The History of Special Education

Timeline created by giselleinfante
  • First school of Education

    First school of Education
    The first special education school in the US, named the American Asylum for the Education and Instruction of the Deaf and Dumb. It was opened in Hartford, CT by Thomas H. Gallaudet. The term dumb, back then, referred to one not being able to speak.
  • Brown V. Board of Education

    Brown V. Board of Education
    Brown V. Board of Education of Topeka ruled that racial segregation of children in public schools was unequal and unconstitutional. Brown V. Board of Education was one of the keystones of the civil rights movements that helped begin the precedent that "separate but equal" services were not equal at all.
    https://www.history.com/topics/black-history/brown-v-board-of-education-of-topeka
  • Elementary and Secondary Education Act

    Elementary and Secondary Education Act
    Elementary and Secondary Education Act is a program created by the U.S. Department of Education to distribute funding to schools and school districts with a high percentage of students from low income families.
  • Pennsylvania Association of Retarded Children (PARC) v. Commonwealth of Pennsylvania

    Pennsylvania Association of Retarded Children (PARC) v. Commonwealth of Pennsylvania
    The first right-to-education suit in the country, to overturn that Pennsylvania law and secure a quality education for all children. It guaranteed special education for children with intellectual disabilities. The state agreed to provide free public education for children with mental retardation.
  • Mills v. Board of Education of the District of Columbia

    Mills v. Board of Education of the District of Columbia
    Mills v. Board of Education of the District of Columbia extended the right to special education to children of all disabilities. Mills was a class action suit that was brought on behalf of seven children and other similarly situated students who resided in the District of Columbia.It was one of the most important court rulings that eventually led to section 504 of the Rehabilitation Act.[https://usedulaw.com/438-mills-v-board-of-education-of-the-district-of-columbia.html]
  • Rehabilitation Act Section 504

    Rehabilitation Act Section 504
    Rehabilitation Act Section 504 was the first disability civil rights law to be enacted in the United States. It protects the rights of individuals with disabilities. It prohibits discrimination against people with disabilities in programs that receive federal financial assistance, etc.
  • Education of the Handicapped Act Amendments

    Education of the Handicapped Act Amendments
    Education of the Handicapped Act Amendments extends free and appropriate education to children with disabilities, establishes early intervention for infants/toddlers with disabilities.
  • Honig v. Doe

    Honig v. Doe
    Honig v. Doe started when the San Francisco Unified School District tried to expel two emotionally disturbed kids because one of them was hyper-active while the other had violent outbursts. The Supreme Court came to the decision that children that were mentally disturbed could not be expelled from schools for behaviors related to their disability.
    Video: https://www.c-span.org/video/?2078-1/supreme-court-review
  • Americans with Disabilities Act (ADA)

    Americans with Disabilities Act (ADA)
    Americans with Disabilities Act (ADA) (P.L. 101-336) was adopted to prohibit discrimination against people with disabilities. Public and private businesses, state and local government agencies, etc, are required to comply with the law.
  • No Child Left Behind Act

    No Child Left Behind Act
    No Child Left Behind Act was a version of the Elementary and Secondary Education (ESEA). It affected every public school is the U.S. Its goal was to provide equal education opportunities for disadvantaged students like students in poverty, minorities, those who don't speak English and students receiving special education services.