The Labor Movement

  • AFL

    Samuel Gompers created this, the largest and most influential labor union
  • department of labor

    is responsible for occupational safety, wage and hour standards, unemployment insurance benefits, re-employment services, and some economic statistics.
  • collective bargaining

    a negotiation between employers and trade unions used to reach agreements which regulate working conditions
  • contract

    legally enforceable agreement between two or more parties with mutual obligations.
  • Clayton Act

    Was enacted to exempt unions from the scope of antitrust laws
  • Clayton act

    used to to add further substance to the U.S. antitrust law
  • Ludlow Massacre

    the violent deaths of 19 people during an attack by the Colorado National Guard on a tent colony of 1,200 striking coal miners and their families
  • Adamson Act

    established an 8 hour workday
  • Eugene V. Debs

    he ran for president as a socialist
  • Great Depression

    was a huge economic decline that had devestating results
  • yellpw-dog contract

    contracts that were signed by an employee and employeer saying that they wouldn't join a labor union. Was widely used until 1930
  • Davis Bacon Act

    forces employees on federal works projects to be paid minimum wage
  • Norris-LaGuardia Act

    Established that employees should be free to form unions without employeer interferences
  • wagner act

    limits the means with which employers may react to workers in the private sector who creates labor unions and take part in strikes
  • CIO

    proposed by John L. Lewis & organized workers in industrial unions in the US
  • Fair Labor Standards Act

    mandated a minimum wage and maximum hour work week for employees of those businesses engaged in interstate commerce
  • Emma Goldman

    known for her political activism, writing, and speeches.
  • closed shop

    an agreement which the employer agrees to only hire union members, and employees must remain members of the union at all times in order to remain employedwas outlawed in 1947