

    Henry II became the first 'Plantagenet' King

    Henry II did not only become the King of England, he also ruled over most of Wales, Normady, Anjou, Gascony, and other parts of France due to his marriage to Eleanor of Aquitane. He established stability after civil war between his mother and her rival, Stephen. He declared his authority over the barons and enforced law and governance. Regular financial rolls og government began in his reign.
  • Jul 6, 1189

    Henry II died and was replaced by Richard I

    Among Henry II's 5 sons, the eldest and brave child, Richard I, became the next King of England when Henry II died.
  • Jan 1, 1192

    Minamoto Yoritomo becomes the first shogun of Japan

    *Exact date is unknown
    A shogun is the title taken by a noble Japanese family who till that point had been vassals of the emperor. Shoguns were the people with the real power in Japan; the emperor then became more of a figurehead.
  • Jan 1, 1199

    Richard I died and his brother, John became the next King of England

    *The exact date was unknown
    Even though Richard I schemed against his brother, Richard I forgave him and named John as his successor. John's young nephew Arthur, who some thought was the rightful heir, disappeared.
  • Jan 1, 1215

    King John of England signs the Magna Carta

    *Exact date is unknown
    The Magna Carta is a document that the King of England, King John, was forced to sign. This controlled his power and gave more rights to the nobles. It also ended the ‘trial by ordeal’.
  • Oct 28, 1216

    Henry III is crowned King of England

    Henry III became the King of England at only nine years old!
  • Jan 1, 1275

    First meeting held in England of a parliament

    *Exact date is unknown
  • Jan 1, 1291

    Crusades End

    *Exact date is unknown
  • Jan 1, 1337

    Start of 100 Years' War

    *Exact date is unknown
    100 Years’ War is a series of battles fighting over territory between the English and the French, and between warring French princes. The war lasted about 100 years (from 1337 to 1453), just like its name.
  • Jan 1, 1347

    Black Death breaks out in Europe

    *Exact date is unknown
    Black Death is the event where the bubonic plague had an outbreak in Europe in the late 1340s. It killed one-third of Europe's population.
  • Jan 1, 1381

    Wat Tyler leads a revolt of English peasants to win more freedom from landowners.

    *Exact date is unknown
  • Jan 1, 1429

    Joan of Arc drives the English out of Orleans

    *Exact date is unknown
  • Jan 1, 1453

    100 Years' War Ends

    *Exact date is unknown
  • May 22, 1455

    The Wars of The Roses

    The Wars of The Roses were discontinuous civil wars between the House of Lancaster and the House of York. The rivalry started when King Richard II was overthrown by his cousin, Henry Bolingbroke, Duke of Lancaster, in 1399. The wars actually began on May 22, 1455.
  • Period: May 22, 1455 to Oct 24, 1485

    Wars of The Roses

    *Exact date of the end of the war is unknown
    The Wars of The Roses were discontinuous civil wars between the House of Lancaster and the House of York. The rivalry started when King Richard II was overthrown by his cousin, Henry Bolingbroke, Duke of Lancaster, in 1399. The wars actually began on May 22, 1455.
  • Jan 1, 1485

    The Wars of the Roses ended

    *Exact date is unknown
  • Jan 1, 1485

    Henry Tudor (Henry VII) is crowned King of England

    *Exact date is unknown